Overview of diabetes
Diabetes is such metabolic disorder which develops when the blood glucose or sugar levels reach too high and leads to hyperglycemia condition. The body utilizes glucose to obtain energy for performing various functions of the body. The pancreas is responsible for the production of insulin hormone. Insulin further helps to convert the available glucose in the body into energy. The body receives the glucose from the food we eat. Whenever the body either fails to produce sufficient amounts of insulin or completely fails to produce any of insulin or the produced insulin does not perform its function due to some malfunction than it leads all the way to diabetes condition.
Mainly diabetes if of two types- Type 1 and Type 2:
Type 1 Diabetes:
It is also known as juvenile diabetes. Since its diagnosis occurs normally in childhood. It is an autoimmune condition when the body fails to produce insulin because the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
Type 2 Diabetes:
In this, the cells become insensitive or resistant to the insulin. It further stops the utilization of blood glucose for conversion to release energy. It leads to high levels of sugar in the blood over the time. Several medicines are available to treat this.
Pre-diabetes and its symptoms
Pre-diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are high than normal however the person not yet have a diabetes diagnosis. It is mainly a risk factor for developing diabetes any time soon in future. Its symptoms might include frequent urination, excessive thirst, gaining weight etc. It requires frequent checkup since the condition involves high blood glucose levels but they are not sufficiently high to lead a diagnosis of diabetes. So get a Diabetes Test done every regular interval like quarterly or monthly whenever you notice any symptoms.
Few diabetes symptoms peculiar to men
Few symptoms of diabetes that appear in men include:
- Low testosterone levels which further leads to decreased libido or sex drive
- Impotency can happen over the time because of erectile dysfunction (ED)
- Ejaculation disorders
Few symptoms are commonly seen in all diabetic patients
Following are the few signs and symptoms which appear both in men and women and must be noticed:
- Frequent urination urge or abnormal color and odor of urine indicating kidney problems
- Feeling more thirst and hunger
- Abrupt weight gain or loss
- Excessive fatigue or tiredness
- Blurry vision and even cataract might appear in eyes
- Skin infections and wound healing takes longer time
- Skin problems like darkening of the skin
- Numbness or tingling in hands, legs, and feet
- Nausea, diarrhea, and stomach sickness
- Neuralgia or pain in nerves
- Fruity or sweet breath odor
How does diabetes affect men differently than women?
Men with significantly low levels of testosterone hormone are more prone to develop diabetes than the men with normal testosterone levels. Also, low testosterone levels cause low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, retrograde ejaculation (ejaculation cause semen release in the bladder instead of letting it come out of the body via urethra), depression and these all lead to impotence and is peculiar to happen in men not women.
What are risk factors for diabetes?
Gender acts as a risk factor for diabetes. Men are usually at higher risk than women for developing specifically type 2 diabetes.
Few other risk factors in general include:
- Obesity is a leading factor to invite diabetic condition
- Ethnicity is another important factor as Hispanics, Asians, and African Americans are more prone to diabetes.
- A family history of diabetes
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Smoking habit
- Sleep apnea
- Low levels of testosterone mainly in men
- Consistent sedentary lifestyle with complete lack of exercise or activities
- An unhealthy diet with high sugar or calorie intake
What are the health complications of diabetes in long-term?
Long-term complications associated with diabetes include:
- Kidney disease
- Hypertension or blood pressure issues
- Retinopathy or any kind of optic nerve damage even might lead to blindness
- Heart disease
- Neuralgia or nerve pain due to nerve damage
- Skin problems mainly infections which do not heal for long durations
- Yeast infections especially in female genital organs
- Peripheral vascular disease
If you observe any symptoms of diabetes do not ignore and immediately seek your physician’s appointment. It is always worth checking even if you do not end up with a diagnosis of diabetes. Since it is better to get an early diagnosis and treatment rather than delaying and letting disease worse and affect other organs.
Type 1 diabetes:
symptoms usually appear quickly the moment body gets impaired with the disease. Usually, people with Type 1 get diabetes diagnosis in their childhood or early adulthood. Its symptoms are more prominently seen in children rather than adults. Not treating it on time causes complications in future like diabetic ketoacidosis leading to a fatal coma situation.
Type 2 diabetes:
develops slowly and its symptoms appear gradually. There are more chances of delay in diagnosis or missing it until they are significant. In the initial stages, it becomes harder to analyze its symptoms. But if this type of diabetes is treated in time then chances are it might affect major organs of the body, including kidneys, heart, eyes, nerves, and blood vessels. So the best way to escape diabetes-associated complications is its early diagnosis and further controlling your blood sugar levels to prevent future complications,