To understand the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, you first need to understand what hyperthyroidism is all about. It is also known as an overactive thyroid. The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland found in the front-side of the neck. In the hyperthyroidism condition, the gland produces more hormones than your body needs.
Thyroid hormones are mainly responsible for the way your body uses energy. So they directly or indirectly affect almost every organ, including your heartbeats. Hyperthyroidism should not be left untreated. It can cause serious problems. It includes the menstrual cycle, fertility issues, heart or bone problems, and much more.
Now that we know what hyperthyroidism is? Let us take a look at the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
Patients who have hyperthyroidism may have some of the following symptoms:
- Difficulty in falling asleep
- Increased sweating
- Heart palpitations
- Change in appetite
- Diarrhea or frequent bowel movement
- Missed or light menstrual period
- Intolerance to heat
- Weakness in muscles
- Mental disturbances
- Problems with fertility
- Sudden paralysis
- Shortness of breath
- Shaking hands or tremors
- Thinning of hair and brittle hair
- Hives and itchiness
- Weight loss
- Increase in blood sugar
In some of the cases, Grave’s disease is the underlying cause of hyperthyroidism.
Causes of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism can have many causes like thyroiditis, thyroid nodules, inflammation of the thyroid, etc. In very rare cases, hyperthyroidism is also caused by a non-cancerous tumor of the pituitary gland. If you consume too much iodine, then it can make your thyroid hormones shoot up as well.
It is one of the most common causes of hyperthyroidism. The Grave’s disorder is an autoimmune disorder. The immune system takes thyroid as an enemy and attacks it. The attack causes the thyroid gland to over-produce the thyroid hormone.
This problem occurs when the thyroid gets inflamed. This causes the thyroid hormone to leak out of the gland. The hyperthyroidism can last up to 3 months. After three months, it becomes underactive and goes into hypothyroidism. It can last you about 12-18 months, but in some cases, it could be permanent.
Overactive Thyroid Nodules
They are lumps in your throat that are usually benign. Benign means that they are not cancerous. However, these nodules can become overactive. Hence, it produces too much thyroid hormone. However, this condition mostly occurs in older adults.
Too much Iodine
Iodine is used to make thyroid hormone. So if you consume a lot of iodine, it will affect thyroid hormone production. In some cases, over-consumption of iodine has caused the thyroid to produce too much hormone.
Too much Thyroid Medicine
If a patient is not well-informed about the dosage of the medicine that he should consume, he could go overboard. This is why it is important to go see your doctor regularly. The doctor will make any changes necessary in the dosage of the medicine. There are some other medicines also that could raise the hormone levels.
The good news is that there are many treatment options when it comes to hyperthyroidism. Mostly in the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, doctors prescribe regular medicines. However, in some cases, radioiodine therapy and thyroid surgery are also good options.
The main aim of all these treatments is to bring back the hormone levels in the normal range. Thyroid levels being in the normal range will help prevent long-term health problems. Thus, it relieves uncomfortable symptoms. The symptoms might vary from one person to another. Therefore, the same treatment will not work for everyone.
The treatment depends on the cause of hyperthyroidism. And also it depends on the condition of mild or severe it is. Your doctor will consider your age, sex, possible allergies, and other conditions like heart problems or even pregnancies.
It is often difficult to look out for symptoms of hyperthyroidism. It is so because the symptoms like fatigue, diarrhea, or muscle weakness could be passed off as normal issues. If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms without cause, see a doctor.
If left untreated, it could lead to serious problems. In most of the cases, the doctors prescribe a medicine that you have to take in the morning. It is important that you keep visiting the doctor even after the medicine has been prescribed.
In some cases, it takes more than one attempt to land on the correct dosage. If you take a dosage that is high for you, it could cause more problems. And if the dosage is lower than what you need, it will not help you out. Share all your concerns and worries with your doctor.
Getting diagnosed with any problem can come as a shock. It can leave you confused and worried if you do not know what the condition means. Keeping yourself well-informed would help you take care of the problem well.