How to control diabetes? Diet, Exercise, Medicine


Diabetes mellitus or the sugary epidemic is a serious metabolic disorder that starts with, uncontrolled blood sugar and may lead to problems like loss vision, numbness in feet, neurological disorders, and kidney dysfunction. Having read the list of diabetes and its comorbidities, it seems one needs to work upon how to control diabetes, whether he has, developed diabetes, or not, or likely to develop diabetes.

Controlling Diabetes with Diet

Nutrition therapy, as the experts call it, is about reducing caloric intake as the most significant changes for those at high risk for developing diabetes. It has been, observed that the quality of fats consumed in the diet is more important than the total quantity of dietary fat. Although olive oil has some calories, but intake of this oil in limited amounts can be beneficial. Mediterranean diet rich in, monounsaturated fats, may help to prevent type 2 diabetes to a great extent; also because it consists of green vegetables and citrus fruits that makes it good for diabetics. A diet plan with healthy low-calorie eating patterns, encouraged. Higher intakes of specific dry fruits, nuts, berries, coffee, tea and yogurt are associated with low diabetes risk. Avoid eating red meats and, sugar-sweetened beverages frequently which, associated with high risk of type 2 diabetes.

Controlling Diabetes with Exercise

Body weight management is very essential for obese people having diabetes. Lifestyle modification programs need to be intensive and include frequent follow-ups to achieve significant results in reducing excess body weight and improving clinical indicators.


The American Diabetes Association, recommended that adults aged 18 years and above, must engage in 150 minutes of moderate-intensity per week, or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity per week. In addition, muscle-strengthening activities have been, suggested — that involve all major muscle groups for two or more days per week.

Health supervisors should assess patients for conditions, whether their patients contradict certain types of exercise or may be susceptible to injury due to exercises, such as, uncontrolled hypertension, untreated proliferative retinopathy, autonomic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, and a history of foot ulcers. The patient’s age and previous physical activity level, taken into consideration.

Controlling Diabetes with Medicine

Person with type 2 diabetes can attain their target blood sugar levels with, regulated diet and exercise alone, but in many cases diabetes medications. Your doctor may prescribe the combination of drugs can help you control your blood sugar.

People with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, insulin therapy works well. Often, patients start insulin use with one long-acting shot at night. But you, must monitor blood glucose and follow your doctor’s advice for diabetes medication.

Lifestyle Management for Diabetes

Lifestyle changes includes diabetes self-management education (DSME), diabetes self-management support (DSMS), exercise and physical activity, smoking cessation counselling, and psychosocial care.


The doctors must assess the complications and plan for the management of comorbid conditions for enhanced diabetes care.


As a part of diabetes prevention programs, specialist prescribe right nutrition, right exercise and medicines, as the most effective mantra. The patients and their family members have to work upon the instructions religiously to avoid any complication associated with diabetes. Follow the prescribed guidelines for diabetes control and steer safe.

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