A swollen finger can have many reasons behind it. It may result from infection, arthritis pain, injury, inflammation, pregnancy, medical issues, and salty food. This condition is also known as edema. This is a common problem you shouldn’t ignore it. Here we have shared some important things about this infected disease. Try these suggestions next time to reduce the swelling.
Swollen finger or injury occurs when any part from the body such as the organs, skin, or muscle gets enlarged. It may also be the result of inflammation or fluid build-up in your body. It generally starts with a small part of swelling. Gradually the swelling increases with time. These problems are easy to treat. But if ignored, it can lead to serious permanent disability or even loss of the finger.
The early recognition and timely treatment of finger infections can help in preventing any serious outcomes.
Quick Facts of a Swollen Finger:
- Most of the swollen finger symptoms are caused due to inflammation.
- The people who have a severe sprain in finger must immediately consult a doctor.
- Mild sprains are easy to manage. And it normally takes about one or two weeks to heal completely.
Early Symptoms of Swollen Finger
If you face the following issues on your finger take the necessary treatment available:
- movement of the finger increases the finger pain
- difficulty to raise, straighten, extend, or turn the finger
Types of Finger Infections
Here are a few serious finger infections that can lead to serious problems.
It is a nail infection that covers the tissue at the edge of the fingernail. This infection is superficial and quite a common bacterial or fungal problem. It mostly occurs on hand fingers.
A felon is a severe infection that occurs on the fingertips pad connected with the soft tissue.
3. Herpetic Whitlow
A herpetic whitlow is caused by an infected virus. This mostly occurs on hand. Often some doctors diagnose this as a paronychia or felon.
The infection might occur on the skin due to underlying tissue and bacterial skin infection. It mostly occurs on lower legs and fingers.
5. Infectious Flexor Tenosynovitis
This is an acute infection that occurs in the flexor tendon sheath. The tendon coverings have a great influence on hand flexibility and movements.
6. Deep Space Infection
The infection gets developed on web spaces in between the fingers, including the tendons, blood vessels, and muscles.
Treatment of Swollen Finger
Getting the right treatment on time will save you from future complications. The treatment will depend on the severity of your condition.
Here are some important steps you can take at home:
1. Apply ice for about 10 to 15 minutes to bring down the swelling. Or soak your finger in cold water for some time until the swelling goes down.
2. Always raise your finger above the chest level.
3. Opt for an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil). It will give you instant relief.
4. While recovering from your swollen finger, avoid the usage of your injured finger.
5. Don’t forget to take care of your finger after you have recovered.
6. Indulge in exercises to recover the strength to your finger.
7. You can use a squeezing tension ball or hold objects in your hand to keep the functionality of your finger going.
Other Treatment Options
1. Use Splinting Method
If your finger looks like it is out of joint then don’t pull it down. You can also opt to place it through the splinting method. A splint is a metal or foam piece. It works as the support to protect your swollen finger. Wrap a splint around your finger and protect it from any further damage. You can wear the splint until it does not hurt. This can range from one to two weeks.
2. Immobilize Injured Finger
You could also protect your injured finger by supporting it from the neighboring finger. Hence, try to keep it in an entangled form. This is known as buddy strapping. The doctor uses a splint to wrap around the finger if you cannot manage to do by yourself.
3. Finger Braces
The finger braces also provide great support to your finger. You can easily buy from a pharmacy or a grocery store. These are easy to use. And it must be applied as instructed.
If you have baseball splint then the finger braces can be best a support device for at least 5 to 7 days. After it, you can apply the buddy tape on the finger until the healing process completes.
A Piece of Advice for You
Immediately consult a doctor if the above-mentioned treatment does not heal your finger. The doctor might suggest surgery depending on your condition. It may be due to a bone fracture or torn ligament. Hence, the right treatment will heal your finger soon.