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It is the common type of HIV found among people across the world. Mostly 95% of people are affected with Type 1. HIV 1 virus destroys the CD4 cells which results in damaging your immune system. These cells are responsible for fighting infections in your body. Hence, you are left with a weak immune system that may result to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in an advanced stage.HIV 2
It is rarely found in people as the growth of this virus is very slow and takes more time to be transmitted to a person. HIV 2 is a rare type of virus that is rarely found in Indian people. Most affected lot belongs to West Africa.
First Stage is referred as Acute HIV infection. In this stage the patients are not aware of being infected with HIV in the initial stage. And the symptoms are to that of Flu infection such as:
Second Stage is referred as Chronic HIV infection. Once your immune system has been infected with HIV, the flu symptoms will fade away. Hence, doctors call this stage as asymptomatic or clinical latent period. During this stage the infected person has the potential to pass the virus to another person. Also, this stage last for 10 years in a person.
Third Stage is referred as AIDS. This is the most advanced stage of HIV infection. This stage even shows visible symptoms:
The disease is transmitted from one person to another through modes of blood transfusion, anal or vaginal sex, usage of contaminated needles, drug injection, childbirth, from mother to infant during pregnancy, piercing and tattooing .Importance of the Screening
Screening of the HIV test is the only way to find out if a person is infected with HIV virus. The reason behind the screening of HIV test if in doubt as the symptoms show up very late in a person’s body. It can take years for the symptoms to appear in most of the cases.
There are various myths surrounded the HIV disease is due to lack of proper knowledge and information received by everyone. Clear your doubts by knowing that HIV virus do not spread through touch, sweat, tears, saliva and pee.
HIV is only transferred from one person to another in fluid form. When the fluid comes in contact with the mucous membranes of an uninfected person, there is risk of developing HIV virus.
Besides, the transmission of HIV virus might also occur via broken skin of an infected person and with the usage of infected needles or syringes.
The HIV virus is not transferred from an infected person through hugging, kissing and handshakes. Hence, by touching an infected person, you will not get infected.
It is wrong to believe that if you breathe in the air from an HIV infected person, the virus will be transferred to you. It is not true, because HIV is not an air-born disease.
Most of the people believe that by sharing a plate of food or serving an HIV infected person in your kitchen utensils will transfer the disease. HIV is not transferred through food and utensils.
Many people avoid drinking water from a public water fountain to avoid coming in contact of any disease like HIV. People don’t get infected through public water booths as HIV is not water-borne disease.
Even an HIV infected and a non HIV infected person, both can go for a gym workout session without any worry. HIV is not transferred with the touching of the gym equipment’s.
Many of you might find it difficult to use a public toilet thinking it might spread HIV virus if any HIV infected person has used it before you. HIV is not spread through seats of toilet or door knob/handle.
There is a big misconception on oral sex and HIV virus. Many of you believe that, HIV virus is spread through oral sex if your partner is HIV infected. It is not true as HIV virus only spread through unprotected sexual intercourse (via vaginal or anal section).
If both the partners are HIV infected, and they opt for unprotected sex, there are chances that they might transfer the type of HIV infection to each other. There are different types of strains that exist in HIV virus. And it is not necessary that both the partner is infected with the same type of strain, instead they might be suffering from 2 different strains. Treatment for the presence of more than 1 strain in a person makes the treatment more difficult in terms of medications and limiting the spread of HIV virus to other parts of the body. Hence, always opt for protected sex (use condoms) to protect your partner.
Myth: One needs to take dozens of tablets every day during the treating of HIV.
Fact: It was years ago where patients use to take many daily medications, when inventions and advancements in medicine had not taken place. Depending on a person’s current health condition, doctor will prescribe you 1 to 4 tablets daily.
Myth: Immediate medication for HIV treatment is not necessary.
Fact: One needs to start with an immediate treatment as prescribed by the doctor. The treatment will include taking of medications named “antiretroviral treatment” in order to stop the virus from spreading to other parts of the body. This helps your immune system to recover by lowering the chance of spreading the virus to others.
Myth: If suffering from HIV, it will always end with AIDS.
Fact: If you are diagnosed with HIV at the early stage you will not develop with AIDS. But it will depend on the approach of your treatment. Immediate treatment to HIV will stop the chances of developing AIDS. While if you are diagnosed with HIV at later stage, you might have the chances of developing HIV which still depends on your medication.
Myth: Once started with the medication treatment, one cannot spread the virus through sexual intercourse.
Fact: Any HIV infected person once started with the medication treatment can still have the risk of spreading the virus to their partner. Though doctors believe that once continued your treatment for a longer period of time, it is little to no risk of transfer of the virus. But it is always advisable to use condom to protect your partner from being infected.
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