The month of March is dedicated to National Kidney Month. The goal is to spread awareness of various types of kidney-related diseases. The most common among all is chronic kidney disease. The kidney acts as a vital organ for various bodily functions. It helps to regulate fluid levels in the body. Hence, this helps in filtering the waste from the blood. Besides, the kidney is also responsible to activate vitamin D which promotes good bone health.
Therefore, when the kidney functions well, there is a normal flow of blood pressure. This, as a result, keeps the blood minerals in balance. Thus, the normal kidney functions keep a lot of other health problems at bay. Else, one may also suffer from high diabetes and high blood pressure. Therefore, National Kidney Month spreads information on kidney diseases. The causes, types, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are covered in this article.
List of Other Issues caused by Kidney Disease
- Heart attack
- Cardiovascular disease
- Nerve damage
- Kidney failure
- Anemia or low blood cell count
- Weak Bones
Symptoms of Kidney Disease
The kidney disease symptoms might look similar to other symptoms as well. The common symptoms are:
- Swelling of face, hands, stomach, ankles, and feet
- Puffy eyes
- Increased thirst than usual
- Presence of blood in urine
- Foamy Urine
- Pain and difficulty while urinating
Types of Kidney Diseases
Learn about the types of kidney diseases in National Kidney Month.
Chronic Kidney Disease
This kidney disease stays for a long period. The reason behind this chronic disease is high blood pressure and diabetes. Besides, there are tiny blood vessels (glomeruli) responsible for cleaning the blood. However, over a period of time, those blood vessels are damaged. Thus, high blood pressure can prove harmful for longer term.
When there is inflammation of glomeruli, Glomerulonepthritis occurs. And the blood vessels are damaged. Hence, it can lead to kidney disease. Hence, it can be caused by an infection or a reaction to drugs. However, this process heals on its own. But in some cases, this results in the Glomerulonepthritis kidney disease.
This is another common disease. It occurs when someone consumes less amount of fluid. The waste products like minerals and other substances of blood transform into crystals. This is commonly referred to as kidney stones. Hence, proper treatment can cure this disease.
Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary infections occur in the urinary tract system. When one suffers from bladder and urethra infections, they experience Urinary Tract Infections. But, this is a curable disease. However, in serious cases, it can lead to kidney failure.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
This kidney disease is a genetic disease. It results in the formation of cysts in the kidneys. Thus, this leads to interfering of the kidney’s normal functioning. However, a serious case can even lead to kidney failure as well.
How Kidney Diseases are Diagnosed?
Doctors prescribe a few tests if they doubt you of suffering from kidney disease. Hence, taking up those tests can help anyone to get the right treatment options.
- Urine Albumin Creatinine Ratio test
- Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) test
- Advance Kidney Function test
- Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
- Serum Creatinine test
- Kidney Biopsy
Treatment available for Kidney Diseases
National Kidney Month also aims to spread the information on treatments. Doctors prescribe you the treatment based on the tests results. Therefore, depending on the stage of kidney disease, you will be given your treatment options. Hence, it includes mainly of medications and diet modification. However, serious cases of patients will be prescribed for dialysis. This is the last stage of treatment given to kidney disease patients.
Intake of medicines will lower your health problem. Your blood pressure will be reduced. Hence, this will help to improve your related health problems as well. The common medicines are:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
- Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Simvastatin, etc.
In order to improve any health condition, diet plays a pivotal role. One cannot ignore the goodness of healthy food consumption. Thus, you get a new meal plan. This will help to lower high cholesterol, salt intake, smoking habit, etc. As a result, one’s diabetes and other related conditions will be improved. Intake of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain food is beneficial.
Dialysis for Kidney Disease
This is an artificial method to clean the blood. The cleaning or filtering of the blood is the role of the kidney. However, when one suffers from kidney disease, glomeruli blood vessels do not function properly. As a result, this artificial method will help to filter the waste from the body. Two types of dialysis are available. It includes peritoneal and hemodialysis.
Prevention for Kidney Disease
Thus, during the National Kidney Month, learn about the preventive measures. There are various measures one can look out for. Always drink plenty of water/fluids and lessen your salt intake. And keep a check on your blood sugar levels. Hence, this will help you to keep your diabetes under control. Therefore, follow a healthy lifestyle. As a result of which you will lead a disease-free life.