Lipid & Lipid Profile?
Fats which circulate in the blood often referred to as lipids. The 2 major lipids in the blood are cholesterol and triglyceride. As fat do not dissolve easily they’re carried around the body in ball-like structures which are water soluble. These structures also include proteins and are referred to as lipoproteins.
Lipid profile or lipid panel is the collective term given to the estimation of, typically, overall cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides. An extended lipid profile may consist of very low-density lipoprotein. That is used to identify hyperlipidemia (various disturbances of cholesterol and triglyceride levels), many forms of which can be recognized risk factors for cardiovascular disease and sometimes pancreatitis.
Your blood cholesterol level has loads to do with your probabilities of getting heart disease. High blood cholesterol is one of the major risk factors for heart disease. A risk factor is a situation that increases your chance of getting a disease. In fact, the higher your blood cholesterol level, the greater your risk of developing heart disease or having a heart attack. Heart disease is the number one killer of women and men in the United States. Every 12 months, more than a million Americans have heart attacks, and about a half of million people die from heart disease.
In medical term –
A pattern of lipids in the blood. A lipid profile usually includes the levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and the calculated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ‘cholesterol.
Cholesterol and triglycerides are important in certain quantities for fitness and well-being, since they perform important functions inside the body. It is indeed, to help build cells and manufacture hormones. LDL carries cholesterol throughout the body to carry out those functions. HDL is the clean-up lipoprotein, picking up extra cholesterol and carrying it back to the liver. Triglycerides, the body utilize it to store energy and to provide that energy, as needed, to the muscles.
What is Lipid Profile test?
Lipids are a collection of fat and fat-like materials that are important elements of cells and sources of energy. A lipid panel measures the level of specific lipids in the blood. Important lipids, cholesterol, and triglycerides, transported within the blood by lipoprotein particles. Every particle includes a combination of protein, cholesterol, triglyceride, and phospholipid molecules. The particles measured with a lipid profile are categorized by their density into high-density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL).
Tracking and maintaining healthy levels of these lipids is essential in staying healthy. While the body produces the cholesterol needed to function properly, the source for some cholesterol is the diet. eating too much of foods that are high in saturated fat and trans unsaturated fat (trans fat) or having an inherited predisposition can result in a high level of cholesterol in the blood.
The extra cholesterol may be deposited in plaques on the walls of blood vessels. Plaques can narrow or eventually block the opening of blood vessels, leading to hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and increasing the risk of numerous health problems, including heart disease and stroke. A high level of triglycerides in the blood, associating it as increasing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), despite the fact that the reason for this, is not always well understood.
What is Lipid Profile Ratio?
Lipid panel test outcomes will provide you with a measurement of your personal level of total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, and triglycerides. Those numbers can help you and your healthcare provider determine whether or not your levels fall within a healthy range or one that indicates an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
According to the national heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, for adults, those ranges are as follows:-
- A total cholesterol level below 200 mg/dL, considered healthy. Levels between 200 and 239 mg/dL, considered borderline high. Total cholesterol numbers of 240 mg/dL or greater, considered high cholesterol levels.
- Levels of LDL cholesterol, considered optimal if they fall below 100 mg/dL. Levels between 100 and 129 mg/dL, considered near optimal and is still within the healthy range. LDL levels between 130 and 159 mg/dL, borderline high. LDL numbers between 160 and 189, high, and levels of 190 or higher, considered very high.
- HDL cholesterol higher level is better. Levels less than 40 mg/ dL, considered a major risk factor for heart disease. HDL numbers between 40 and 59 mg/dL, considered healthy, but the higher they are within that range, the better. Levels of 60 mg/dL or higher, considered protective against heart disease.
- Triglyceride levels below 150 mg/dL, considered desirable. Triglyceride levels of 150 to 199 mg/dL, borderline high. Levels between 200 and 499 mg/dL, considered high. Triglyceride numbers of 500 mg/dL or higher, considered very high.
With treatment, high cholesterol and/or triglyceride levels can decrease to healthy ones, reducing your risk of heart disease. Commonly, doctors will advise lifestyle changes first as a means of reducing unhealthy lipid levels. Those generally include dietary changes to reduce your consumption of fats and increase your consumption of fiber, cardio exercise to help lower cholesterol levels and control your weight and getting rid of harmful habits – smoking, for example.
In additionIf lifestyle measures alone do not bring your cholesterol and/or triglyceride levels back to a healthful range, your doctor may suggest that you attempt one of several medications that can further reduce them.
For lipid profile test, you ought to avoid eating or drinking anything apart from water for 9 to 12 hours earlier than your test. Before your test, you have to also tell your doctor about, any signs and symptoms or health issues you’re experiencing.
Your family records of heart health, all medicines, and supplements which you’re currently taking, in case you’re taking medications that could increase your cholesterol levels, including birth control drugs, your doctor might also ask you to stop taking them some days earlier than your test and to test your cholesterol levels, your doctor will need to get a sample of your blood. Therefore you will have your blood drawn in the morning, sometimes after fasting since the night before.
How Lipid Profile Ratio calculated?
cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides ratio calculator explains to you what your TC, HDL, LDL and triglyceride levels mean and whether or not you’re under any risk for heart and cardiovascular diseases. The calculator shows you interpretation of your cholesterol levels and the TC/HDL, LDL/HDL and triglyceride/HDL ratios.
As a result elevated total cholesterol is not always an alarm and doesn’t always present the whole truth about the condition of the body, even as elevated triglycerides in the blood increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, inclusive of risk of coronary artery disease (ischemic heart disease), risk of heart attack and stroke, more than elevated total cholesterol. A risk ratio is based on your lipid profile results, sex, age, family history, and various other risk factors. Have high-risk ratio for heart disease, it’s best to speak with your doctor to evaluate your risk ratio.
A Lipid Profile is a blood test that measures levels of lipids, which may be fat and fatty substances, inside the bloodstream. In conclusion, statistics help assessing a person’s risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, mostly includes atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, heart disease, heart attack and stroke, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments meant to help lower that risk.