Overview of thyroid and its functions
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland which is located at the front of the neck just immediately below Adam’s apple. It is mainly responsible for the secretion of several thyroid hormones which further regulates various body processes like body temperature, digestion and all metabolic processes of the body. Thyroid gland mainly produces two main hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) whereas thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is produced by the pituitary gland, and it controls the amount of other two hormones.
How is the thyroid testing done?
Testing of thyroid involves several traditional tests like T3, T4, TSH, besides other advanced testing options available nowadays. The imbalance of T3 and T4 mainly leads to two main conditions of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Both have a different set of symptoms and if you see any of them in yourself then it is better to get the tests done for further evaluation of disorder.
Previously, people usually do not prefer to get the tests done until they are hospitalized or suffer some any serious illness. But nowadays with expanding knowledge and awareness everyone wants to be healthy and getting the tests done has even become hassle-free with online lab testing options and home collection of samples. So get your tests done to know your thyroid numbers.
Few reasons to get thyroid test, done at regular intervals:
Energy issues can be mainly because of thyroid disorder although there are many available reasons for it. However, starting to check with thyroid numbers is better since it has a control over energy utilization systems of the body. If you sleep more than 9 hours a day and still feel tired than this possibly is because of some unidentified thyroid issues which need an early diagnosis, to begin with, treatment and make you feel better.
Constipation or bloating which has no reason and does not go away ever making you feel heavy at stomach is a sign you might be experiencing some thyroid disorder. Since thyroid gland controls the bowel functioning. So any abnormal thyroid numbers might mess up your bowel system entirely.
Skin and hair problems:
Hypothyroidism causes hair problems like brittle, coarse, dry hair, along with thinning and hair loss. It is a belief of doctors that losing up to 100 hairs a day is normal, however more than that is a sign of some disorder or hormone imbalance. Skin also becomes coarse, dry, and scaly. In hypothyroidism, there is usually an unusual loss of hair especially of outer edges of eyebrows. Also, in case of hyperthyroidism, severe hair loss bound to happen along with skin becoming fragile and thin.
Depression and anxiety:
Thyroid disorder might cause depression or anxiety including even sudden onset of panic attacks. Since moods, also controlled by the thyroid gland. Many factors, cause mood disorders or depression or anxiety and thyroid disorders, the first one, evaluated for it. Hypothyroidism has its main connection with depression, while hyperthyroidism, found to have its association with anxiety or panic attacks. Depression which does not gets, cured with any anti-depressant therapy, a probable sign of an underlying thyroid disorder.
Menstrual irregularities along with fertility issues:
Our hormones, connected in a mysterious way. If one of the hormones gets, imbalanced then its effects, slowly seen over others in a span of time. So, any abnormal observation regarding your periods which is unusual as per your body and is going on for a while needs, care of since it, might be an indication of a disease. In general terms, heavy flow or more frequent periods along with extreme pain are at times, associated with hypothyroidism as well. While shorter or very light periods along with infrequent menstruation, linked with hyperthyroidism. Infertility issues might also happen because of undiagnosed thyroid conditions.
Visible symptoms of the thyroid:
If you observe any swelling of the neck which has no reason and does not go away for a long period of time then probably it is because of goiter and needs thyroid test on an immediate basis to confirm a diagnosis and begin with the treatment. Do not ignore any symptoms of thyroid once you see it go for Thyroid Test at the earliest without any further delay.
Palpitations or irregular heartbeats:
If you feel anything in particular in regard to your heart then seek for your physician’s advice immediately. Thyroid disorders affect the heart and nobody knows how each body reacts towards a symptom since there is no specific principle for it to follow.
History of the thyroid:
If you, aware that this disease runs as hereditary in your family or any other type of autoimmune diseases even involving type 1 diabetes then you, must plan to get the thyroid test, done soon. To simple assure your health is fine and in case if it is not then an early diagnosis of disease, tackle it soon without making it turn into complications and affecting other organs.
High cholesterol levels:
The cholesterol levels in the body are also, affected by thyroid disorders. In case your cholesterol numbers are already high then consider getting a thyroid test since it might be one of the underlying causes for that.
Osteoporosis or muscle troubles:
Thyroid affects the bones and the muscle strength in major ways so if you already have any of it. Then getting a thyroid test is, known if that, can be causing osteoporosis or any muscle weakness issues.
The thyroid gland in the body controls various body functions. So, any abruption in connection with these, taken seriously and, it is always better to get the test, done even if the condition is not there. However, our healthy lifestyle also contributes a lot in preventing thyroid issues. So always consider a balanced diet along with proper exercise to keep your body fit and fine.