Once the cold harsh winter winds approach, it brings along many diseases. One thing everyone hates is falling sick. It weakens your immune system. And then makes you feel tired to do anything. As a result, it takes many days to get better, etc.
Let us look at the top 5 diseases that spread in winter. Also, learn how you can save yourself from these diseases.
Norovirus is also known as the winter vomiting bug. It is a highly infectious stomach bug that induces vomiting. This can strike you all around the year. But it mostly knocks you out especially in winter. It is most commonly found in hospitals, schools, nursing homes, hotels, etc. This is because there are already infected people moving around the premises. And the chances of the infection spreading increases with higher risk.
This disease is quite unpleasant. Hence, it is short-lived. If you have caught the bug, then it is important to keep yourself hydrated. Therefore, drink plenty of water to replace the lost fluid. Young children and the elderly are at a higher risk of dehydration. Hence, they need more care.
The cold or the common cold is a viral infection. It is most likely caused by cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, etc. This is sometimes accompanied by a low-grade fever as well. Colds can be caused by different types of viruses throughout the year. But, they are more prevalent in winters.
You can take precautions in simple steps. Always wash your hands regularly, carry a hand sanitizer, and do not touch your face with unclean hands. This is how the infection is transferred from the hands to the face. As a result of which you fall sick.
Flu is also known as influenza. Anyone can be affected by the flu very easily. Some of the symptoms include headache, sore throat, muscle ache pain, cough, high fever, etc. This painful flu can last up to five days. It is dangerous for those who have been sick for a long time. It can also negatively affect pregnant ladies. Under certain circumstances, flu along with kidney disease, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), etc pose an increased risk.
One of the best ways to ensure the safety of your loved ones is by getting influenza shots each year. There are also medicines available, especially for young children. But you can also use it through an increased dose.
Unlike other winter diseases, pneumonia is a bacterial infection. It is present in many forms. Hence, there is no one particular way in which it may affect you. Sometimes it can begin as a simple cold. But it continues to worsen with time. Sometimes, it may seem like the infection is going away. But, it relapses and the person falls sick all over again. If the person has been sick for a while and then suddenly develops a high fever, consult a doctor. It might be a sign of pneumonia. In most cases, pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics.
Bronchiolitis is one of the common types of respiratory infections. Some of the symptoms include wheezing, nasal congestion, cough, low-grade fever, etc. Usually, the cause of bronchiolitis stems down to the virus RSV. However, there are other viruses as well that may cause bronchitis.
It starts with a cold and develops into something more serious over time. Hence, it can lead to wheezing and other breathing problems. It could even lead to dehydration, which can be dangerous. Bronchiolitis can develop further and get worse as time passes by. If you notice these symptoms in anyone, it is vital that they get themselves tested.
Precautions can be taken through Food
Follow these precautions to prevent yourselves from various winter diseases. The following tips will help you have better immunity.
Enjoy Seasonal Fruits and Vegetables
Winter season offers you various delicious and nutritious fruits and vegetables. You can go for mandarins, kiwifruit, grapefruit, and oranges among others. You can try adding some of these fruits to your breakfast. And have a healthy start to your day.
Drink Hot Tea
Hot liquids in winters are so much more attractive. Did you know that black and green tea have chemicals that are rich in antioxidant effects? A study revealed that people who consume tea regularly have healthier blood vessels. They also have a lower chance of developing heart diseases.
Eat More Fiber
Oats, apple, and nuts have soluble fiber. These are really helpful in decreasing inflammation. They also help boost your immune system, which makes you fall sick less often. Soluble fiber is also known to help manage diabetes and cholesterol levels.
It is very easy to fall sick in winter. But, these preventive measures have been proven to help keep diseases at bay.