Hypothyroidism is when your thyroid gland is not producing enough hormones. Hence, it is essential that you know the symptoms of hypothyroid. This will help you in diagnosing yourself or a loved one. However, the symptoms are not evident in the initial stages of hypothyroid.
It is crucial that you seek treatment for the condition. If left untreated, it could cause many health issues. Some of the health issues may include obesity, heart issues, infertility, etc. You can prevent this from happening by knowing the symptoms.
Symptoms of Hypothyroid
Here are few common signs and symptoms that you can look out for.
Unexplained weight gain is one of the most common symptoms of hypothyroid. When the thyroid levels drop, they change modes. Instead of using the calories for activity and growth, your metabolic rate decreases. The body then stores more calories. As a result, it makes you gain weight.
Ache and Weakness in Joints and Muscles
When the thyroid production is low, it can switch toward catabolism. This is when the body starts to break down tissues to use as energy. During this, the muscle strength decreases. Thus, this leads to weakness and body ache.
Itchy and Dry Skin
The skin and hair cells are affected by rapid turnover. This can cause the thyroid hormone to lose growth signals. The skin also tends to take longer to shed. In hypothyroidism, the outer layer of the skin lasts longer than it should. It can make your skin appear flaky and itchy.
Feeling Low or Depressed
Hypothyroid is often linked to depression. Although the cause is not yet known, it is related to low energy levels and health. The feeling of depression is so common in people these days. However, anxiety is faced by a small percentage of them. Taking the prescribed medicine may help to improve this symptom of hypothyroid.
Trouble Remembering or Concentrating
Patients of hypothyroidism often complain of mental ‘fogginess.’ They also seem to have trouble concentrating. The symptoms may vary from one another. Although anyone could have difficulty in remembering stuff, if the symptoms are severe, you should see a doctor.
Irregular or Heavy Period
You may have an irregular or heavy period due to many reasons. But one of those reasons can be hypothyroidism. In a study, about 30% of the women who had hypothyroidism had an irregular or heavy period. Thyroid hormones interact with hormones that control menses and may disrupt their signals. Thyroid hormones can even affect the uterus and ovaries.
Low levels of thyroid can cause bowel trouble in some people. If you experience constipation from time to time, then there is probably nothing to worry about. You can try to take some laxatives and you should be fine. Constipation is not a symptom that occurs alone in hypothyroidism. If it is accompanied by other symptoms, then you may want to get it checked out.
Hair cells, like every other cell, are regulated by the thyroid hormone. Since the hair follicles have stem cells, they have a shorter lifespan. And it has a rapid turnover. The hair follicles are more sensitive to low levels of thyroid than other tissues are. Low levels can stop the hair follicles from regenerating, which can cause hair loss. This symptom of hypothyroid may be taken care of with medicine.
Heat is a byproduct of burning calories. Patients of hypothyroidism often feel colder than others do. In hypothyroidism, your metabolic rate drops, this reduces the amount of heat that your body generates. Thyroid hormones also interfere with brown fat. It is brown fat’s job to maintain body temperature in cold weather. But the hormones stop it from doing the job.
Feeling Exhausted or Tired
One of the common symptoms of hypothyroidism is feeling tired. The thyroid hormone is in charge of controlling the energy. It can make you feel like you need to rest or take a nap. In some cases, patients have slept for long hours and still felt tired. Although it is normal to feel exhausted sometimes, if the symptom persists, you should see a doctor.
Some patients also feel nervous and jittery. You have to know that the symptoms and the intensity vary from one person to another. You can be sure of it only after taking a thyroid profile test. Just observe your symptoms before you visit the doctor. Thus, you will able to paint an accurate picture.
Always lookout for the Symptoms
Thyroid-related issues are pretty common these days. Although there is no cure to it yet, it is quite manageable. You need to adjust your lifestyle a little and take care of your diet. The doctor may have to tweak the dosage a few times to get the right one for you. You will have to be a little patient in the beginning.
Although no one wants to take medicine, it will help a lot in controlling the symptoms. This will, in return, help you lead a normal and happy life. Take the medicines on time. It will also help to prevent all the side-effects of untreated hypothyroidism.