Pneumonia: Its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Pneumonia is one of the major causes of death among children across the world. However, the lack of environmental concern and inadequate nutrition are still a cause of worry. It is generally caused by germs which tend to infect the lungs of an individual. These germs arise from a variety of section of the microorganisms’ life, including bacteria and fungi. Inhalation of foreign material is also a minor cause for the spread of Pneumonia.

The germs that tend to get inside the body travels through the lungs. This causes inflammation in the air sacs and the area gets overflowed with liquid. Thus it leads to pneumonia and the various symptoms which are associated with it.

Individuals Who are Prone to Suffer from Pneumonia:

  • Small babies who are younger than 2 years
  • Adults who have crossed 60 years of age
  • GERD intake patients
  • Patients suffering from influenza or cold
  • People with a lack of nutrition in their body
  • Whose immune system lacks the desirable strength to fight disease
  • Those who consume a heavy dose of drugs or an alcoholic person
  • Individuals who visit the doctor frequently

Although anyone can be a patient of this disease, the list of people mentioned above must pay extra attention to their health.

Major Causes of Pneumonia:

It can act on a person due to a variety of organisms which are responsible for its expansion. Given below is a list of such organisms:

1. Bacteria:

A bacterium is the most common reason for the spread of the disease. As a result, Streptococcus pneumonia is one such bacterium which is causing a sharp increase in the number of patients.

2. Virus:

A virus jams the respiratory tract of an individual. It is spread due to the presence of virus. Small children and adults are much more inclined to viral pneumonia.

3. Mycoplasma:

Mycoplasma organisms contain features that resonate both the bacteria and virus. It is not a harsh category and can be easily treated.

4. Fungi:

Droppings from birds and soil are the two main reasons for the spread of fungi to a person. Thus, this fungi based pneumonia can be avoided by undertaking appropriate hygiene measures.

Symptoms Associated with Pneumonia:

Given below is a complete list of symptoms:

  • Coughing along with mucus
  • Fever (even though it is mild might be due to the presence of pneumonia)
  • Constant sweat
  • Pain in the chest while coughing
  • Shortness in breath or heaviness
  • Changes in the heartbeat
  • Constant tiredness
  • A constant need to puke
  • Diarrhea

How is it Diagnosed?

An array of test and experiments will be done to be sure to diagnose pneumonia.

  • A blood test will be performed to check for any infection. It will also help in identifying the cause behind this infection.
  • An x-ray of the chest area will be performed to know more about the area which has been affected by this infection.
  • Pulse oximetry will be performed to check the oxygen level which is present in the blood. This is done to ensure that pneumonia has not been able to lower the oxygen level in the blood.
  • For getting a clear and distinct image of the lungs, a CT scan will be performed.
  • Pleural Fluid test and sputum test to detect the type of infection and the cause behind this infection respectively.

Adapt Few Preventive Measures:

One can decrease the chances of being detected by the disease through the following precautions which are mentioned below:


  • A flu shot every year will help to fix the problem of seasonal influenza.
  • Vaccination is important to prevent children below 5 years of age. Pneumococcal vaccine is a popular vaccine for children below 5 years and also for adults who are above 65 years of age. This vaccine is available in two types.
  • Virus and bacteria are popular causes for the spread of pneumonia. As a result, a lot of vaccines are available that can help in preventing such infections. However, one should consult their doctor before choosing the right vaccine.

Wash Your Hands Regularly:


A dirty hand is one of the common reasons for the spread of bacteria. Thus, one should make sure to clean their hands:

Before a meal, after a meal, nose blowing, visiting the washroom and after changing a diaper.

Say No to Smoking:

Smoking does not only harm your health but it also puts a risk on the health of your loved ones. Hence, it is better to avoid smoking for altogether good reasons.

Since, the base of all dirt lies in our environment, it is important to ensure a clean surrounding to prevent it. Hence, an unhygienic environment spreads several other communicable diseases.

Above all, hygiene should be the topmost priority of people who have suffered from pneumonia in their past. Thus, it is always better to be extra careful when it comes to health. Anyone can be a patient of pneumonia if they do not take the required steps on time.

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