Dry eye disease is becoming one of the most common eye problems. There are many causes of dry eyes. Dry eyes are caused due to excessive teary eyes. Or, some people might also suffer from dry eyes because of decreased tear production. It is estimated that the country will have a prevalence of dry eye disease by 40% by 2030. And the most affected lot will be the urban population.
What Causes Teary Eyes?
Tears that form in eyes are a complex mix of water, fatty oils, and mucus. The ingredients of tear release from a special gland around your eyes. The dry eyes may often mean that your tear system is out of whack.
Thereby, the tears make your eye surface smooth and clear that further helps in fighting with the infection. Sometimes, when you are extremely happy, it keeps your eyes full of tears. The moisture and lubrication in your eyes offer a clear and comfortable vision.
When tears don’t provide enough moisture, you might notice the following problems:
- A gritty feeling
- A feeling like something is irritating you
- Itching in the eye
- Eyes turn red
- Blurry vision
- Light sensitivity
If a person has dry eyes, it may bring many other problems. This condition is called reflex tearing. The problem may also occur due to less moisture that causes irritation in the eye. The nervous system gets the signal that creates more lubrication.
Your body in response sends a flood of tears that covers the dryness in the eyes. It may be a similar situation when you get sand or dust particle in your eye. As a result of which brings tears in your eyes. The natural tear washes the debris away easily.
What Causes Dry Eyes?
The causes for dry eyes are mainly due to a lack of balance in your tear flow system. Or it may also be the result of your surroundings such as a heater, air conditioner, weather, etc.
Here are a few other reasons that are causes for dry eyes:
- Aging of women after menopause can also cause dry eyes.
- Medicine like antihistamines can cause dryness in the eye.
- Few diseases might affect your natural behavior that causes teary eyes including Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and collagen vascular diseases.
- Few problems that block your eyelids and don’t allow it to move, the way they should.
How Are Dry Eyes Treated?
To treat the causes for dry eyes, visit the doctor for better treatment. They will recommend you the treatments mentioned below:
The artificial tear drops and ointments can support your eyes. Hence, it acts as an ointment to your dry eyes. This is the easiest and common treatment available. And you can buy it as over the counter medications.
For instance, if you have chronic dry eye then you need drops in your eye that makes you feel fine. You can use a thick product such as an ointment at night. This will create lubrication which you can cover using airtight goggles while sleeping. The goggles will create a moisture chamber for your eyes.
Temporary Punctual Occlusion
The doctor can also suggest you close the punctum or duct that drain tears from eyes. He may even start with a temporary plug that will dissolve over time. The doctor will help you understand how permanent plugs will help your eyes.
Nondissolving punctual plugs and punctual occlusion application can be used. If temporary plugs work well, your doctor will offer you a long-lasting plug. The doctor might recommend a procedure called cautery.
This will help in increasing your tear level. Thus, it will block the drainpipe which releases tear from eyes to nose. Tear plugs are easy to remove. And hence, it sometimes comes down to tear drain.
This is a medical device that uses heat and pressure to unclog the blocked gland on your eyelids. It releases the oil gland that keeps your eye moist and prevents it from tearing.
Dry eye can also be the result of a lack of testosterone in oil glands. The doctor will prescribe give you a testosterone cream. You will need to apply that cream on your eyelids. Thus, it will work to treat your oil glands.
Cyclosporine (Cequa, Restasis)
This eye drop helps in boosting your tear production.
The lifitegrast is an eye drop that kick starts tear production. This helps in eliminating the causes of dry eyes. As a result, it gives you a moisturized eye.
Other Medications and Nutrition Requirement
Use steroid eye drops on some portion of the eyes by using eye drop for short periods. But use it for long-term measures. Adding fish oil or omega-3 in your diet can help in giving a perfect nutritional level.
As a result, we can say that dry eyes are not a serious problem. But its avoidance is also not beneficial. So, when you get to know the causes of dry eyes, you can get the right treatment and improve its condition.