Hypertension – Causes, Symptoms &Treatments

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is just another name for high blood pressure and also called as the silent killer. Because the blood pressure is the pressure inside your blood vessels. And this pressure is generated by means of the pumping of the heart and counteracted via the resistance of the small arteries. It could result in severe headaches and increases the risk of heart disorder, stroke, and loss of life. According to the World Health Organisation, hypertension is the most important global reason for death, and responsible for 12.8% (7.5 million) of deaths worldwide.


Clinically its defined – high blood pressure as a blood pressure more than 130 over 80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg), according to guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA) in November 2017. Hypertension doesn’t cause symptoms which makes it a “silent” disease. You can have high blood pressure for a long time without the symptoms which is why you need to have your blood pressure checked when you see your doctor. There are lots of lifestyle factors which may play a role in getting hypertension, so being aware of what they are really and so what do to lower your risk is important.

What are the causes of Hypertension?

Many factors may play a role in developing high blood pressure, including:-

  • Smoking
  • Overweight or obese
  • Lack of exercise or physical activities
  • Too much intake of salt or alcohol
  • Stress

In some instances, the underlying cause of hypertension cannot be identified and this form of high blood pressure is called essential hypertension. The complexities are diverse and a physician might not exactly be able to determine the cause straight away. Several factors are known to increase blood pressure. There may also be a family history of high blood pressure that you are not aware of. If you are not doing much physical exercise and have a low calcium consumption, you will probably find yourself with high blood pressure.


What are the symptoms?

Blood pressure levels can creep up suddenly. There are usually no symptoms or signs that you have this complaint. A doctor can detect hypertension by taking a blood pressure reading. Contrary to mild cases, severe high blood pressure can cause headaches, nausea, and nausea. A much more severe case, called the hypertensive crisis, is blood pressure that rises speedily. If this is not treated, it can ruin the brain, heart, sight or kidneys.Hardly ever, people with chronic high blood pressure could have symptoms such as – headaches, dizziness, nosebleeds, severe anxiety, chest pain, vision changes, and shortness of breath.

Through the years,untreated high blood pressure can cause heart disorder and related complications which include coronary heart attack, stroke, and coronary heart failure. High blood pressure symptoms aren’t recognizable, Wexler says. “It’s the leading contributor to death worldwide, but unfortunately it’s just not that obvious.”Most people conclude they have hypertension during a visit to their doctor. The doctor can take a reading of the heartbeat and pulsation blood pressure. The heartbeat measure indicates the pressure of the blood against the artery walls once the heart has simply finished pumping. The pulsation measure records the pressure of blood against the artery walls between heartbeats. The reading is taken once the heart is relaxed and filling with blood.


How to Treat Hypertension?

Treating high blood pressure involves lifestyle changes and probably drug medical care. An essential step in preventing and treating high blood pressure may be a healthy lifestyle.Below are some effective ways to treat Hypertension:-

  • Weight Managemen-

    weight reduction reduces overall cholesterol, in part by decreasing the creation of new cholesterol inside the liver. With good eating and exercise comes a healthy weight. Proper weight management helps lower cholesterol and high vital sign. Different risks caused by being overweight are also reduced.

  • Physical Activity-

    Physical activity is another necessary lifestyle modification for managing high blood pressure. Doing aerobic exercise and cardio for a half-hour with a goal of 5 times per week may be an easy way to boost a healthy heart routine. These exercises can get the blood pumping.

  • Managing stress-

    studies have proven that chronic stress can increase your blood pressure. Avoiding stress, or developing ways of managing unavoidable stress, will help with blood pressure management.

  • Less Sodium Intake –

    Reducing the quantity of sodium in your diet to below 1,500 milligrams every day if you’ve got high blood pressure; healthy adults ought to try and limit their sodium intake to no more 2,300 milligrams every day (about one teaspoon of salt).

  • Quitting smoking –

    The nicotine in cigarette smoke may be a huge part of the problem. It raises your blood pressure and heart rate, narrows your arteries and hardens their walls, and makes your blood more likely to clot. It stresses your heart and sets you up for a heart failure or stroke.

  • Use Alcohol carefully –

    Limiting alcohol to 2 drinks every day for men, one drink every day for women. However, heavier alcohol use will increase heart disease risk and harms the liver.

  • Medical Treatment –

    Your treatment can rely on how high your blood pressure is. Whether or not you’ve got different medical conditions also will be an element of the treatment. Over fifty million American adults have high blood pressure, and therefore the number of cases increase with age in both men and women. Doctors are aware that hypertension may be a quite common drawback, in order that they have the required experience and skills to take care of this complaint.

hypertension, bp


Treating high blood pressure can take a multi-pronged technique which includes food plan modifications, medication, and workout.in one study, the caffeine consumed in five cups of coffee each day brought on a slight increase in blood pressure in aged people who already had hypertension, however not in individuals who had normal blood pressures. What is extra, the combination of smoking and drinking coffee in individuals with high blood pressure may increase the blood pressure more than coffee alone. Restricting caffeine consumption and cigarette smoking in hypertensive individuals, consequently, may be of some advantage in controlling their high blood pressure. About 1 in 3 adults within the U.S. has high blood pressure or hypertension, but many do not recognize it. High blood pressure commonly has no caution signs and symptoms, yet it is able to result in life-threatening situations like a heart attack or stroke. The good news is that you can frequently prevent or treat high blood pressure. Early diagnosis and simple, healthy changes can keep high blood pressure from critically damaging your fitness.

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