CEA- Cancer Marker-Carcino Embryonic Antigen test

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Know more about CEA- Cancer Marker-Carcino Embryonic Antigen test

The carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test measures the level of CEA in the blood. CEA is a protein normally found in the tissue of a developing baby in the womb. The blood level of this protein disappears or becomes very low after birth. In adults, an abnormal level of CEA may be a sign of cancer.

Tumors in any part of the brain may cause the pressure inside the skull (known as intracranial pressure) to rise. This can be caused by growth of the tumor itself, swelling in the brain, or blockage of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Increased pressure can lead to general symptoms such as: 

Headache

Nausea

Vomiting

Blurred vision

Balance problems

Personality or behavior changes

Seizures

Drowsiness or even coma

Your healthcare provider may perform this test as part of a general health exam, to help diagnose many illnesses

This test is also used to monitor or evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, once a diagnosis is made and the treatment started

Many a time, the Blood Smear test is ordered as a more definitive evaluation tool after a complete blood count (CBC) with automated differential test has been performed, and a blood disorder/deficiency suspected. 

Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, vegetables and other foods from plant sources „ such as whole grains and beans. Avoid obesity. Eat lighter and leaner by choosing fewer high-calorie foods, including refined sugars and fat from animal sources. If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation. The risk of various types of cancer „ including cancer of the breast, colon, lung, kidney and liver „ increases with the amount of alcohol you drink and the length of time you've been drinking regularly. Limit processed meats. A report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the cancer agency of the World Health Organization, concluded that eating large amounts of processed meat can slightly increase the risk of certain types of cancer. In addition, women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts might have a reduced risk of breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet focuses on mostly on plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats, like olive oil, over butter and fish instead of red meat. 3. Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active Maintaining a healthy weight might lower the risk of various types of cancer, including cancer of the breast, prostate, lung, colon and kidney.

Some types of malignant tumors grow and spread faster than other. Even within a tumor of the same tissue origin, specific types are more aggressive, or have a tendency to grow and show metastasis (spreading to the surrounding and distant tissues), but also less sensitive to specific therapeutic procedures and protocols. Sometimes the level of a tumor marker can predict the behaviour and ñlookî of specific types of tumors. For example, with testicular cancers, high levels of tumor markers HCG and/or AFP predict more aggressive cancer and a lower cure or survival rate. Treatment of the patients with such high levels of tumor markers should start more aggressively and with higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and radiation.

Test Method 1 : The health professional taking a sample of your blood will: 

Wrap an elastic band around your upper arm to stop the flow of blood. This makes the veins below the band larger so it is easier to put a needle into the vein. 

Clean the needle site with alcohol. 

Put the needle into the vein. More than one needle stick may be needed. 

Attach a tube to the needle to fill it with blood. 

Remove the band from your arm when enough blood is collected. 

Put a gauze pad or cotton ball over the needle site as the needle is removed. 

Put pressure to the site and then put on a bandage. 

Report available : Turn arround time is 24 hours. 

The person who have the following symptoms should get this done: 

 

Headache

Nausea

Vomiting

Blurred vision

Balance problems

Personality or behavior changes

Seizures

Drowsiness or even coma

colon cancer, medullary thyroid, carcinoma, breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer