Protein/Creatinine Ratio

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Test Description

A urine protein test is often used to screen for, help evaluate, and monitor kidney function and to help detect and diagnose early kidney damage and/or disease. However, the test can also help screen for several other conditions that can cause proteinuria.

In most cases, proteinuria has no symptoms and is detected during a routine screening in people with high blood pressure or diabetes. If protein loss is severe, swelling or edema can occur. Edema can be present in the: 

Face and around the eyes

Arms, hands, legs, ankles and feet

Abdomen

Other symptoms can include: 

Foamy urine

Weight gain caused by fluid retention

Diminished appetite

Hypertension

In mild or temporary proteinuria, no treatment may be necessary. 

Drugs are sometimes prescribed, especially in people with diabetes and/or high blood pressure. These may come from two classes of drugs: 

ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors)

ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers)

Proper treatment especially in patients with chronic disease such as diabetes and high blood pressure is essential to prevent the progressive kidney damage that is causing the proteinuria. 

It is necessary to treat the underlying condition that is causing proteinuria. For example, when diabetes or hypertension is present, treatment involves controlling blood pressure with the use of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE-I) inhibitor, like captopril (capoten). Ace inhibitors prevent the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, a substance that normally causes the veins to constrict. The result is a reduction in blood pressure. The goal is to reduce blood pressure below 130 systolic and 80 diastolic. After bun, creatinine, and potassium are monitored for 7 to 10 days, ace inhibitors are gradually increased to avoid side effects. The degree of proteinuria is checked periodically and typically improves with every dose. It is necessary to monitor blood sugar, salt intake, diet, and exercise.

Test Method 1 : After you provide a urine sample, it is tested in the lab. This is called a random urine sample. 

If needed, your health care provider may ask you to collect your urine at home over 24 hours. 

Report available : Turn around time is 24 hours. 

Because proteinuria is a symptom and not a disease itself, medical care focuses on treating the underlying condition, such as normalizing blood pressure in people with hypertension or controlling blood sugar levels in those with diabetes. 

People with nephrotic syndrome and fluid overload should restrict salt in their diet. The nephrologist may also recommend a mild restriction in protein intake. 

ACE inhibitors are medications used primarily for the treatment of hypertension, but they're also very effective in reducing proteinuria regardless of whether the patient has hypertension or not. 

A person with the following symptoms should get this test done: In most cases, proteinuria has no symptoms and is detected during a routine screening in people with high blood pressure or diabetes. If protein loss is severe, swelling or edema can occur. Edema can be present in the: 

Face and around the eyes

Arms, hands, legs, ankles and feet

Abdomen

Other symptoms can include: 

Foamy urine

Weight gain caused by fluid retention

Diminished appetite

Hypertension

Gender : Mainly occurs in adults. 

Age : Mainly occurs at the age os 30 to 65 years. 

Socio Geographic : This condition is predominant all over the world. 

Kidney, Lungs
Lupus and Kidney Disease