Generally, there are two types of thyroid disease. The first type of disease is called hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid. The thyroid gland of the person suffering from this disease does not produce the proper amount of thyroid hormone — however, the level of TSH in the body increases. Hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid, on the other hand, is a state when the thyroid gland grows very active. This creates T-3 and T-4 hormones to become extra soluble in the bloodstream and hence the level of TSH decreases. Both of these situations are dangerous to health. Women are more affected by these problems than men. In the terminology of medical science, it is called Autoimmune Disease. It is due to the imbalance of T-4 hormones, and TSH hormones that are released from the thyroid gland. Its symptoms begin to develop within the body itself.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
A decrease in concentration, irritability, sadness in behavior, sweating in winter, unnecessary fatigue, insomnia, rapid weight gain, periodic irregularity, constipation, sharp skin, and rapid hair fall. Some other symptoms are increased cholesterol, slow functioning of the heart, and swelling on the body and face.
Hypothyroidism – prevention and treatment
- Even if there is no problem, every woman should definitely check the thyroid once a year.
- If you ever see any such symptoms within you, going for thyroid tests at every interval of six months is adviced. Take regular medication on doctor’s advice. This ensures the level of hormones is balanced in the body.
- Every woman should try to control the level of thyroid. Anemia, Miscarriage, the death of the baby after birth, and the infant’s mental impairment in the child remains uncertain due to its disturbance during pregnancy.
- After birth, the baby’s thyroid test must be done within the third to the fifth day.
Here are some steps to keep fat away if you are dealing with Hypothyroidism.
Diet Chart of Thyroid Patients
Foods containing iodine-
Thyroid sufferers should include iodized food items for eating and drinking, i.e. foods that are found in powdered amounts of iodine. The reason for this is that the amount of iodine affects the functioning of the thyroid. For iodine, we can also use seafood. Iodine is found in abundance in fish, seaweed and sea vegetables.
Copper and iron-
Apart from this, taking copper and iron-rich foods is also very beneficial for thyroid. This increases the functioning of thyroid gland. For copper, you should take the seeds of cashew nuts, almonds, and sunflowers. There is an abundance of copper in it.
Role of iron-
Iron-rich vegetables are great like green and leafy vegetables. Especially the spinach contains plenty of iron.
Cottage cheese and green chilies-
Thyroid patients should take cottage cheese and green chilies as well as tomatoes because it is also extremely beneficial for the thyroid gland.
Vitamins and minerals-
You should give priority to a diet containing vitamins and minerals in your diet charts. This increases the activity of the thyroid gland.
Ice cream and curd-
Eating low-fat ice cream and curd is beneficial for you.
Apart from this, the consumption of cow’s milk is beneficial for thyroid patients.
Coconut oil can also increase the activation of the thyroid gland. The easiest thing to do is use coconut oil while cooking, instead of mustard or refined oil.
Avoid using these foods
- Avoid soya chunks in your daily diet.
- Thyroid patients should stay away from junk and fast food. Because fast food influences the thyroid gland.
- If you talk about avoiding vegetables, you should stay away from foods such as broccoli, cauliflower.
Some other way
While thyroid patients should follow these diet charts, there are some other things to be kept in mind. Have a habit of exercising regularly, or you also opt for yoga. Because of this, the activity of thyroid gland increases. However, despite all these, consult your doctor before you start exercising.
Hormones are essential in our body for supporting our metabolism. Fluctuation in the thyroid gives much concern. Meet the doctor for treatment and take medication on time.
Foods To Avoid When You Have Hypothyroidism:
Caffeine does not immediately raise thyroid, but it develops the problems that arise due to the thyroid, such as discomfort in sleep. So, you should avoid all these items from your diet.
Alcohol which means alcohol and beer etc. affect the energy levels in the body. It develops the complexity in the sleepiness pattern of people with thyroid. Apart from this, the risk of osteoporosis also increases.
There is a lot of cholesterol and saturated fat in red meat. This increases the weight faster. In addition to eating red meat, thyroid patients begin complaining about the burning sensation. You can consume chicken and other food sources that contain good protein like fish.