Endometrial Ablation is a procedure of removing a thin layer of tissue(endometrium) that lines the uterus of women. Thus, the treatment helps to lower the flow or stop the menstrual bleeding. However it occurs due to benign non-cancerous conditions. But there is treatment for non-cancerous abnormality. A women cannot give birth in the future if she has undergone this treatment. Women suffering from heavy bleeding gets relief with this treatment. This article will give you a brief idea of how a doctor performs the treatment, how you will recover and the side effects involved with it.
Types of Endometrial Ablation Treatment
In the first place, the doctor inserts a slender instrument into the cervix to reach the uterus of the patient. Therefore, it allows the opening of the cervix and helps the doctor to execute the procedure. However, there are various other ways of carrying out the treatment. It will depend upon the doctor’s preferences depending on the condition of the patient. Different types of treatment include:
- Freezing (cryoablation): In this treatment, a thin probe is used to apply extreme cold in the lining of the uterus. It pumped the gas through the probe to freeze the tissue. The time of the procedure depends on the size and shape of the uterus.
- Heated Balloon: In this treatment a balloon is inserted inside the uterus of the patient which is inflated and filled with heated fluid. The hot fluid helps in destroying the uterine lining. This procedure lasts from 2 to 12 minutes.
- Heatedfree-flowing fluids: This treatment is done by inserting warm fluid and allowing the heat to flow freely through the uterus for 10 minutes. The fluid destroys the uterine tissue. This procedure is performed when a woman has irregular shaped uterine cavities.
- Radiofrequency: A mesh tip in a flexible device is placed in the uterus of the patient. It releases radiofrequency energy which destroys the uterine tissue in a minute or two.
- Microwave: In this treatment, a probe is inserted in the uterus and releases microwave which helps in destroying the uterine lining. This procedure is completed in three to five minutes.
- Electrosurgery: Before performing the procedure a general anesthesia is given to the patient. A telescopic device – resectoscope along with a heated instrument is used to see and abolish the uterine tissue.
What Happens after the Treatment?
The post-procedure care and recovery sometimes depends upon the type of treatment.
The patient needs to be accompanied by someone to her home after the treatment. Use sanitary napkin after the procedure (if required). For nausea and cramps, the patient should consult with the doctor for over-the-counter-medication.
After the treatment, the patient might experience the following:
- Menstrual cramps for several days
- Frequently urinating for about a day
- Bloody or watery vaginal discharge for many weeks
Symptoms of emergency medical attention after the treatment are:
- Foul-smelling discharge
- Extreme abdominal cramps
- Heavy bleeding
The Risk Involved During the Procedure:
With any medical procedure, there is always a scanty chance of infection and bleeding. The tools used by the doctor for the treatment can create a hole in the uterus, may burn or may affect the other nearby organ. But those cases are rare.
Recovery after Endometrial Ablation Treatment
In endometrial ablation treatment, the patient do not take a very long time to recover.
- Within 24 hours: It is often common to urinate frequently in 24 hours and also feeling of nausea may appear
- For Few Days: Bleeding and cramping can continue for a few days
- A week later: The patient can be back to normal within a week
- Three weeks: There can be blood or watery discharge for three weeks
Moreover, the doctor advises the patient to avoid using tampons, douche or to have sex for a few days after the treatment. Likewise, also avoid lifting up heavy objects for some days. Therefore, with doctor’s recommendation you can take over-the-counter medicines for pain. Above all, avoid aspirins as it could lead to more bleeding.
Possible Side-effects of Endometrial Ablation
Some of the possible side-effects are:
- Heavy Bleeding
- Foul-Smell discharge
- Continuous two days of bleeding after the treatment
- Trouble urinating.
Moreover, if a woman is facing any of these problems she should immediately consult the doctor in order to avoid any other complications and infections.
An Outlook Towards Endometrial Ablation
Endometrial ablation helps in lowering the flow or stop the menstrual bleeding of a women who might experience a heavy or long flow of bleeding during periods. This treatment is not always an option for all women. Hence, it is the last option for treating the heavy flow when the other options like medication or an IUD have not worked.
As a result, the procedure may not be suitable for many women and also for post-menstrual women. Thus, consulting a doctor for the treatment is always a good option.