Glaucoma Eye Disease: Symptoms And Treatment

The glaucoma is an eye disease responsible for causing vision loss. It affects people mostly aged between 40–80 years with a global record of 3.54%. In 2013, the percentage of people affected by this disease was 64.3 million. It has been estimated to rise by 76.0 million in 2020. This article provides the symptoms and how you can take precautionary measures to treat this disease.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye disease that can cause damage to your eye’s optic nerve. It can even get worse over a period of time. The situation arises because of the constant pressure build up inside your eyes. In most of the situations, the eye disease is linked with higher pressure inside the eye which is often termed as ocular hypertension. This situation may also occur when intraocular pressure (IOP) is between normal to high.

If this disease is left untreated, it causes peripheral vision loss which may eventually lead to permanent vision loss.

What Are the Types of Glaucoma?

Open-angle Glaucoma:

This is the most common eye problem. And it is also referred to as wide-angle glaucoma.

Angle-closure Glaucoma:

This is a less common problem in the West than in Asia. This problem is also known as chronic angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma. It’s also connected to farsightedness and cataracts when the lens of your eye is cloudy.

Symptoms of Open-Angle Glaucoma

The Open-Angle Glaucoma doesn’t show warning signs or symptoms. Thus, it develops slowly and sometimes the sight loss may occur without any warning sign.

A patient suffering from this disease generally feels fine. As the initial vision loss starts from the side of the eye or peripheral vision. This means the visual perspicacity or vision clarity is considered for treatment after the disease strikes fully.

Later, by the time the patient comes to know of vision loss, the disease might have reached an advanced stage.

Can Surgery help the Patient Improve the Eyesight?

To say it directly, vision loss from glaucoma cannot be treated even with surgery. The best way to get its treatment is to carefully examine the limited warning signs. For which a doctor needs to be consulted for an eye examination. Thus, the doctor might prescribe you a preventive treatment to help protect your vision. But the treatment totally depends on the present stage of the condition when the doctor was approached.

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The problem may also be due to diabetes, cardiovascular disease. It also increases with age.

Symptoms of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma

In this type of eye disease, an imbalance is caused in the drainage of the eye fluid. Due to high pressure on the inside of the eye, there is leakage if eye fluid. It can also damage the optic nerve damage and vision loss. The pressure in the eyes can occur suddenly or slowly.

In the early stage of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma, the eye pressure may or may not be high and the optic nerve is not affected.

The signs of this kind of disease may need immediate care and assistance from an ophthalmologist.

The symptom of acute angle-closure glaucoma may include the following problems:

  • Blurry or out-of-focus vision
  • Visibility of rainbow colors around bright light
  • Intense eye and head aching
  • Nausea or vomiting (due to eye pain)
  • Loss of vision suddenly

If you feel that you have any of these symptoms you must immediately schedule examinations with your eye doctor. The doctor will examine your condition. Thus you will be ensured that your treatment is effectively done maintaining safe eye pressure.

Treatment and Prevention

Here are a few self-care steps that you can take to prevent this eye disease in its early stages. Thus, it will help to slow down the vision loss progress.

1. Take Dilated Eye Examinations Regularly

By regularly taking eye exams, you can detect the problem before it causes significant damage to your eye loss.

Generally, if you are below 40 years then you must test your eye every five to ten years. If you are between 40 to 54 years old then you must get an eye exam every two to four years. And if you are more than 65 years old then you must get an eye test every one to two years.

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2. Get Knowledge About Your Family Eye History

Glaucoma can also be caused due to past family history of the disease. There are chances of you to get this disease if any of your family members have it. So, in this case, by getting into the regular screening, you can help its prevention.

3. Eye Exercises are helpfull

By doing regular exercising, you can prevent eye disease and reduce eye pressure. Consult your doctor about the appropriate exercises.

4. Take Prescribed Eye Drops Frequently

The prescribed eye drops by a doctor can help in reducing the risk of high eye pressure. Thus, it can help prevent eye disease.

5. Wear Eye Shield

Sometimes an eye injury can lead to glaucoma. You must wear eye protection such as power tools or high-speed racket sports used in fenced courts.

Thus, by following the above prevention, you can treat your eye disease. Hence your eye vision will be improved gradually. So, if you realize that you have any of the symptoms or early signs of the eye disease then you must immediately get the required treatment.

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