Electrolyte, Serum test

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Know more about Electrolyte, Serum test

An electrolyte test is used to identify problems with the body's electrolyte ( salt) balance.

Signs and symptoms are: 

Fluid accumulation (edema)

Nausea or vomiting

Weakness

Confusion

Irregular heart beat (cardiac arrhythmias)

High or low electrolyte levels can be caused by several conditions and diseases. Generally, they are affected by how much is consumed in the diet and absorbed by the body, the amount of water in a person's body, and the amount eliminated by the kidneys. They are also affected by some hormones such as aldosterone, a hormone that conserves sodium and promotes the elimination of potassium, and natriuretic peptides, which increase elimination of sodium by the kidneys.

With respect to the amount of water in a person's body, people whose kidneys are not functioning properly, for example, may retain excess fluid. This results in a dilution effect on sodium and chloride so that they fall below normal concentrations. On the other hand, people who experience severe fluid loss may show an increase in potassium, sodium, and chloride concentrations. Some conditions such as heart disease and diabetes may also affect the fluid and electrolytes balance in the body and cause abnormal levels of electrolytes.

Knowing which electrolytes are out of balance can help a health practitioner determine the underlying cause and make decisions about treatment to restore proper balance. Left untreated, an electrolyte imbalance can lead to various problems, including dizziness, cramps, irregular heartbeat, and possibly death.

IV fluids IV fluids, typically sodium chloride, can help rehydrate the body. This treatment is commonly used in cases of dehydration from vomiting or diarrhea. Electrolyte supplements can be added to IV fluids to correct deficiencies. Certain IV medications These can help your body restore electrolyte balance quickly. They can also protect from negative effects while you're being treated by another method. Oral medications Oral medications are often used to correct mineral abnormalities in the body that are chronic. This occurs especially in people with ongoing kidney disease. Common oral medications treat electrolyte imbalances, like high potassium, calcium, or phosphate. Hemodialysis This is a type of dialysis that uses a machine to remove waste from your blood. One way to get the blood to flow to this artificial kidney is for a doctor to surgically create a vascular access, or an entrance point, into your blood vessels. This entrance point will allow a larger amount of blood to flow through your body during hemodialysis treatment. This means more blood can be filtered and purified. Hemodialysis can be used when an electrolyte disorder is caused by sudden kidney damage and other treatments aren't working. Your doctor may also decide on hemodialysis treatment if the electrolyte problem has become life-threatening. Supplements Supplements can help replace depleted electrolytes on a short- or long-term basis, depending on the cause.

Treatment for an electrolyte imbalance will depend on which electrolyte is out of balance and by how much. For example, if you have a sodium imbalance you may be advised to lower your salt intake (if sodium is too high) or reduce your fluid intake (if sodium is too low). 

Test Method 1 : A blood sample is taken from a vein in the arm. 

Report available : Turn around time is 24 hours. 

A person have the following signs and symptoms should det this done: 

 

Fluid accumulation (edema)

Nausea or vomiting

Weakness

Confusion

Irregular heart beat (cardiac arrhythmias)

Hypertension, cardivascular failure, lung diseases, and liver and renal disease.