Skin rashes are common conditions which occur for various causes. Rashes are generally defined as unusual inflammation on the skin of a human being which is visible. Mostly, rashes are not dangerous and can be treated easily, but some are problematic if not treated well. There is a rare occurrence of life-threatening rashes in this recent world, but when it occurs it needs to be treated immediately. So, it is important to know about the various types of skin rashes. Timely treatment is advised for below-mentioned diseases.
Life-Threatening Skin Rashes are:
1. Pemphigus Vulgaris(PV)
A rash that occurs on the skin to the people between the middle age group or older. The rash looks like a soft blister containing fluid in it. It is mainly an autoimmune disorder which erodes the skin and mucous membrane and can occur in healthy or irritated skin. There are certain medicines which are linked with the growth of PV such as D-Penicillamine(Cuprimine Depen), captopril(Capoten), enalapril(Vasotec), penicillins, etc.
- Occurs within the age group of 40 to 60 years
- Detected in three-year-old infants or to 89-year-old persons (rare cases)
- Both men and women are affected equally by PV
- Blisters on the skin are the common signs of PV and spread gradually all over the body.
2. Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis(TEN)
It occurs due to a certain intake of medications or infections that has an allergic reaction. Antibiotics containing sulfa, penicillin can be allergic to some people. Similarly, other viral infections medication is given for hepatitis, herpes, and HIV is likely to cause TEN disease.
- Occurs among people from all the age groups
- The age group of 20 to 40 years is more prone to it
- Fever, joint pains, irritation
- Itching on the skin
3. Toxic Shock Syndrome(TSS)
This is mainly caused by bacterial toxins. In the bloodstreams, these bacterial toxins are released causing organ damage. Some other infections which can lead to TSS are superficial skin infections, post-delivery infections, wound infections after surgery, or infected nasal packing which might occur after nasal surgery or nose bleeding.
- Occurs within the age group of 15 to 35 years of age.
- Skin rash,
- Fever (above 102F),
- Headache, fatigue, nausea,
- Vomiting, and diarrhea.
It is a blood infection which occurs mostly among young adults. The membrane which surrounds the brain and spinal cord are mostly affected. Thus it is affected through sneezing, coughing, or contaminated surfaces.
- Fever and rashes
- Multiple organ failure,
- Low blood pressure,
- Patches of bleeding occur under the skin.
5. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Likewise, it is a kind of bacterial disease caused by the bite of an infected tick.
- Severe headache,
- Muscle pain (last upto 3 to 12 days)
6. Necrotizing Fasciitis
It is a bacterial infection which is very rare. The infection penetrates into the bloodstream and deeper tissues with extreme rapidity. Sometimes the disease causes inflammation which is very extensive and pronounced. Hence, it is treated with surgery.
- The lesion occurs in the early stage (grows rapidly within 24-72 hours)
When is the Right Time to Consult A Doctor?
These skin rashes can be very dangerous at times. So, it is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible, in order to prevent it from being worse. Here are some of the symptoms which can help a person find out the right time to consult a doctor.
Rash: Any kind of rash which spreads in a large area of the body. Rashes which occurs immediately after taking any medication. Any rashes which might occur with severe febrile flu-like illness.
Mouth Sores: When a person with any kind of mouth sore finds it difficult to drink even clear water.
Red Eyes: If there is a sudden occurrence of red eyes or swollen eyes, along with rashes or other illness.
When do you need Immediate Medical Attention?
- Skin Rashes covers a large portion of the body with blisters or when large areas of the skin start peeling off.
- Rashes turn from purple to red colour looks like a bruise. Mostly associated with a febrile illness.
- Passing out or being unconscious.
- When mouth sores are very painful and he or she is unable to drink a small sip of clear water.
Tips to Treat Skin Rashes at Home:
Since these skin rashes are life-threatening, it becomes difficult for a person to treat at home. Before going to the doctor, some personal cares when a person is suffering from these rashes should follow:
- Do not break down the blisters.
- Do not attempt to bring down fever with cold-water baths or soaks. In case of high fever, use a wet towel of lukewarm water to clean the areas where there are no blisters.
- No eyedrops should be taken when there are rases in the eye.
- Avoid mouthwashes in case of mouth sores.
Therefore, a hospital stay is a must for all these above diseases. Patients are kept in an intensive care unit(ICU) for closer monitoring. Thus, before the situation gets worse, spreading awareness about skin rashes will help people aware of these deadly diseases.