Low blood pressure is not a big problem but it is a common health issue. Many people might experience it at some point in their life. It is a problem when the brain doesn’t receive enough blood which causes fainting or dizziness. In severe cases, the problem can be life-threatening too. So, the best way to overcome this problem is to start seeing the signs of it at an early stage and treat it before it gets severe.
Low blood pressure (hypotension) is problematic when blood pressure records lower than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic).
The low pressure ranges from different levels of problems such as dehydration, serious medical, surgical disorders. So, before you know its treatment and symptoms, you must know what causes hypotension.
What Leads to a Sudden Fall in Blood Pressure?
A sudden drop in blood pressure may lead to life-threatening diseases. The causes may include the following:
- Huge loss of blood from bleeding
- Low body temperature
- High body temperature
- Heart muscle problem may lead to heart failure
- A severe blood infection is known as Sepsis
- Severe dehydration caused due to excessive vomiting, diarrhea, or fever
- The bad reaction caused due to medication or alcohol
- An intense allergic reaction called anaphylaxis which may often lead to the irregular heartbeat
People who have hypotension may experience symptoms when their blood pressure drops below the level 90/60. Symptoms of hypotension may include:
Fatigue is a problem that is used to describe overall tiredness or lack of energy. It is not similar to feeling drowsy or sleepy. But it is better as an overall feeling of tiredness or lack of energy. During fatigued, you will feel low on energy, sleepy, and have no motivation to work.
Fatigue occurs when the medical condition becomes severe and may be mild or serious. It may occur due to improper lifestyle, lack of proper diet. If you feel that your fatigue does not get normal with proper diet and rest, then you must immediately see a doctor.
Fatigue may cause due to:
- unhealthy lifestyle
- physical health conditions
- mental health problems
Light-headedness is a feeling when you feel like fainting. Your body may feel heavy and your head may feel like blood is not circulating. This symptom may also give you a “reeling consciousness.” The problem may also include clouded vision and a lack of balance. The problem is not a concern but still, it needs medications as it may increase your risk of encountering a drop.
Light-headedness may also cause the following problems:
- height sickness
- having a cold or flu
- low blood sugar
- dehydration caused by vomiting, diarrhea, fevers, and other illnesses
- fast and deep breathing
Dizziness is also a sign of low blood pressure when you start feeling lightheaded, woozy, or unstable. It is not a disease but it may affect your sensory organs such as eyes and ears. It is also referred to as motion sickness or disequilibrium when you start losing your body control and feel like fainting.
Some other possible causes of dizziness include:
- an unexpected drop in blood pressure
- heart muscle disease
- the reduction in blood volume
- anxiety troubles
- anemia (low iron)
- hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
4. Clammy Skin
Clammy skin is also referred to as wet and sweaty skin. It is also a sign that means your body has low blood pressure. The moisture of your sweat receives a cooling effect on your skin that triggers the sweat glands and becomes clammy.
This is a normal sign caused due to fluctuation in blood pressure. Though this is normal, it is essential to seek a doctor’s help to know its real cause.
Other common causes of clammy skin include:
- panic attacks
- low blood sugar
- hyperhidrosis due to excessive sweating
Constant low blood pressure if not treated can make your disturb your mood which may lead to depression. It is a feeling of sadness, anger, and low in mood that even starts affecting everyday activities. People may experience depression in various ways that may interfere with work resulting in loss of time and low productivity. Even the health condition starts affecting relationships.
The patient might start facing the below conditions due to depression include:
- cardiovascular disease
The above symptoms can also get severe and may make people uncomfortable for a long time if not treated on time.
Treatment of Low Blood Pressure
Based on your symptoms, your doctor may recommend you to increase your blood pressure which may include the following treatments:
- Include higher salt food diet
- Drink a lot of fluids (nonalcoholic)
- Limit the intake of alcoholic beverages
- Exercise regularly to promote the blood flow
- Be careful when you are lying or sitting and pump your feet and ankles before standing.
- Avoid lifting heavyweight
- Avoid standing or sitting still at one place for a long period
- Avoid increased susceptibility to hot showers and spas.
Thus, with the above precautionary measure, you can improve the blood flow circulation and treat low blood pressure.