Chloride test

Know more about Chloride test

This test detects abnormal blood chloride levels to diagnose certain health conditions. These conditions include alkalosis, which happens when your blood is either too alkaline or basic, and acidosis, which happens when your blood is too acidic. The blood test can also be used to monitor conditions such as: high blood pressure heart failure kidney disease liver disease

The symptoms that may indicate a chloride imbalance include: 

excessive fatigue

muscle weakness

breathing problems

frequent vomiting

prolonged diarrhea

excessive thirst

high blood pressure. 

A chloride test measures the level of chloride in your blood or urine. Chloride is one of the most important electrolytes in the blood. It helps keep the amount of fluid inside and outside of your cells in balance. It also helps maintain proper blood volume, blood pressure, and pH of your body fluids. Tests for sodium, potassium, and bicarbonate are usually done at the same time as a blood test for chloride. 

Your follow-up will depend on whether your blood test indicates an abnormally high or low blood chloride level. You can usually correct electrolyte abnormalities that aren't associated with serious underlying heart, kidney, or liver disease by avoiding certain drugs that may interfere with the absorption of essential substances. Tell your doctor about any OTC and prescription medications you take. They'll advise you about which medications you must discontinue, if any. More serious health conditions, such as heart, kidney, or liver disease, can be related to abnormal blood chloride levels. Early medical intervention may improve the outlook in these cases. Be sure to follow your doctor's treatment recommendations.

Just like other electrolyte imbalances, the treatment of high blood chloride levels or hypochloremia is to correct the underlying cause. It includes the following causes: -

 

For dehydration: 

 

Establish and maintain adequate hydration

For particular drug treatment: 

 

Alter or discontinue the medications (especially loop and thiazides)

For kidney disease: 

 

Refer to a nephrologist

For hormone or endocrine causes: 

 

Refer to an endocrinologist

Test Method 1 : During the test, blood will be drawn from a vein on the inside of your elbow or the back of your hand. The person performing the blood draw will clean the area with antiseptic to help prevent infection. Then, they will wrap your arm with an elastic band to allow the veins to fill with blood and make them more visible. They will draw a blood sample using a small needle and then cover the puncture site with gauze or a bandage. 

The process takes just a few minutes. 

Report available :  The lab will test the blood sample within three to five days. 

A person have the following symptoms should get this done:     The symptoms that may indicate a chloride imbalance include: 

 

excessive fatigue

muscle weakness

breathing problems

frequent vomiting

prolonged diarrhea

excessive thirst

high blood pressure

Cardiovascular disease, renel and hepatic diseases