Currently, there’s no proven prevention for prostate cancer. But still, with the help of some remedies, you can reduce the risk of this cancer. Prostate cancer is not unusual cancer. But it is the most common cancer found in men. To treat the risk of cancer, start eating healthy and exercise daily. Also, read below to know more about how to prevent prostate cancer. If the cancer is detected early, then there are better chances to prevent it.
What is Prostate Cancer?
It occurs in the prostate gland (shaped like a walnut) that produces seminal fluid. This gland helps in nourishing and transporting the sperm. The record says that more than 47,500 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. This means around 129 men get it every day.
The prostate in men grows slowly. And it is mostly confined to the prostate gland in its initial stage. In some cases, it may grow too slow that it doesn’t require any treatment. And, in other cases, when it is too aggressive, it can spread very quickly. Read below some best suggestive ways to prevent prostate cancer.
Choose a Healthy Diet to Control the Risk of the Cancer
A diet, low in fat and full of fruits may help in controlling the risk of this deadly disease. But, few researchers feel differently about some food items. Check below best diet to consider:
Opt for a Low-fat Diet
Make a good choice of foods you eat. Include meats, nuts, oils and dairy products like cheese and milk. Studies have also found that men who ate food that contain the highest amount of fat increase the risk of prostate cancer. But, this doesn’t justify that fats cause prostate cancer.
Consume more of Fruits and Vegetables
The increased amount of fruit and vegetable in your diet helps in reducing the risk of prostate cancer. Researchers are still searching for a nutrient that could support in reducing your risk.
Diminish the Intake of Dairy Products
Dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt contain the highest risk of cancer. If you diminish its intake, you can prevent prostate cancer risk. But some studies found that the risk associated with dairy products is small. Hence, the results were not certain.
A serious coffee habit can be beneficial. And it is linked to preventing prostate cancer. This was even proved in a 2014 clinical study. The study found that four to five cups of coffee daily can lower the chances of deadly prostate cancer.
Maintain a Healthy Weight to Prevent Prostate Cancer
Obese men with body mass index (BMI) of over 30 may be under risk of prostate cancer. If you feel that you fall into this category then you need to work on losing your weight. Make a schedule and reduce the number of calories each day. Thus, increase your physical activity or exercise.
Many men who smoke are also under the threat of prostate cancer. Smokers may often have a recurrence of this disease as compared to those who had quit smoking. Studies have found that those who have not smoked for 10 years are under the same risk as those who never smoked.
Preventive Check-ups to Detect Prostate Cancer at Early Stage
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test detects prostate cancer. It can help in identifying the level of PSA present in the blood. If you have higher levels of PSA in the blood, then you are under the risk of prostate cancer. But this is not the case all the time. The PSA level may also show high readings in the following cases:
- Some types of medical procedures.
- Few medications.
- An inflamed or enlarged prostate.
- An infection in the prostate gland.
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
This test uses a quick and easy method to prevent prostate cancer. During the test, the doctor injects a gloved, greased finger into the rectum of the person. It is done to know whether there is any bump or hard area. If it is found then the person might have prostate cancer.
The bump can be noticed just in front of the rectum. And the doctors can feel it during the rectal exam.
The test can be uncomfortable for those men who have hemorrhoids. Still, this test is easy to manage. And it can be done in a short time without causing much pain.
Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS)
This test is similar to DRE. But it is more time taking and complicated. In this test, a small probe of the width size of a finger is inserted in your rectum. The doctor receives sound waves that enter the prostate and create echoes. The probe picks up the echoes and displays the image into the computer screen. This technique is used during the test.
The whole process can be completed within 10 minutes. This test is not as painful as the doctor will numb that area. Hence, you will feel very little pressure.
TRUS test is performed in the following conditions:
- The test is done on those who have suspicious results in the prostate. And have abnormal DRE or PSA test results.
- Used during prostate biopsy to supervise the needles to get into the correct area of the prostate.
- Measures the right size of the prostate gland. Hence, it determines the PSA density(which describes the screening test to prevent prostate cancer).
- Guides some types of treatment including brachytherapy or cryotherapy.
Talk to your Doctor about your Risk
Thus, the only way to prevent prostate cancer is to be alert in what you do. Also, do not forget to follow the above preventive check-up discussed. Therefore, consult the doctor and get the treatment at the right time.