Overview of the kidney stones
A kidney stone is a very painful condition. In this excess salts and minerals crystallize in the body and form stone-like formation in the kidneys or anywhere in the urinary system. Depending upon the size of the stones these can be either small kidney stones or large stones. The small kidney stone comes with lesser complications in comparison with the larger ones. Small stones even have the tendency to pass out on their own through the urine without requiring much treatment.
However, large stones might require treatment with medications to make them dissolve and pass out or else a surgical procedure for its removal if the size appears too large to be able to dissolve and pass out. This condition might make you wake up in the middle of the night with a horrible pain which runs in the lower back and abdomen. People usually complain that the pain is even worse than the labor pains. Painful urination becomes the biggest problem with this disease.
Which symptoms of the kidney stones can be diagnosed early?
Painful urination with frequent urges:
One of the most common warning signs of the kidney stones includes an unexplainable sudden increase in the urination frequency along with extreme pain. It comes as an intense need to urinate even without any variation in the fluid intake. However, this urge might appear big but the amount of urine passed in one go will be very less because of the obstruction in the urine flow by the presence of stone in the urinary system. Pain while urination can also be by the bruising caused by the movement of the stone inside. Especially if the kidney stone moves from the bladder to urethra it might cause a sharp intense pain and can also lead to a urinary tract infection.
Radiating pain in the lower back:
Another early sign can be of unexplained lower back pain. It usually begins just below the rib cage near the kidneys. Beginning from the sides and radiates further into the lower abdomen and groin area. The pain comes and goes in the form of fluctuating waves lasting from few minutes to few hours. Men with kidney stones might feel the pain migrating into their testicles and scrotum. Pain in the genital region might mimic any sexually transmitted infection (STI) however further evaluation by the physician can be helpful in knowing the actual cause.
Blood in the urine:
Noticing any abnormal color changes of the urine like from pinkish, brownish or reddish might be an indication of the kidney stones presence. It can be due to mild to moderate blood coming in the urine. Blood in urine also known as hematuria usually occurs when the stone causes internal bruising of the walls of the urinary system, especially in ureter and urethra. Depending on the size of the stone the associated pain can be mild to intense.
Nausea & Vomiting:
Most of the people suffering from the kidney stones also feel nauseous. Severe nausea at times leads to frequent vomiting which can further lead to dehydration. One of its causes is an intense abdominal pain because of stone movement inside. Another cause can be impaired functioning of kidneys by the presence of the stone. Since kidneys eliminate all toxin and waste from the body and excess of their accumulation in the body can also trigger vomiting.
The pungent odor of the urine:
Beside the discoloration of the urine, slight cloudiness and foul or pungent odor might also appear. The odor is because of the presence of excess concentrations salts, minerals, and other toxins in the urine.
Difficulty in sitting:
If a kidney stone obtains a large size than it can often lead to discomfort while sitting for long durations. Since the positioning of the stone inside can affect the longer duration postures with pain. It can be because any continual of one posture either seated or laying-down might create an additional pressure over the area around the stone. Intense pain and pressure is the result of kidney stone coming in contact with the internal body structures. Many people tend to combat this situation by avoiding longer duration postures or by changing positions to whatever they are comfortable with and even opting to move around to avoid any static position to get temporary relief from pain. This further causes the sleep disturbances in the people suffering from kidneys tone disease.
Fever along with chills:
Kidney stones often ted to show up with fever accompanied by chills. Fever can be because of an infection caused by the stone or by the intense pain as well. However, in case of smaller stones, no symptoms might not be visible in some cases as the size is too small to cause any prominently visible symptoms. Intense symptoms are normally in case of large-sized stones especially infection and fever. Kidney stones increase the risks by causing UTIs. High fever with chills can be dangerous if not treated. Also, the root cause of the infection of the urinary tract needs to be treated to prevent any further complications of kidney disease. Fever can also be a symptom of any underlying cold or flu conditions but the difference can be diagnosed by the physician by evaluating the presence of other symptoms along with fever.
Swelling of the abdomen and kidney:
If the kidney stone is large in the size than it might even cause obstruction in the flow of urine and prevent it passing through the urethra to its way out. It can create a urine backlog inside the body, leading to various other serious symptoms. It might even cause an intense painful swelling of the kidneys upon reaching a critical stage. Once any of the kidneys begins with swelling it will be noticeable. Since pain will also be accompanied by the swelling and inflammation of the entire abdominal region and groin area will become prominent and evident for the kidney stone presence. Immediate treatment is required to deal with the situation to avoid any complications. Further, the body can go into sepsis or shock state as the body is full of unwanted toxins.
After observing few symptoms of the kidney stones one must seek for the physician’s appointment for further evaluation through tests for confirmation and treatment of the disease. None of the above-mentioned symptoms must be ignored to avoid any further future kidney disease complications. Any delay in treatment might affect the function of kidney leading to complications. Although renal failure is nowhere nearby the presence of stones however negligence can lead to any fatal situation if not treated at the right time.