Your doctor may order this test if you have signs or symptoms of:
confusion or memory loss
numbness and tingling in the hands, feet, and face
weak and brittle nails
easy fracturing of the bones
Contact your doctor if you have symptoms of calcium deficiency disease. They'll review your medical history and ask you about family history of calcium deficiency and osteoporosis.
If your doctor suspects calcium deficiency, they'll take a blood sample to check your blood calcium level. Your doctor will measure your total calcium level and your albumin level. Albumin is a protein that binds to calcium and transports it through the blood. Sustained low calcium levels in your blood may confirm a diagnosis of calcium deficiency disease.
Normal calcium levels for adults can range from 8. 8 to 10. 4 milligrams per deciliter, according to the Merck Manual. You may be at risk for calcium deficiency disease if your calcium level is below 8. 8 mg/dL. Children and teens typically have higher blood calcium levels than adults.
Test Method 1 : A urine calcium test measures the amount of calcium in the urine you produce in a 24-hour period. The test lasts from the morning of one day to the morning of the next.
These steps are usually followed for the urine test:
On the first day, you'll urinate after waking up. Don't save this urine.
Over the next 24 hours, you'll collect all urine in the container your doctor gives you.
On day two, you urinate into the container provided after waking up.
During the 24-hour collection period, close the container and store it in the refrigerator after each time you urinate. Put your name on the container, as well as the date and time the test was completed.
Return the sample as instructed by your doctor.
No risks are associated with the urine calcium test.
Report available : Turn around time is 24 hours.
Calcium deficiency is usually easy to treat. It typically involves adding more calcium to your diet.
Do not self-treat by taking a lot of calcium supplements. Taking more than the recommended dose without your doctor's approval can lead to serious issues like kidney stones.
Commonly recommended calcium supplements include:
calcium carbonate, which is the least expensive and has the most elemental calcium
calcium citrate, which is the most easily absorbed
calcium phosphate, which is also easily absorbed and does not cause constipation
The person having the following symptoms should get this done: Certain bone diseases
Certain cancers, such as multiple myeloma, a cancer of the breast, lung, neck, and kidney
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic liver disease
Disorders of the parathyroid glands (hormone made by these glands controls calcium and vitamin D levels in the blood)
Disorders that affect how your intestines absorb nutrients
Overactive thyroid gland or taking too much thyroid hormone medicine
Abnormal vitamin D level
Your doctor may also order this test if you have been on bed rest for a long time.
Gender : Mainly occurs in males and females and adults.
Age : Mainly occurs at the age of 1 to 55 years.
Socio Geographic : It is predominant all over the world specially in third word countries.