What is Lipid Profile Test?
Lipids are essential organic molecules found in blood and stored in tissues and play an essential role in the regular functioning of our body. Another term that’s often discussed in association with lipid is cholesterol. Cholesterol is a form of lipid that’s required by the body to keep the rigidity of the cells by adding to the stability of the cell wall, further to performing other critical functions such as manufacturing of hormones, vitamin D, and bile acids.
Cholesterol is a soft, waxy fat that your body needs to function properly. But, too much cholesterol can cause heart disease, stroke, atherosclerosis, a clogging or hardening of your arteries. A complete cholesterol test is also known as a lipid panel or lipid profile. Your doctor can use it to measure the amount of “good” and “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides, a type of fat, in your blood.
Serum lipid profile has now become almost a routine test. it is usually carried out in fasting state because of certain obstacles in the non-fasting serum sample. in the recent past efforts have been made to simplify blood sampling by replacing fasting lipid profile with non-fasting lipid profile. However, fasting specimen is preferred if cardiovascular risk assessment is primarily based on total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol or non-HDL cholesterol. a lot has yet to be done in this area. Till then we have to believe in fasting lipid profile for assessment and management of cardiovascular disease.
This test may be measured any time of the day without fasting. However, if the check is drawn as a part of a total lipid profile, it requires a 12-hour fast (no food or drink, except water). For the most accurate effects, wait at least two months after a heart attack, surgery, infection, injury or being pregnant to check levels of cholesterol.
Who Should Do Lipid Profile Tests?
Usually, it is recommended that adults age 20 and over who have no known risk factors for heart disease gone through a lipid panel test every 5 years. Adults who do have risk factors for heart disease should have cholesterol/triglyceride checking outdone more frequently. Routine cholesterol/triglyceride screening is also recommended for youngsters. Lipid panel tests should be done between ages 9 and 11 and again during adolescence, between the ages of 17 and 21.
Risk factors that ought to prompt more frequent testing consist of:-
- Overweight or obesity
- high blood pressure
- Regular cigarette smoking
- Poor eating habits
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Age 45 for men, and age 50-55 for women
- A family records of heart disease
- Present heart disease or a previous heart attack or other health problems, such as diabetes
- The family history of heart disease
When should you go for Lipid Profile Test?
If you’re a man, you should get your cholesterol levels checked regularly, starting at age 35 or younger. If you’re a woman, you should begin routine cholesterol screening by age 45 or younger. To be on the safe side, you may want to get your cholesterol tested every five years beginning as early as age 20. If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, heart disease, stroke, or high blood pressure, or if you’re taking medication to control your cholesterol levels, you should check your cholesterol every year.
Medical judgment should be used for patients with one or more risk factors who are outside the target ages.
The recommended frequency of taking a look at an order to monitor treatment for dyslipidemia is as follows:-
For patients on diet therapy only (testing should include complete lipid profile) – Initiation:
every 3-6 months up to a year, Maintenance: every 6-12 months
For patients on diet and drug therapy (testing should include complete lipid profile and, for those on statins, ALT, and CK) – Initiation of drug therapy:
baseline, at 2-3 months and at 6 months. Maintenance: every 6-12 months. Enzyme testing should be performed more frequently for patients at higher risk for side effects.
Why should you go for Lipid Profile Test?
Based on the type of cholesterol check and your risk of cardiovascular diseases, cholesterol test need to be made a habitual for the disease assessment.
- A thorough cholesterol test includes LDL, HDL, triglycerides, and total cholesterol picturing. As a result, this kind of test would possibly deliver a complete detail about a person’s risk of having a heart attack or other cardiovascular diseases. This type of cholesterol check is suggested to be completed every 4 to 6 years for those in the age of 20 and above, who’ve not been diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases.
- A thorough cholesterol test or lipid profile must be carried out more regularly—every 2 to 3 years if your chance of having heart attack elevates. This may additionally be applied for a cholesterol check which only consists of total cholesterol and HDL level.
- Adults who are diagnosed with high cholesterol and being treated for it should have their cholesterol level tested more regularly. Based on the diagnosis and the severity of the illness, one may have their cholesterol level checked every year.
- Adults who’ve or are susceptible to coronary diseases should have their cholesterol level checked at least once a year. This has to be performed also when the signs and symptoms of the disease occur or are feeling.
- Adults who’ve diabetes need to be checked at least once a year. People who consume cholesterol-lowering medications also need to be checked once or twice a year. They need to be checked right away after side effects of the medications begin to be disturbing.
- Adults and youngsters with a severe family history of high cholesterol have to be checked every 2 years.
- Women who’ve reached their menopause stage need to be checked every 1 to 2 year, mainly if any signs of high cholesterol occur.
Communicate to your doctor about when a cholesterol test is right for you. Doctors use different guidelines to decide when someone ought to have a cholesterol check. Your doctor may suggest a test based totally on your age or your risk factors for disease. Overall, high cholesterol is very manageable. Ask your doctor to help you create a treatment plan that you could maintain.
It can include modifications to your diet, exercise routine, and other daily habits. It could additionally consist of cholesterol-lowering medications. The more proactive you are in making lifestyle changes and taking prescribed medications, the better outcomes you’ll have. Regular tests and improved lifestyle choices will assist you to avoid heart diseases, if the lipid panel results are not satisfactory, make certain to consult a physician at once.