How to Manage Diabetes?


We seem to have covered a long distance with diabetes education but the big question in our mind is still there “how can we manage diabetes?” Other queries are also much in discussion: is there any particular set of rules that need to be followed by diabetic person? Can it be managed by taking medicines and insulin injections, or just by taking insulin injections?

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder that needs care and attention in all that you do.

Let’s find out what can we do for diabetes management:

  • Screening
  • Diet Plan
  • Exercise


  • Medicines
  • Lifestyle Modification

These are the basic things that need to be taken care of, if you have diabetes.

Manage Diabetes With Screening

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that is associated with various lifestyle factors, genetic factors, age, ethnicity and other physiological problems. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are heterogeneous diseases in which clinical presentation and disease progression may vary considerably. While in type 1 diabetes there is no insulin production by the beta cells, in type 2 diabetes insulin produced in the body is not utilized by the cells.

The classification of the disorder is important to understand the best way to manage the diabetes you have. Screening for prediabetes and assessment of the risk factors for future diabetes with validated tools is essential for asymptomatic adults who are likely to develop this disorder.


Manage Diabetes With Diet Plan

Reduce your caloric intake to reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes. A diet plan is very important for a diabetic person who has been advised to check his blood sugar level and keep it under control. Mostly a Mediterranean type of diet is recommended by the nutritionists which is rich in vegetables and monounsaturated fatty acids. You must indulge into greater intakes of yogurt, nuts, berries coffee, and tea which are associated with reduced diabetes risk. Avoid red meats and sugary beverages which tend to increase the risk of the disease. Reduce consumption of animal products, refined carbohydrates, processed animal and sea food.

Manage Diabetes With Exercise

You have to manage sugar level of your body by burning calories with physical activities and exercises. Physical activity recommended for the diabetic individuals was for at least 700 kcal/week expenditure from such activity. This goal was translated as at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week which similar in intensity to brisk walking.

Moderate- intensity physical activity improves insulin sensitivity and reduces abdominal fat. Yoga, swimming, resistant training are various forms of physical activities. Try doing resistance exercise, 2-3 sessions per week on nonconsecutive days. For children and adolescents diabetes or prediabetes, physical activities for 60 minutes per day or more of moderate- or vigorous intensity aerobic activity is advised. They can do bone-strengthening exercises at least 3 days per week.

Manage Diabetes With Medicines

In some cases of diabetes, the doctors recommend certain diabetes medications, or even insulin therapy. He may recommend a combination of drugs can help you control your blood sugar in the right way.

Metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others),Sulfonylureas, Meglitinides, Thiazolidinediones, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists, and SGLT2 inhibitors are some medicines that have helped manage diabetes in people, when taken as per the doctor’s advice.


Insulin therapy is also recommended for people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Depending on your requirement, your doctor may prescribe a mixture of insulin types for the complete day and night. The doctor’s advice is extremely important for diabetes medication.

Manage Diabetes With Lifestyle Modification

Weight loss and right diet plan is important for controlling diabetes in many obese individuals. According to the studies, 7% weight loss goal was chosen because of the feasibility in achieving, and maintaining it, and that it is more likely to reduce the risk of developing diabetes. The patients were found to attain the 7% weight loss in 6 months at a recommended pace of weight loss of 1–2 lb/week. Calorie goals were calculated by estimating the daily calories needed and subtracting 500–1,000 calories/day (depending on initial body weight).

Much less carbohydrates, more of proteins and most of the diet must include green leafy vegetables The initial focus of the lifestyle management is on reducing total dietary fat. After several weeks, the concept of calorie balance and restricting the calories as well as fat was started. Limit alcohol consumption as it brings you at higher risk of hypoglycemia, especially if they are taking insulin for your diabetes. Drink alcohol in moderation- not more than one drink per day for women, and not more than two drinks per day for men with diabetes, is recommended. Be aware of your hypoglygemic condition and its management, just in case you need it.


Research on diabetes management is undergoing throughout the world. The associated physiological impairments in eyes, nerves, skin or blood vessels are being aggressively studied to find the best solution for the patients. Nothing much to say about people who have diabetes as that will make the article sound as if we are trying to sympathize with your metabolic disorder. Those who don’t have diabetes read about the factors and get screened. Those who have developed diabetes take care of yourself and learn to live with it. It is not a fatal disease until you allow it to take on your body by letting loose. Be aware of your metabolism and get smart enough to deal with this issue.

Leave a Reply