Iron

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Test Description

This test is done to detect and help diagnose iron deficiency or iron overload.

Symptoms are:  General feeling of tiredness or weakness fatigue

Lack of energy

Pale skin (pallor)

Dizziness

Headaches

The mildest stage of iron deficiency is the slow depletion of iron stores. This means the amount of iron present is functioning properly but is being used up without adequate replacement. The serum iron level may be normal in this stage, but the ferritin level will be low. As iron deficiency continues, all of the stored iron is used and the body tries to compensate by producing more transferrin to increase iron transport. The serum iron level continues to decrease and transferrin and TIBC increase. As this stage progresses, fewer and smaller red blood cells are produced, eventually resulting in iron deficiency anemia.

When the iron level is high, the TIBC and ferritin are normal. If the person has a clinical history consistent with iron overdose, then it is likely that he has iron poisoning. Iron poisoning occurs when a large dose of iron is taken all at once or over a long period of time. While this is rare, it most commonly occurs in children who ingest their parents' iron supplements. In some cases, iron poisoning can be fatal.

A person who has two genetic mutations for HFE is diagnosed with hereditary hemochromatosis. However, many people who have hemochromatosis will have no symptoms for their entire life, while others will start to develop symptoms such as joint pain, abdominal pain, and weakness in their 30's or 40's. Iron overload may also occur in people who have hemosiderosis and in those who have multiple transfusions, such as may happen with sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, or other forms of anemia. The iron from each transfused unit of blood stays in the body, eventually causing a large buildup in the tissues. Some alcoholics with chronic liver disease also develop hemosiderosis.

When caused by inadequate iron intake iron deficiency anemia can be prevented by eating a diet high in iron-rich foods and vitamin C Mothers should make sure to feed their babies breast milk or iron-fortified infant formula Foods high in iron include: meat such as lamb porkchicken and beef beans pumpkin and squash seeds leafy greens, such as spinach raisins and other dried fruit eggs seafood such as clams sardines shrimp, and oysters iron fortified dry and instant cereals

Test Method 1 : A blood sample is needed. 

The blood sample is sent to a lab. There, the creatinine level in the blood sample is tested. The lab specialist combines your creatinine level with several other factors to estimate your GFR. 

Report available : Turn around time is 24 hours

Iron tablets can help restore iron levels in your body If possible you should take iron tablets on an empty stomach, which helps the body absorb them better If they upset your stomach, you can take them with meals. You may need to take the supplements for several months. Iron supplements may cause constipation or black stools

Diet

Diets that include the following foods can help treat or prevent iron deficiency: 

Red meat

Dark green, leafy Vegetables

Dried fruits

Nuts

Iron-fortified cereals

A person have a following symptoms should get this done: General feeling of tiredness or weakness fatigue

Lack of energy

Pale skin (pallor)

Dizziness

Headaches

Gender : Mainly occurs in newborns men, women and infants. 

Age : Mainly occurs at the age of 1 to 6 months and at any age. 

Socio Geographic : It is predominant all over the world. 

Liver, brain