What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a serious condition, mostly occurs duirng adolescence. If you are newly diagnosed with it, do not panic.  With the right approach and support, you can improve your condition. Basically, this type of diabetes is a chronic condition. In this state, the pancreas produces less or no insulin. To know more about this disease and its effects, read the post ahead.

It occurs when a person’s immune system damages beta cells in the pancreas that makes insulin. A human body needs a good amount of insulin. This is because the pancreas releases sugar or glucose in the body. Insulin acts as a hormone when cells need to use it as fuel.

This is a rare type of diabetes. It is found only in 5% of the people. Generally, it attacks white skin people more than in African-Americans. But it affects men and women equally. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age. But generally, it affects people under the age of 20.

Complications of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes cannot be ignored. Because of little or no insulin in the body, glucose doesn’t travel to the cells. Instead, it travels into your blood thereby leaving your cells to starve. This issue can lead to high blood sugar. Hence, it can cause other health problems.

Other Health Problems

The high glucose in your blood can harm the nerves and can affect your eyes, kidneys, and heart. Sometimes, it can even harden your arteries or atherosclerosis that can lead to the risk of heart attacks and stroke.

Dehydration

When the extra sugar is in your blood, you feel the need to pee more. This is when your body releases a large amount of water through urine. It can even lead to dehydration and weight loss. The glucose that releases when you pee takes the calories along with making people dehydrated.

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)

If your body breaks down the fat cells, it is because it can’t have enough glucose. This will create some chemicals in your body called ketones. If not treated on time, it can even be life-threatening and causes dehydration like “ketoacidosis”.

Kidney damage (nephropathy)

The kidneys include the millions of tiny blood vessels collection that filter the waste from your blood. Diabetes can damage the delicate filtering system and might affect your kidney that requires dialysis or a transplant.

Eye damage

Type 1 diabetes can even lead to damage to the blood vessels of the retina. This can further make you blind and raises the risk of cataracts and glaucoma.

What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?

Doctors can’t tell you the exact reason what leads to type 1 diabetes but they know that genes play an important role.

This type of diabetes can even occur when a virus travels to your pancreas. Anyone who has this disease may have a sign of attack refer as autoantibodies when blood sugar is high.

This diabetes can occur with other autoimmune diseases such as vitiligo or Grave’s disease.

What Are the Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes differ from severe to subtle. The signs may include:

  • Excessive feeling of thirst
  • Feel more hungry (even after having a meal
  • Dryness around mouth
  • The feeling of Nausea and vomiting
  • Belly pain
  • More urination
  • Sudden weight loss (even after having a healthy meal)
  • Fatigue (tired and weak feeling)
  • Blurry and hazy vision
  • Difficult breathing problems(doctor calls this problem as Kussmaul respiration)
  • Infection of the skin, urinary tract, or vagina

The emergency signs are:

  • Confusion and Shaking problem
  • Increased breathing
  • Fruity smell to your breath
  • Pain in your belly
  • Loss of consciousness

Prevention and Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

There is no one way to reduce and prevent the type 1 disease. The researchers are working on finding ways to prevent it from further destruction of islet cells.

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You can ask your doctor whether they need any eligible clinical trials or not. Weigh the risk and benefits of any treatment.

Insulin injections are also the best way to control the levels of sugar in the blood. Studies have shown that by giving three or four insulin injections, you can prevent the complications caused by diabetes.

The following types of insulin are available:

  • Rapid-action works for about 15 minutes. And peak around for 1 hour after taking the injection for 2 to 4 hours.
  • The short-action or regular acting works for about 30 minutes. And ranges from 2 and 3 hours.
  • The Intermediate-action will not exceed in the bloodstream after injection for 2 to 4 hours. The peak may range from 4 to 12 hours. And it works for around 12 to 18 hours.
  • The Long-action can take several hours to reach into the system. And it lasts for about 24 hours.

Thus, now you can clearly see that diabetes is a serious health issue. And it can arise many other health problems. Anyone who has this disease can take the above treatments and insulin injections to control it.

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