The month of March is observed as National Endometriosis Disorder Awareness Month. The motive of this awareness program is to inform the general people of this disorder. Hence, they will be aware of its causes and symptoms. Very few are aware of the disease. This disorder occurs to women only. There is a tissue that acts as the inner lining of the uterus. When the endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus, it is called an endometrial implant.
Endometriosis is a similar tissue to the inner lining of the uterus. This tissue is joined with the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the tissue lining the pelvis. Gradually, the tissue thickens leading to a break down of it. This condition occurs when the menstrual cycle hormones respond. Hence, it results in extra bleeding during periods. And the surrounding areas are affected as well. Inflammation or swelling with lesions also occurs. Hence, this process is called Endometriosis Disorder.
Issues caused by the Tissue Stuck in the Pelvis:
- During the monthly cycle, one experiences severe pain.
- However, fertility issues might also occur in the future.
- Development of scar can be noticed.
- Irritation with mood swings
As a fact, this condition affects women aged between 15 to 44 years. And only 10 percent of women undergo this disorder.
Symptoms of Endometriosis Disorder
1. Painful Periods
During periods, one experiences extreme pain in the pelvic region and cramping. The pain mostly starts before the onset of the periods. Hence, the pain continues until the menstrual cycle is over. Besides that, one can also feel pain in their lower back and the abdominal area.
2. Extreme Bleeding
There is presence of extreme bleeding during the periods. This is called inter-menstrual bleeding.
3. Pain during Intercourse
One suffers from pain during their intercourse. In a few cases, the pain even stays after intercourse.
4. Pain while Urinating
You can also feel pain while you urinate. However, the pain occurs only during the menstruating cycle.
5. Other Signs
Other conditions that accompany are nausea, fatigue, and constipation/diarrhea.
Causes of Endometriosis Disorder
The cause of this disorder is still unknown. It is believed that menstrual blood travels back with the endometrial tissues to the fallopian tubes. Hence, it moves towards the pelvic cavity. Therefore, it gets stick to the other organs as well.
However, genetics can also be one of the causes. Anyone in your family including your mother or sister have it, there are chances for you as well. Thus, Endometriosis Disorder is also a hereditary disease.
In some cases, women who already have this Disorder may also suffer from immune system disorder.
Endometriosis Disorder Diagnosis
Consult the doctor if you experience any of the symptoms. A gynecologist will list a few tests.
- Pelvic Exam (any history of previous illness)
Once the disorder is confirmed, the doctor will suggest you the treatments.
Depending on the stage of the disorder, the treatment will vary. There are three types of treatment. However, there is still no cure for this condition. There are treatments that only help to reduce the symptoms.
The doctor will give you medications if your symptom is manageable. Mostly the pain is reduced through over the counter medications. Pain relievers like NSAID will be given to you. It includes Ibuprofen and Naproxen. However, for extreme pain, the doctor might change the medication.
2. Hormonal Therapy
Hormonal therapy is a treatment that helps to balance the hormone levels. Therefore, this therapy will help to reduce the level of estrogen in the body. As a result, it will prevent the menstrual bleeding. Hence, the lesions bleeding will also be reduced. This, in turn, will help to recover from inflammation, scars and cyst formation.
List of Hormonal Pills are:
- Birth control medications, patches, and vaginal rings
- Progestin contraceptives
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone pills
- Danazol (the other name is Danocrine)
The doctors offer the option of surgery when the other two options do not work for the patient. Therefore, surgery can help to remove the endometriosis tissue. This will result in the increased chances of being pregnant as well.
There is a non-invasive type of surgery. By opting that the doctor will perform the laparoscopically surgery. In this surgery, the laser technique will be used to destroy unwanted tissue.
However, in severe cases, organs are also removed. If the endometriosis tissue has damaged the uterus and the ovaries, it will be removed. But, if one is still at the stage of bearing a child, it is advisable to discuss with their doctor.
Therefore, there are ways to control the Endometriosis Disorder. If you are experiencing the above-mentioned symptoms, do not delay. Consult the gynecologist for better advice. Getting the treatment at the right time will prevent future complications.