Lipid Profile: Purpose, Procedure, and treatments

What is Lipid Profile?

Lipid profile or lipid panel is the collective term given to the estimation of, typically, overall cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides. An extended lipid profile may consist of very low-density lipoprotein. That is used to identify hyperlipidemia (various disturbances of cholesterol and triglyceride levels), many forms of which can be recognized risk factors for cardiovascular disease and sometimes pancreatitis.

Another name for lipid profile is:-

  • Coronary Risk Panel Tests
  • Hyperlipidemia– Testing
  • Lipoprotein/Cholesterol Analysis

Medical Definition of Lipid profile –

A pattern of lipids in the blood. A lipid profile usually includes the levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and the calculated low-density lipoprotein (LDL).

Cholesterol and triglycerides are important in certain quantities for fitness and well-being, since both perform important functions inside the body. It is indeed to help build cells and manufacture hormones. LDL carries cholesterol throughout the body to carry out those functions. HDL is the clean-up lipoprotein, picking up extra cholesterol and carrying it back to the liver. Triglycerides, utilized by the body to store energy and to provide that energy, as needed, to the muscles.

Why and when should lipid panels be done?

The healthy levels of lipids, present in the blood, work together to promote and maintain good health, if healthy levels are not maintained, the risk of cardiovascular disease can increase. High cholesterol, LDL and triglyceride levels and/or low HDL levels can lead to a build-up of plaque inside blood vessels as extra lipids start to stick to their walls.

This situation, called atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, can gradually restrict blood flow as arteries become narrower and lose flexibility. This creates an increased risk for hypertension, or high blood pressure and various kinds of heart disease as the heart works harder to pump blood through the body. Atherosclerosis might lead to partial or overall blockages of blood vessels, which can cause a heart attack or stroke.

Adults aged 20 or over who, usually have no known risk factors for heart disease,  should go through a lipid panel test after every 5 years.Adults who do have risk factors for heart disease should have cholesterol/triglyceride checking outdone more frequently. Routine cholesterol/triglyceride screening, recommended for youngsters. Between 9 to 11 and 17 to 21 age group person should go for Lipid panel tests.

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Risk factors that ought to prompt more frequent testing consist of:-

  • Overweight or obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • Regular cigarette smoking
  • Poor eating habits
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Age 45 for men, and age 50-55 for women
  • A family records of heart disease
  • Heart disease, stroke or health problems such as diabetes
  • A family history of heart disease

Lipid Profile

What are the Procedure and treatments?

For lipid profile test, you ought to avoid eating or drinking anything apart from water for 9 to 12 hours earlier than your test. Before beginning, inform the doctor about, signs and symptoms or health issues you’re experiencing, your family records of heart health, all medicines, and supplements, in case you’re taking medications that could increase your cholesterol levels, including birth control drugs, stop taking any drugs before the test to have good results.

You may possibly have your blood drawn in the morning, sometimes after fasting since the night before. Lipid panel test outcomes will provide you with a measurement of your personal level of total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, and triglycerides. These stats help you and your healthcare provider in determining, whether you fall under healthy range or indicates an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

According to the national heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, for adults, those ranges are as follows:-

  • The total considered healthy cholesterol level is below 200 mg/dL.  Considered borderline high levels are between 200 and 239 mg/dL are high.
  • Below 100 mg/dL levels of LDL cholesterol, considered optimal. 100 and 129 mg/dL percentage, considered near optimal, but fall under healthy range. LDL levels between 130 and 159 mg/dL are borderline high. LDL numbers between 160 and 189, high, and levels of 190 or higher, considered very high.
  • HDL cholesterol higher level is better. Less than 40 mg/ dL level, considered a major risk factor for heart disease. 40 and 59 mg/dL HDL, considered healthy, but the higher they are within that range, the better. 60 mg/dL or higher percentage, considered as protective against heart disease.
  • Triglyceride levels below 150 mg/dL, considered desirable. Triglyceride levels of 150 to 199 mg/dL are borderline high. 200 and 499 mg/dL Levels, considered high. Triglyceride numbers of 500 mg/dL or higher, considered very high.
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Lipid Profile

High cholesterol and/or triglyceride levels with treatments can reduce the risk of heart disease. Usually, doctors advise for lifestyle changes first as a means of reducing unhealthy lipid levels, generally include dietary changes to reduce your consumption of fats and increase your consumption of fiber, cardio exercise to help lower cholesterol levels and control your weight, and getting rid of harmful habits – smoking.

For example –

if lifestyle measures alone do not bring your cholesterol and/or triglyceride levels back to a healthful range, then concern your doctor for suggestions, for several medications to reduce your levels.

Conclusion

A lipid panel test is a blood test that measures levels of lipids, which can be fat or fatty substances, within the bloodstream and this percentage helps in assessing individuals risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, consisting of atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke, as well as comparing the effectiveness of treatments to help in reducing the risk of heart disease.

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