Introduction to type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Type1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes, is an unending condition in which the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin. Insulin is a hormone which is needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to generate energy. Multiple components including hereditary qualities and some infections may add to type1 diabetes.
In spite of the fact that type1 diabetes generally shows up amid childhood, it can also develop in adults. Regardless of dynamic research, it is unfortunate to say that type 1 diabetes has no cure. The patient requires being on medication for the rest of their lives. Treatment centers on maintaining the blood sugar levels with insulin, eating regimen and lifestyle to avert issues and complications
Type2 diabetes is the most widely recognized category of diabetes. It is a chronic issue because of which the blood glucose (sugar) can no longer be managed. This is because of two main reasons. First one is because of the cells of the body develop a resistance to insulin. Insulin is the main component because of which the glucose moves out of the blood and into the cells where it is utilized as fuel for energy production.
Further, when the cells have become insulin resistant, it requires additional insulin to move sugar into the cells, and an excessive amount of sugar remains in the blood. After some time, if the cells need more insulin, the pancreas can’t make enough insulin to keep up and starts to fizzle.
What are the symptoms of type1 and type2 diabetes?
The symptoms of type1 diabetes are relatively sudden. However, these are mentioned below:
- Feeling thirsty and hungry all the time followed by frequent urination.
- Peeing in bed for children who were previously conscious in the night.
- Weight loss for no reason at all.
- Mood swings.
- Obscured vision
Type 2: This type of diabetes grows slowly over years, so the symptoms are clear and visible. If you are overweight, this is the real side effect, however not every person will be obese. In some cases, weight loss is also a symptom of type2 diabetes. Most of the symptoms of type1 and type2 diabetes are quite common.
However, different symptoms of type2 diabetes are:
- Fatigue, excess urination, excess thirst, unfit vision, etc are some of the common symptoms.
- Increased time in healing wounds
- Tingling of body parts like feet.
- Black skin near the groin and under the armpits.
- Erectile dysfunction.
The symptoms of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar.
Type2 diabetes is a state of glucose deregulation. Generally, blood sugar is too high; however, it additionally can be too low. This happens when you take medicines prior a meal and then skip it. Blood sugar can also rise rapidly after eating a high glycemic index meal, and then it falls in a couple of hours, diving into hypoglycemia (low glucose).
The indications of hypoglycemia can incorporate the following:
- Feeling lightheaded or dizzy
- Trouble in focusing on something
- Excessive sweating
- Change in vision, such as obscuring or narrowing of the visual field
- Feeling physically low
- Laziness and sleepy
- Irritations and mood swings
The symptoms of hyperglycemia or high blood sugar.
Hyperglycemia, or high glucose, is regular in type2 diabetes. Its signs and side effects can be either intense (short in span) or chronic.
Intense indications are:
- Feeling tired
- Feeling vision is hazy or foggy
- Extreme thirst followed by frequent urination.
Long-term symptoms can include:
- Obscuring skin under armpits, neck, thighs and other parts of the body.
- Contagious infections on the skin like ringworm.
- Weight gain
- Sexual problems
- Tingling, numbness or burning sensations in the feet
What are the causes of type1 and type2 diabetes?
Type1 diabetes: The correct reason for type 1 diabetes is obscure. But it is found that the body’s own immune system — which regularly battles unsafe bacteria and infections — erroneously decimates the insulin-delivering (islets of Langerhans) cells in the pancreas.
Apart from this, other causes include:
- Hereditary qualities or genetics: The presence of some specific genes demonstrates an increased risk.
- Exposure to infections and other natural factors
- Family history: Anybody with a parent or kin with type 1 diabetes may have a risk of developing the condition.
- Geographical location: The frequency of type 1 diabetes tends to increase as you travel far from the equator.
- Age: In spite of the fact that type1 diabetes can show up at any age, it shows up at two observable peaks. The primary pinnacle happens in kids in the age group of 4 and 7 years, and the second peak is in the children of 10 and 14 years of age.
Type2 diabetes: it can be turned around with tireless attention for changing the lifestyle behaviors. Type2 diabetes is caused by a blend of hereditary qualities and unfortunate way of living habits. Some ethnic groups may have a higher acquired occurrence of it. African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are some of the examples of such groups.
The remaining causes are the unhealthy lifestyle habits like:
- Eating excessive sugar and carbs.
- Eating or drinking foods with simulated sweeteners
- Staying far away from physical exercise
- Being under stress for a long period of time
Both the type1 and type2 diabetes are conditions related to the production of insulin hormone by the liver. Insulin provides access to sugar (glucose) to enter your cells where it is utilized to create energy.
However, if there is not sufficient insulin in your body, then the glucose in your bloodstream will remain there and it will increase your blood sugar levels. The causes behind these conditions are both genetic and unhealthy lifestyle. Unfortunately, Type1 has no cure and requires lifetime medication but type2 can be treated with proper medication and adopting a healthy lifestyle.