What are triglyceride?

Key points covered in this article

Introduction of triglycerides

What are triglycerides?

What is the structure and levels of Triglycerides?

Triglycerides functions?

Introduction of triglyceride

Triglycerides are a type of fat (lipid) found in your blood. While you eat, your body converts any calories it doesn’t need to use right away into triglycerides. The triglycerides are stored in your fat cells. Later, hormones release triglycerides for energy between meals.

In case you regularly consume more calories than you burn, specifically “easy” calories like carbohydrates and fat, you could have high triglycerides (hypertriglyceridemia). Triglycerides are also found in foods such as meats, dairy products, and cooking oils. The fat which the human body stores in tissues is also comprised of triglycerides. Those eaten in foods are absorbed in the intestines and transported in the bloodstream to tissues where they’re stored as fat or used to provide energy. Triglycerides are also made in the liver.

As an instance, when more calories are consumed than your body requires, the liver forms triglycerides that are then stored as fat. People with high triglycerides often have low HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol). People with diabetes can also have high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol. A healthy triglyceride level is less than 150 mg/dL.

What is triglyceride?

Triglycerides are chemical substances, which might be present inside the body and certain foods. In the body, they are present inside the blood plasma in the form of VLDL (Very low-density lipoproteins) to be transported for storage in the fat cells or to be used by the cells throughout the body. Along with cholesterol, they form the lipid profile or the lipid panel of the blood.

Most of the fat stored in the human body is in the form of triglycerides. Testing for levels of triglycerides is done by a blood test known as the lipid profile or the lipid panel, which is performed on a person or patient who has been fasting for 9 to 12 hours. Besides triglycerides, it is also testing for total cholesterol, HDL, and LDL.  You get the complete picture of the level of the lipids in your blood. Though they are seen about as bad for health by the general population, they do perform certain important functions within the body.

But, it is their high levels in the blood which could cause serious complications. Because of their functions, a normal intake of triglycerides via diet is required. Keep away from excessive consumption of foods which might be rich in saturated fat. This will keep the blood numbers within the normal limits and you, out of the danger zone.

What are Triglycerides functions, structure, and levels?

Triglycerides are the most common type of fats in the body. Their structure and properties, related to their functions; also, it’s structure is to help them perform their valuable functions in living organisms.

Triglycerides also called triacylglycerol (TAG), and their chemical structure consists of a long chain of one molecule of alcohol glycerol attached to three building blocks consisting of three molecules of fatty acids through ester bonds.Glycerol forms the backbone of the triglyceride molecule and the three fatty acids from the “tri” of triglycerides.The structure of each of the three fatty acids within a single triglyceride molecule often differs, but they are all long chains of carbon atoms with bonded hydrogen.


It is the number of hydrogen atoms in each fatty acid that determines the physical properties of the triglyceride. Triglycerides – an important source of metabolic water due to the fact that triglyceride molecules yield water on getting oxidize. This is particularly helpful in desert animals such as the camel. Even migratory birds rely on metabolic water while flying nonstop over long distances.

The good information is that there’s a lot that you can do on your own to lower triglycerides and improve health.First, find out if your triglycerides are high. Then, find out what to do about it.

Here are the levels, based on a fasting blood test:-

  • Normal: Less than 150 mg/dL
  • Borderline: 150 to 199 mg/dL
  • High: 200 to 499 mg/dL
  • Very High: 500 mg/dL or above

Although finding out that you have high triglycerides might be upsetting, there’s a lot you can do on your own to lower them. Making changes to your lifestyle can have a dramatic benefit.

Triglycerides functions?

As soon as the triglycerides are in the bloodstream, the adipose tissue store it inside to use it for energy production when the body requires it. Secondly, cells also utilize them. They move on the surface of the tissue cells throughout the body. But, triglycerides cannot pass thru the cell membrane (outer covering of the cell) freely.

To facilitate this entry, special enzymes – the wall of the blood vessels thereby release lipase lipoproteins, which break down triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acids. Fatty acids, then taken up by the cells through the fatty acid transporter (fat, in short). Saturated fatty acid tails, all single bond carbons, which mean that for every carbon there are two hydrogen and two carbons attached.


These are the fatty acids that are solid at room temperature and increase your cholesterol and risk of heart problems.Unsaturated fatty acids tails have at least one double bond. Those with one double bond, are monounsaturated and those with more, are polyunsaturated fatty acids. Unsaturated fatty acids are liquid at room temperature and promote the health of your heart.


Triglycerides are chemical compounds, which are present in the body and certain foods. In the body, they are present in the blood plasma in the form of VLDL (Very low-density lipoproteins), transported for storage in the fat cells or the cells utilize it throughout the body.If your triglycerides are high, you and your doctor can decide on a treatment plan and you can make a few simple but effective changes to your lifestyle.

Doctor, usually check for high triglycerides as part of a cholesterol test (sometimes called a lipid panel or lipid profile). Fast for nine to 12 hours mandatory, before blood drawning process, for an accurate triglyceride measurement.If your doctor prescribes medication to lower your triglycerides, take the medication as prescribed. And remember the significance of the healthy lifestyle changes you’ve made.

Medications can help but lifestyle matters, too. As with all lipid disorders, diet and lifestyle measures are the cornerstones of treatment. Triglycerides tend to be very responsive to changes in diet and health behaviors. When you talk to your doctor, discuss all of the medicines, supplements, and vitamins you take. Some common drugs like beta-blockers, birth control pills, and diuretics can cause high triglycerides as a side effect.

It’s possible, one of them could be causing your problem. Overall, indeed remembering, that improving diet and lifestyle will lower triglycerides and lower risk of heart and blood vessel problems.

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