What causes Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroid also called as an underactive thyroid, which is a common thyroid disorder.
In adults, Hashimoto’s disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. This is a condition in which your immune system attacks your thyroid so that it is damaged and can’t make enough hormones.
Hypothyroidism can also be caused by treatment with radioactive iodine or surgery on the thyroid gland (which are used to treat other types of thyroid disorders).
A problem with the pituitary gland is another rare cause.
Hypothyroidism can also be present from birth if the thyroid gland does not develop properly.
What happens if Hypothyroidism is not taken care?
Hypothyroidism left untreated leads to poor mental and physical performance and can cause high blood cholesterol levels that can lead to heart disease. Also, a life-threatening condition called myxedema coma (severe hypothyroidism leading to decreased mental status, hypothermia, and other symptoms related to slowing of function in multiple organs) can develop with severe untreated hypothyroidism.
Diagnosis of hypothyroidism is especially important in pregnancy to ensure delivery of a healthy baby. Routine testing of all babies at birth identifies those with hypothyroidism. If not treated, a child could have mental slowness, retardation, or fail to grow normally. So along with medical treatment, you have to follow the strict diet plan to control the hypothyroidism.
The right foods will ease the stress on the body so all the systems work at a much higher level. They will help organs produce hormone enzymes need to help your thyroid and hormonal system function correctly.
Weight problems, seen with hypothyroid
Changes in body weight, common in patients with hypothyroidism. In general, weight changes, due to either a mismatch between energy intake and energy expenditure leading to accumulation or loss of body fat or a change in body water content secondary to disease or medication. Hypothyroidism may aggravate symptoms including weight gain. Thyroid disorder, indicated by slow metabolism and as it is already known metabolism plays a big role in successful weight loss.
When your thyroid is not functioning well, your metabolism goes down and you start to gain weight, and once that weight has piled on, even 5 to 10 pounds, become very difficult to lose. Additionally, people with hypothyroidism tend to feel fatigued and just don’t have much energy, making exercise that much harder. With a lowered metabolism and a loss of the energy, you need to exercise, to maintain the healthy thyroid.
The weight loss after therapy of overt hypothyroidism (is defined as a clinical syndrome of hypothyroidism associated with elevated TSH and, decreased serum levels of T4 or T3) is caused by excretion of water bound in tissues. It is generally, assumed that patients with longstanding overt hypothyroidism, overweight and body weight tends to increase during the development of severe hypothyroidism.
Following are the things one can do to lose weight when you have hypothyroidism:
Reduce intake of sugars and carbohydrates:
Some types of carbohydrates — white flour, white rice, and foods made, added sugar contain small molecules of glucose that are easy to digest, so they enter the bloodstream quickly. When blood sugar spikes, insulin is, released to remove the excess sugar. While that’s a critical job, it can lead to weight gain.
When there’s too much sugar in your bloodstream, and insulin can’t restore balance by transporting sugar to cells for energy, it sends messages to the liver that it’s time to store fat. After the glycogen stores, filled with the liver turns glucose into triglycerides that, stored in adipose tissue. But insulin doesn’t stop there. It also tells the fat cells to stop breaking down fat that’s already in storage. In other words, insulin prevents you from losing weight while also making you more prone to gaining weight.
Follow low impact workout:
The effects of exercise on weight loss or gain varies from person to person. Although most people who exercise will lose weight over the long term, some people find that their weight remains stable and a few people will even gain weight. However, some of those who gain weight, actually gaining muscle, not fat.
Hypothyroid lowers body’s resting metabolic rate, people with this condition are more liable to gain weight and suffer secondary problems, caused by obesity. Building muscle through strength training can counteract these effects. Building muscle mass, either by lifting weights or with exercises such as push-ups and pull-ups, can reduce any feelings of sluggishness or lethargy. All that being, said when comparing diet and exercise, changing your diet, tends to be effective for weight loss along with exercise.
Taking regular medications:
Obese people with a normal thyroid gland tend to have activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis with higher serum TSH and thyroid hormones in serum. On the other hand, small differences in thyroid function, associated with up to 5 kg difference in body weight.
Hypothyroidism management revolves around the regular intake of medications prescribed by the doctor. It is of huge importance to see your doctor regularly. Dosages of these medications, adapted to the patient’s condition and severity of the disorder and chances are high your doctor, may alter the daily dose on several occasions. Normalizing thyroid hormone levels, improve metabolism and helps to lose weight more successfully.
The accumulation of too much fat in the body leads to serious health risks, including death in severe cases. Therefore, irrespective of the causes of weight gain, it is essential for obese people to take suitable steps for losing as much weight as is necessary to bring it to the level of normal limits.