How to know early that your kidneys are getting impaired?
One always ignore the basic symptoms of any kidney disease, below are the key point you should check today itself.
Just think if you are experiencing from any of the following conditions:
- Any heart disease
- Hypertension or high blood pressure condition
- Diabetes or blood sugar problems
- Any family history of kidney disease
If it is a yes for any of the above then probably you might be at risk of developing any type of kidney disease at any point of time in life today, tomorrow or maybe after a couple of years. It is advisable to go for regular health checkups to rule out any possibility of the kidney malfunction.
Even if there is any diagnosis of the malfunctions then certainly it will be an early one and will be easier to treat instead of the last stage kidney disease diagnosis. So you must go and seek the advice of your physician over health checkups and also if you are experiencing any troubles related to the kidney. The physician must recommend undergoing few initial tests to evaluate the presence of any kidneys issues.
The tests are:
A blood test to evaluate glomerular filtration rate (GFR):
This blood test measures the per minute filtration rate of the kidneys and shows up how well they are working. A GFR value of >= 60 is known as the normal range of it, however, the value of < 60 reveals presence of a significant kidney disease. Certain measures can be taken to stop GFR value from falling further until diagnosis of the underlying cause and its treatment.
A urinalysis for the presence of protein:
The presence of protein in urine can indicate a kidney disease symptom. It might happen if the process of filtration is impaired because of some kidney damage. As result proteins usually tend to leak into the urine causing proteinuria or albuminuria or microalbuminuria (different name of the test and albumin is a type of protein found in urine).
What are the different risk factors involved in kidney disease?
Besides the different underlying diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and family history of renal diseases habit of smoking also impose a risk of kidney disease. Also, eventual aging of the body especially post the 50s and race like Asian, Hispanic, African etc. affects the kidney functioning.
Upon noticing any type of unusual symptoms like abnormal urine color, persistent swelling in ankles, legs or any part of the body, excess fatigue, and decreased appetite etc. related to kidneys you must look forward to consulting your physician. Sometimes it might happen that the kidneys show up noticeable symptoms after 80 to 90 percent of damage has already occurred. So ensuring kidney tests at regular intervals is best for the health.
Which tests can actually tell you how your kidneys are doing?
There are chances that even the early stages of chronic kidney disease might pass without a diagnosis. It can happen either of no symptoms or else because of less prominent kidney-related symptoms. Kidney disease might opt to progress and deteriorate silently at times. So the best way to deal with is only getting annual or bi-annual health checkups which can effectively let a person know in case there is any kidney malfunction.
Following are the few simple blood and urine tests which can help to identify any kidney issues:
- Serum Creatinine
- Urine albumin test
- Urine albumin-creatinine ratio
- Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
Suspecting kidney issues, then stop waiting and opt for kidney function tests at affordable prices. Even the doctor will eventually recommend the series of test to confirm the indicating symptoms of any renal disease.
When to see a doctor?
You must consult with a doctor if you notice any kidney problems or symptoms. Also if you are aware that you are experiencing from diabetes or hypertension which is not under control then you must also consider a consult to monitor underlying diseases risk over kidneys. Gradual worsening of the kidney disease occurs if diagnosis and treatment are not done on time since it is progressive in nature.
Also, the damage caused to the kidneys can only be revered in the initial stages and in later stages most of the damage becomes permanent. Kidney disease further affects other organs like heart, and lungs etc. It may further lead to cardiac issues and even stroke. Early diagnosis of the renal disease is the best possible way of reversing the early stages damage to the kidneys and curing a person completely.
Following are the few symptoms and upon observing these a person must consult a doctor without any delay:
- Abnormal color or odor of the urine
- Edema or water retention which is consistent and does not goes away on its own
- Pressure or pain in the chest
- Shortness of breath
- Confusion ore dilemma, incapable of focusing
- Seizures which started all of a sudden recently with no prior history
- Nausea and vomiting
- Excess fatigue even after resting
- Increase in the urge of urination and reduction in the amount of urine pass out in one go
Several types of research are still on for improving the methods of diagnosis and treatments of kidneys diseases. However early diagnosis is the only best way to treat the kidney disease effectively. The main good news about the kidney disease is that it is treatable but for the complete reversal of damage early diagnosis is essential. So, annual checkup of the kidneys must be a priority to ensure that this vital organ of the body works properly in eliminating all waste and toxins from the body.