Symptoms of Colon Cancer are not easily noticed at the initial stage. Also, the symptoms changes with the size of the lump. It is started with the formation of clumps of cells termed as polyps. If it is left untreated, it can affect other body organs as well. Colon cancer is basically cancer-related to colon problems. It is an organ located at the bottom of the digestive pipe. Further, the development of colon cancer increases with age as well. People exceeding 50 years of age are advised on a regular check-up. Not only older people, but it can also target people of every age. Colon cancer is popular in the U.S. due to the consumption of unhealthy food. Most of the people are suffering from colon cancer.
Stages of Colon Cancer
The growth of Colon Cancer can be explained in four different stages. In the first stage, the colon’s inner layer is affected. During this stage, the body does not show any noticeable signs. In the next two stages, cancer starts to spread in the colon and other parts of the body. If it is not diagnosed or treated during these stages, it can reach the final (4th) stage. Stage 4 is the advanced and deepest stage. In this stage, cancer spreads to the remaining parts of the body through blood. As a result, different body organs like lungs and liver are damaged.
According to the stages of cancer, the symptoms may be different.
Stage 1 Symptoms of Colon Cancer:
This is the beginning of cancer. As mentioned, only the inner layer of the colon is affected. In stage 1, the body does not show any significant changes. Once the damage to the colon is more, the outcomes are more visible.
- One may notice the change in the bowel movements. In a healthy person, the bowel movements vary from 3 times/day to 3 times/week. If the movement is even lower than this, it may cause constipation. In this case, the stool becomes hard and dry. Also, the stool may be hard to expel out.
- Sometimes, bleeding may occur with stool. This is due to the reason that the colon is damaged. Hence, a person feels difficulty in taking the stool out. Rubbing with the surface, the bleeding may be noticed.
Stage 2 Symptoms of Colon Cancer:
- The person experiences pain in the stomach with discomfort. The cramps in the stomach can be noticed. Also, one may feel the desire to go to the toilet multiple times.
- As we know stool rubs the inner layer of the colon. Hence some parts of it may remain inside. This further creates discomfort. A person suffering from cancer has a feeling of non-empty bowel.
- Due to the lowered bowel movements, one may feel fatigued and tiredness.
- The non-empty stomach can make people lose appetite. Due to this reason, a person starts to experience a sudden drop in weight.
- Along with dry and hard stool, change in shape and color may be seen. Visibly the stool becomes dark in color. Also, it may appear narrow.
- As a consequence of losing appetite, a person may experience gas in the stomach. Due to this, several other problems are an experience like a headache.
Stage 3 Symptoms of Colon Cancer:
As compared to the first two stages, the symptoms are more visible at later stages. Along with the above said symptoms of earlier stages, other symptoms may arise.
- One may experience excessive fatigue. The need for sleeping is felt all day. Also, this may lead to a sleeping disorder.
- A person may get weaker day by day. Even without performing any physical activity, the person may get weak. This is followed by fever.
- As we have mentioned that one may lose appetite. Further, even if a person continues to eat more, weight loss is continued.
Stage 4 Symptoms of Colon Cancer:
- Usually, reduced bowel movement for some days does not create any harm. The change in the bowel movement can continue even for a month. This may create strain in regular life.
- In an attempt to eat extra food, the food starts to come from the mouth. In a severe case, a person may face problems like nausea and vomiting.
- The feeling of non-empty bowel sustains.
- The more serious case involves pelvic pain. This happens in the later stages.
Severe Conditions of Colon Cancer Lead to:
- Jaundice (skin and eyes of the patient may appear yellow)
- Swelling in different parts of the body may be noticed. More specifically, hands and feet are more targeted.
- Asthma-related problems may arise. It creates difficulty in breathing.
- Serve headache may be experienced. The reason for the headache is not clear.
- In some cases, people tend to lose vision. The vision loss may be related to one or both the eyes. The loss may be partial or complete. Hence, it may lead to blindness.
- Bone Fracture.
One should change their food habits. Thus, include more water-based and fibrous food in your diet. Food with low fat dies like more vegetables and fruits are great. Also, seek the doctor’s help on time. Do not wait for the 3rd or 4th stages. It will even cause a risk for the patient suffering from colon cancer to react to medications well.