Lipid Disorders: A basic Understanding and its causes

Lipid disorders actually showcase the metabolic condition of your body that affects blood lipid levels. The elevated levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and lipoproteins in our blood can be, defined as Lipid disorder. A lipid disorder leads towards a risk of cardiovascular disease such as heart attack.

Lipid disorders are detected through laboratory testing. You can check your Lipid Disorder through cardiovascular risk factor screening. In our body, the Lipid profile comprises of cholesterol, LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein), HDL(High-Density Lipoprotein) and triglycerides. You have to go through a fasting Lipid profile, and if your LDL level remains more than 130 mg/dL or HDL level smaller than 40 mg/dL then you will be diagnosed with Dyslipidemia.

In our body, the lipid disorder materializes due to unhealthy lifestyles, obesity, lack of activities and alcoholism. Lipids such as Cholesterol and triglycerides are actually the waxy fats in the blood, and essential for bodily functions. Cholesterol is in the body cells and a dietary component of non-plant foods. Those Triglycerides are also in the cells and dietary fat like dairy products, oils, and white fat. The liver also produces cholesterol and triglycerides as well.

Disorders

Congenital causes are less common; examples include familial hypertriglyceridemia, which is associated with extremely high levels of triglycerides that significantly increase the risk of pancreatitis, and familial hypercholesterolemia that results in early atherosclerotic complications.

Low-Density Lipoprotein

LDL (Low-density lipoprotein) also bad cholesterol is one of the crucial components in your lipid profile. Low-density lipoprotein moves through your bloodstream and accumulates cholesterol in the arteries.  That accumulated cholesterol forms plaque, and that lead to certain blockages inside your body and causes heart attack and stroke. With proper medication, and perfect lifestyle can reduce the risk of a low density of lipoprotein and stroke.

High-density Lipoprotein

HDL (High-density lipoprotein) or good cholesterol helps in the process of removing cholesterol from your body. But a high level of High-density lipoprotein can lead towards the risk of cardiovascular disease. Primarily their level of High-density lipoprotein has an influence on genetic factors. It takes the shape due to lifestyle changes, weight loss, and last but not the least tobacco cessation. You can get rid of it with regular exercises.

Triglycerides

A triglyceride is a type of fat that comes from your food mostly. The body produces these Triglycerides during conversion of excess calories to fat. Triglycerides are essential for cell functions, but a low level of triglycerides is considered healthier.

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Causes Of  Lipid Disorders

There are various causes of lipid disorders. One of the most common cause is a genetic predisposition. On the other hand lifestyle habits can also increase the risk. Food with high saturated fat, sugar can increase lipid level. A highLDL cholesterol can increase high blood pressure and diabetes as well. People with diabetes also accumulate triglycerides in the muscles or liver. The increased belly fat is also a cause of lipid disorder. Some medication like steroids, birth control pills, psychiatric medicines can increase lipid level. Certain hormone disorders like polycystic ovary syndrome, hypothyroidism, and type 2 diabetes can also result in a high lipid level.

On the other hand, lipid profile increases due to genetics as well. It is known as hypercholesterolemia. It elevates the level of cholesterol throughout life and leads to many complications such as heart attack and stroke. Due to genetics, it can occur at the premature stage. Therefore, all the family members should go for screening at the earliest, so that the disorder can be, diagnosed. In the early stages of Lipid disorders, there are no symptoms. So a routine blood test can provide an accurate result of high total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-level lipoprotein, and high triglycerides.

On the other hand, certain high-fat foods, medical conditions can cause high blood cholesterol and high triglycerides. Let’s discuss foods that cause lipid disorder.

Disorders

There are two types of fat, which increase cholesterol levels, such as saturated fat, and  trans fat.

Saturated fat

Saturated fats increase LDL level in your body. Few plants-based foods such as coconut oil, palm oil contain saturated fats. And these fats, mostly available in animal-based food products like cheese, milk, butter, Cheese, and steak.

Trans fats

Trans fats or trans fatty acids are much or trans-fatty acids, are dangerous than saturated fats as they can increase your LDL level and decrease the HDL level. You can find trans fats from certain animal products. You can also find trans fats from various processed foods such as margarine and potato chips because they can raise your LDL levels and lower your HDL levels. Some trans fats are found naturally in animal products. Others are found in, processed foods that have undergone a process called hydrogenation, such as some kinds of margarine and potato chips.

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Medical conditions

Various medical conditions can affect your cholesterol levels. High blood cholesterol levels can occur due to:

  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Kidney disease

Other causes

There are several other causes of high cholesterol level that includes

Lack of exercise

Lack of exercise can increase your LDL levels. A regular exercise with proper diet can boost healthy HDL level. Lack of exercise is the main reason for a lipid disorder.

Disorders

Smoking

Smoking can also enhance your bad cholesterol or low lipoprotein level by allowing plaque to take shape in your arteries.

Genetics

If you high cholesterol running in your family, then you will be in a risk of getting high cholesterol.

Medications

Certain medications like diuretics can boost your cholesterol level.

Bottom Line

Certain Medication and lifestyle changes can help lower your cholesterol levels. Therefore, follow your doctor and his treatment plan to achieve a healthier life and reduce the risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. When your blood contains substances those are more than the healthy range, that is known as lipid disorder. If you have a high amount of lipid profile then you are at a risk of getting cardiovascular disease. So follow a proper diet, and go for a healthy work out to get rid of such disorders.

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