Polycystic Kidney Disease or PKD is caused by a problem with your genes. This disease occurs when cysts grow inside the kidneys. These cysts make the kidneys larger than they should be and damages the tissue that the kidneys are made of. Polycystic Kidney Disease also causes chronic kidney disease or CKD which can lead to kidney failure or end-stage renal disease or better known as ESRD. PKD can also cause other complications or problems such as high blood pressure, cysts in the liver and problems with blood vessels in your brain and heart.
Polycystic Kidney Disease is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure —
There are two types of PKD: autosomal dominant Polycystic kidney diseaseand autosomal recessive PKD and these cause cysts in the kidneys. The autosomal dominant is often called ‘adult PKD’ because people with this type of disease do not show any symptoms until they are 30 and 50 years old.
Autosomal recessive PKD causes cysts to grow in both the kidneys and the liver. This type of disease is often called infantile PKD because babies can show signs of the disease in their first few months of life or even before they are born.
Acquired cystic kidney disease usually occurs late in life. This disease usually develops in people who already have kidney problems. Its more c
When does PKD happen?
Polycystic Kidney disease is almost always inherited from a parent or blood relative, irrespective of genders, ages, races and nationalities can have Polycystic kidney disease. If you carry the gene that causes Polycystic kidney disease but you do not have the disease you are called a carrier. This is possible with autosomal recessive Polycystic kidney disease.
How to prevent PKD?
There is no option or way to prevent either form of PKD. If you are detected with Polycystic kidney disease you may be able to keep your kidneys working longer by following a healthy lifestyle. Some of the tips for living a healthy lifestyle include:
- Keep a healthy blood pressure
- Keep a check on your blood sugar level
- Follow a low-salt, low fat diet.
Do not smoke or use any tobacco product —
Quit it now if you are used to smoking or chewing a tobacco.
- Follow your prescription that the doctor has given you or recommended to you
- Do not take more than the recommended dose or buy over-the-counter medicines.
- Make changes in your lifestyle by being active for 30 minutes by going for a walk or any such small activity to keep your body functioning.
- Being overweight makes your kidneys work harder. Losing weight helps protect your kidneys.
Get enough sleep for about 7 to 8 hours for each night —
Getting sleep is important for your health and keeps your mind calm. Sleep is important for your overall health as it also manages blood sugar and blood glucose or blood sugar.
Changes in your diet –
people with any kind of kidney disease or PKD should talk with a dietician about which foods and drinks to include in their daily healthy eating plan and also about those foods which can be harmful.
- Staying hydrated is another way of keeping kidney diseases at bay. Drinking the right amount of fluid may help slow PKDs progress towards kidney failure.
Quit smoking –
smoking can raise your blood pressure, making your kidney’s damage worse. Quitting smoking may also help you meet your blood pressure goals; which is good for your kidneys and also helps you meet your blood pressure goals. This is good for your kidneys and also lowers the chances of having a heart attack or a stroke.