Diabetes in Children : Interesting Facts

Type 1 diabetes in children is more common than type 2. Type 1 diabetes was called juvenile diabetes. It occurs when the body is no longer able to produce insulin. Your child needs insulin to survive, which means that it has to be delivered from an outer source like an injection. Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes.

In many cases, the diagnosis often comes out of nowhere. Although this is due to lack of knowledge, the parent and the child suddenly have to learn to live differently. It can be overwhelming, to say the least. Living with type 1 diabetes means that you have to closely watch your diet, monitor your blood sugar, and take injections.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Children

Let us take a look at some of the common symptoms. Knowing these will help you know if someone might be diabetic. Parents need to be aware of the symptoms of diabetes in children.

Diabetes in Children


Lack of sugar in the body may make your child tired. Fatigue is a common symptom in children. It can easily be overlooked as being exhausted. But, keep a close watch for other symptoms as well.

Increased Hunger

It is completely normal to feel overly hungry sometimes and indulge yourself. But, if that is happening too often then there might be an underlying cause. When enough insulin does not reach the cells, the organs and muscles lack energy. This creates intense hunger.

Behavior Changes

There can be many causes that change a child’s behavior. Behavioral changes are also overlooked as being a phase. But, the child is easily irritable and has mood swings that are unlike him or her. It might be due to diabetes.

Weight Loss

Despite the increase in food intake, your child may lose weight. Sometimes, weight loss can be rather sudden. This is due to the lack of energy supply to the cells, which makes the muscles and tissues shrink. Weight loss without an explanation is often one of the biggest signs of diabetes in children.

Blurred Vision

When the blood sugar is high for a long period, it can even go to the lenses of the child’s eyes. This can cause their vision to get ‘blurry.’ Leaving diabetes untreated affects all organs of the body especially the eyes. Therefore, if blurred vision is accompanied by any other symptoms, get it checked out.

Yeast infection

This is more common in girls. Young girls can get regular genital yeast infections if they are diabetic. In the case of babies, they develop a rash.

Risk Factors

Once young children get diagnosed with diabetes, parents get really worried. The question that concerns the parents more is what could have caused it. Although there is ongoing research, we do not know for sure what exactly causes type-1 diabetes. However, there are some risk factors that you should know about.


Sometimes, it’s the genetics that is at fault. Some genes carry an increased risk of type-1 diabetes.

Family History

If there is someone in your close family that’s diabetic, it increases the chances of your child.


Type-1 diabetes is more common in white children rather than in any other race.

There are certain environmental factors that play a crucial role as well.


However, there is no particular food that causes diabetes or helps to stop it. Early intake of cow’s milk has been linked to diabetes in children.


Exposure to different kinds of viruses can trigger the autoimmune destruction of the cells.

Type 2 diabetes

Type-2 diabetes in children is less common than type-1. One of the main reasons that children get type-2 diabetes is due to increased weight. Overweight or obese children are at increased risk of type-2 diabetes. This is because resistance against insulin builds up in the body. It can also be due to a lack of physical activity.

Feed healthy and nutritional food to your child. Diseases will be at bay if they are healthy. Also, try to limit their chocolate and junk food intake as it is quite harmful. Rarely type-2 diabetes is caused by a hormonal or medical condition. The symptoms are the same as mentioned above.

It can take the whole family by surprise to know that the child is diabetic. All of a sudden you have to learn how to manage the blood sugar, how to take the injection, etc. It can be difficult at first. But, with time, it becomes more of a routine.

Take Proper Care of your Child

Make sure that the child does everything. And that you don’t do it for them. It can be hard at first. But, diabetes is something that the patient can manage the best. You can be beside them to give them the support they need. Help the child manage their diet. It can make the blood sugar spike or dropdown.

There is a learning curve with diabetes. Once you go through it, it becomes just like any other part of your routine. The child can go on to do everything that a non-diabetic child can do.

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