Learn About The Types Of Non-Communicable Diseases

Earlier non-communicable diseases were considered to be a problem in high-income countries. These diseases are now common in other countries as well. It is responsible for more deaths than communicable diseases. Know more about non-communicable diseases and their careful measures.

Important Facts

It is also referred to as NCDs. On record, it has caused 63% of all annual deaths. Therefore, you must treat these diseases on time otherwise it may cause serious ill effects.

Understanding non-communicable diseases will help you with the right treatment. These diseases are not transferred from one another. But it has a great effect on one’s health. If you do not control it on time, it can cause other connected diseases.

These diseases last for a long duration. And generally, its progression is slow. It is generally of four main types.

4 Main Types of NCDs

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Cancer
  • Chronic respiratory diseases
  • Diabetes

Also, few other NCDs include:

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Heart disease
  • Strokes
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Alzheimer’s disease

Who are under the Risk of Non-communicable Diseases?

If you have any of the NCDs, then you must get proper treatment. Else, it may result in chronic conditions. Here are some unanticipated facts about NCDs.

  • 7.2 million annual deaths are due to Tobacco consumption
  • 4.1 million annual deaths are due to excess intake of salt/sodium
  • More than half of 3.3 million annual deaths are due to alcohol usage
  • 1.6 million deaths are due to inadequate physical movement

Read below some other metabolic risk factors caused by NCDs:

  • Elevated blood pressure. It causes 19% of death annually.
  • Overweight/obesity
  • Hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose levels)
  • Hyperlipidemia (high-fat levels in the blood)

Consequently, non-communicable diseases can affect anyone belonging to any age groups, religions, and countries.

The disease may spread more in older people leading to 15 million annual deaths between the age of 30 and 69.

Mostly, the death rate is popular in low and middle-income countries. In those countries, access to preventative healthcare is less. Therefore, it is important to know about those deadly diseases and ways to prevent it.

Types of NonCommunicable Diseases


Diabetes is a very common disease that can strike at any age. It may occur when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin. It can also occur when your hormones control glucose in your bloodstream.

This may affect your health. Thus, it can cause serious illnesses such as heart disease, sight impairment, and kidney damage. Moreover, if you don’t control the sugar levels on time, it can cause serious damage to your other body organs.

There are two types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes

This is mostly diagnosed during childhood or young adulthood. It occurs due to poor functioning of the immune system.

Type 2 Diabetes

This is diagnosed in middle-aged and older people. It occurs mainly because of poor diet, inactivity, obesity, and other environmental and lifestyle factors.

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular diseases are caused due to poor diet and physical inactivity. It can cause problems such as high blood pressure, blood glucose, blood lipids, and obesity. Also, some people may get this disease because of their family history or genetic reason.

Some of the common non-communicable cardiovascular issues may include:

  • Stroke
  • Heart Attack
  • Congenital Heart Disease
  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Peripheral Artery Disease (Pad)
  • Cerebrovascular Disease
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism.


Non-Communicable Diseases

Cancer can happen at any age to anyone including socioeconomic statuses, genders, and ethnicities. It is also the second popular reason for death globally. Still, the real reason for cancer is unknown. However, some cancers may occur due to genetic reasons.

The WHO record estimates that about 30 to 50 percent of cancers can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle.

You could avoid the below things to prevent the disease:

  • Avoid tobacco consumption
  • Limit the drinking of alcohol
  • Get immunization against cancer-causing infections

Chronic Respiratory Disease

All the chronic respiratory diseases are caused due to the problem in the airways and lungs. But it is not necessary that everyone gets it because of this reason. Some people may get it because of genetic reasons.

There might be other reasons as well which may include poor lifestyles such as smoking and environmental conditions. Moreover, air pollution, poor air quality, and inadequate ventilation can also cause chronic cardiovascular diseases.

Some common chronic respiratory diseases which might affect you:

  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Industrial lung diseases – black lung
  • Cystic fibrosis

Stay Healthy and Disease-free

Thus, if you want to control the symptoms of non-communicable disease then you must control its risks.

Hence, in case you are suffering from any of the above NCDs, you must get the right treatment. Consult the doctor once the symptoms are detected. It will result in getting proper medications and treatments.

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