What Leads To Diabetic Nerve Damage?

High sugar levels and diabetes can damage or injure your nervous system. This condition is also known as neuropathy. Mostly, the Diabetic nerve damage develops in your legs and feet nerves. This is a serious problem that has some more severe consequences on your health. To understand it more, we have shared the symptoms and causes of the disease.

The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy depend on the affected nerve. Also, it varies from person to person. Some may feel pain and unresponsiveness in legs and feet. On the other hand, some may have very mild symptoms.

Diabetic nerve damage can be said as the most serious problem of diabetes. But by taking the right treatment and medications, you can prevent diabetic neuropathy. It also helps to slow down the progress of high blood sugar. Thus, it will be a step towards a healthy lifestyle.

What are the Different Types of Diabetic Nerve Damage?

Research says that up to one-half of people have peripheral neuropathy. While more than 30 percent have autonomic neuropathy.

The most common focal neuropathy is carpal tunnel syndrome. This occurs when your wrist gets compressed.  In general, only 10% of people are affected by this condition. Other focal neuropathies and proximal neuropathy are less popular.

Know more about the kinds of diabetic nerve damage:

Peripheral Neuropathy

This type of peripheral neuropathy is mostly affected in legs and feet. In rare circumstances, it affects arms, abdomen, and back.

Symptoms Comprise of:

  • Scratching
  • Numbness (which can also become permanent)
  • Burning sensation (especially during the evening)
  • Pain

The early symptom might improve if you take precautionary measures. Along with it, you will need to control your blood sugar as well.

Best Treatment Option:

  • Check the mobility of feet and leg
  • Apply lotion on your feet when they’re dry.
  • Protect your toenail and ask your doctor whether they should go to podiatrist or not.
  • Consider wearing a shoe that fits well so that your feet don’t get injured.

Autonomic Neuropathy

The autonomic neuropathy affects the digestive system, mostly the stomach. Along with it, this may also affect the blood vessels, sex organs, and urinary system.

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Symptoms Include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach Bloating
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • Sickness
  • Nausea
  • Stomach feels full even after having a small meal

Best Treatment Option:

Consume small meals and take suggestive medications to treat it.

Proximal Neuropathy

It is a rare type of neuropathy which is also referred to as diabetic amyotrophy. This is mostly affected by men over 50 years. And those men already suffer from type 2 diabetes. The diabetic amyotrophy is mostly caused by the one-side of the body.

The problem is often affected by the hips, buttocks, or thighs. You may even experience it suddenly. And you may also face severe and uncontrollable pain. Weak leg muscles may put pressure on your legs to stand up without proper assistance.

After the symptoms start, it may even get worse. In some situations, many people might also recover within a few years even without proper treatment.

Focal Neuropathy

Focal neuropathy also referred to mononeuropathy. It is responsible for damage to one specific nerve causing weakness in the affected area. Mostly it gets affected on hand, head, torso, or leg. The pain may start suddenly and can be very painful to handle.

This nerve problem may also go within a few weeks or months leaving no injury or damage.

The most common type of focal Neurotherapy is carpal tunnel syndrome which is affected by about 25 percent of people having diabetes.

Symptoms of Focal Neuropathy Include:

  • Tingling in fingers
  • Numbness
  • incompetence to focus
  • dual vision
  • ache at the back of the eye
  • Bell’s palsy (partial face paralysis)
  • Pain in the chest, lower back, pelvic region, chest, foot, lower leg, or toe

Hence, if you have diabetes, then you must keep a check of the above types of nerve damage. The risk of these problems increases with age.

Causes of Diabetic Nerve Damage

There is no one reason that leads to diabetic nerve damage. Every person has different reasons and different kinds of neuropathy (as discussed above). But here are a few serious consequences:

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1. Uncontrollable Body Sugar  

Diabetic Nerve Damage

The exact reason for Neurotherapy may differ from a different type of neuropathy. Many researchers have this belief that uncontrolled body sugar can lead to many health issues. It includes damage to nerves and the ability to send signals. This condition results in diabetic neuropathy. Also, because of high sugar levels in the blood, it may weaken the small blood vessels. It is responsible to supply the nerves with oxygen and nutrients.

2. Swelling in the Nerves

The inflammation or swelling in the nerve is caused by the autoimmune response.

3. Due to Past Family Records

A genetic factor is also a reason why many suffer from nerve damage. If any of your family members or a past family member has been related to nerve damage then you may likely have chances to get it.

4. Smoking and Alcohol Exploitation

These bad habits may also have a bad effect on nerves. Hence, it can damage both your nerves and blood vessels. This may also develop the risk of infection.

So, if you have diabetes then you must be aware of the early sign of nerve damage. Also, if you have any of the early symptoms of diabetic nerve damage then you must immediately consult your doctor for the right treatment.


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