Graves’ And Hashimoto’s Disease – Difference

What is Graves’ disease?

Graves’ disease is a kind of autoimmune disease. Thyroid hormones form in higher rate due to this critical disease, which is Graves’ disease. This state is also known as hyperthyroidism. This state of hypothyroidism is also considered to be the most prevalent type of hyperthyroidism. During Graves’ disease, your immune system begins to form a particular type of antibody which is called thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin. These antibodies are then found with thyroid cells. Due to this condition, thyroid gland starts to form thyroid hormones in very high quantities.

What are the symptoms of Graves’ disease?

Many symptoms of Graves’ disease and hypothyroidism are the same.

The following may include in their symptoms:

  • Trembling of hands
  • Body weight loss
  • Heartbeat
  • Not tolerate heat
  • Feeling more tired
  • Feel nervous
  • Irritate
  • Muscle weakness
  • Goitre (swelling in the thyroid gland)
  • Diarrhoea or frequent stools
  • Unable to sleep properly


Some very few people with Graves’ disease feel like the skin is red and thick around the shin. This condition is called Graves’ Dermopathy.

Why is Graves’ disease?

The precise cause of Graves’ disease is not yet known. In some cases, Graves’ also occurs due to another type of malfunction in the body’s immune system.

The body’s immune system makes antibodies in its normal condition in response to a particular virus, bacterial or external substance. In Graves’ disease, the body begins to form antibodies in one part of the thyroid gland cells, although the reason behind Graves’ has not been known yet.

How is Graves’ disease treated?

It is usually possible to treat thyroid progression. To properly treat this condition, you may refer to the endocrinologist (specialist of hormonal problems).

What is Hashimoto’s disease?

There is a security system in the human body which protects the body from diseases. This destroys the germs and toxins produced in the body. This body system is called the immune system, and it plays an essential role in keeping ourselves healthy.

Because of the stress, medicines, poor lifestyle, and side effects of some diseases make the immune system weak. Moreover, it has insufficient ability to fight against many diseases of the body.

In some cases, the immune system itself causes harm to the body and creates disease. The problems in the body due to the immune system itself are called autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune disease includes Arthritis,  Celiac Disease, and Multiple Sclerosis.

Symptoms of Hashimoto disease

Usually, symptoms of Hashimoto disease appear in the final stages, but some people see swelling in the neck which is a symptom of this disease. Symptoms of Hashimoto disease grow slowly, but if not treated, then they take a terrible appearance in these years.

Many people suffering from Hashimoto disease develop under-active thyroid (low). Hashimoto thyroiditis may have fewer effects in the first stage.

Hashimoto may have the following symptoms of thyroiditis.

  • Feel tired
  • Weight gain
  • Swelling on face
  • Feeling Cold


  • The pain of joints and muscles
  • Constipation
  • Heavy menstruation or irregular menstrual cycle
  • Depression
  • Heartbeat decrease
  • Problems with getting pregnant

Hashimoto is an autoimmune disorder. This damages your Thyroid gland. Doctors still now have no accurate information about why the thyroid gland is, affected. Some scientists believe that this is affected by viruses or bacteria. The second opinion is that there are genetic factors behind this disease.


Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis both are autoimmune disorders. In each condition, the system influences the action of the ductless gland in how. Graves’ is a kind of hyperthyroidism; it is an overactive thyroid.

Hashimoto’s is a kind of hypothyroidism; it is an underactive thyroid.

Hashimoto Disease-

It can also cause due to autoimmune disease in which it makes any part of thyroid gland unusable. Most women have by diagnosed with this thyroid infections.

In the beginning, plentiful thyroxin hormones are, produced because of swelling in the thyroid gland. It is resulting in a decrease of thyroid hormone produced by thyroid gland later, which results in the formation of hypothyroidism. This problem has seen in 8 out of 10 women post pregnancy.

Lack of iodine in the food is one of the reasons for hypothyroidism, which we can see in adults most The human body needs as much as the tip of the needle iodine per day, so using iodised salt is good for health.

Due to the medicines taken for hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not produce the right amount of thyroxin.

Graves’ disease-

Graves’ disease is one of the main reasons for hyperthyroidism in adults. During Graves’ disease, the human body’s immune system begins producing any antibody that maximises thyroxin stimulating hormone. Graves’ can be genetic also. If any member of the family is suffering from this illness, then it increases the chance of others to have this problem. Usually, this problem affects young people.

Thyroid swelling is, called thyroiditis. Thyroiditis causes swelling in the thyroid gland due to a problem in a virus or immune system, and it starts to leak hormone in the bloodstream.

Sometimes the thyroid gland gets some bumps though they do not have any work. However, later on, sometimes they start functioning just like thyroid gland, and this causes thyroxin hormone to produce excessive demand, and this produces hyperthyroidism’s problem.

Sometimes people suffer from hyperthyroidism due to the medicines taken for hypothyroidism.


Doctors recommend that Thyroid victims must perform tests in order to know the thyroid hormone level in the body. Sometimes, due to unawareness or carelessness towards the proper test, medicines results in a severe problem such as the number of thyroxin increases in blood.

Sometimes some other reasons contribute to the larger thyroid gland. Due to the thyroid gland being, developed; thyroid gland begins to produce more thyroxin hormones, which affect hyperthyroidism. If a person suffers from acne disease; then it is, removed through surgery.

Hypothyroidism can also cause due to vitamin B12 deficiency. Egg, Milk, Cheese, Milk Products, Meat, Fish, and Vitamin B12 is, found very high; which is good for the body.

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