Heart rates might vary from one person to another. But there is certainly a normal value of heart rate which is considered to be normal.
What is a dangerous heart rate? How do we know about it?
This question might be very simple to ask but the answer is very important. Whenever your heart rate reaches too fast pace it leads to tachycardia. In adults, a heart rate over 100 beats per minute is usually considered too fast. However, the definition of too fast is ideally analyses depending upon your age and overall health of a person.
Tachycardia is classified into several different types. Its classification varies as per its cause along with affected part of the heart. Sometimes tachycardia condition can be temporary due to some other underlying condition or trigger.
Following are few probable causes of tachycardia:
- Stress and fatigue
- Heart diseases like congenital heart disease, heart attack etc.
- Excessive caffeine consumption
- Immoderated alcohol consumption
- Excessive smoking
- Any underlying health condition
- Intense exercise or physical activity
- Change in body position from sitting to standing can increase heart rate
- Drug abuse like cocaine consumption etc.
- Medication side effects cause a spike in heart rate
- Temperature increase also causes a spike in heart rate
- Obesity also increases the resting heart rate since the heart has to work harder for supplying blood to the body
Besides these, some other factors which cause fluctuation in heart rate and causes bradycardia include:
- Aging also impacts resting heart rate and it decreases with age
- Medication side effect like beta-blockers impacts resting heart rate and decreases its rate
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Obstructive sleep apnea also causes a decrease in heart rate
- Myocarditis, myocardial infarction, and few other heart-related issues
- Lupus, rheumatic fever and other inflammatory diseases
Bradycardia is a condition in which heart rate is significantly slow. It has a typical heart rate with less than 60 beats per minute.
However, for athletic people who exercise regularly and has a heart rate under 60 beats per minute, it is considered normal.
When can heart rate turn out to be dangerous?
As specified earlier, tachycardia and bradycardia both are indicators of some underlying health condition. In case you are experiencing either of it then your underlying condition requires diagnosis and treatment. Because underlying conditions are mainly the root cause of tachycardia and bradycardia.
So it becomes important that following abnormal signs and symptoms are noticed to seek for doctor’s advice and treatment options:
- Shortness of breath
- Dizziness or light headed
- Pain in chest etc.
Otherwise, fluctuations in heart rate, either too low or high for an extended period of time can even lead to several complications like:
- Complete heart failure
- Blood clots
- Cardiac arrest etc.
When to see a doctor?
You must certainly see a doctor in case you are experiencing consistent abnormal heart rate. Extreme high or low both are fatal conditions for life and hence must not be ignored in any case. Fluctuations in heart rate can turn out be fatal for life if not treated at the right time.
You must be very vigilant about few symptoms indicating emergency situation and heart rate disorders like:
- Shortness of breath (SOB) or difficulty in breathing
- Fluttering or palpitations
- Chest pain
You must see a doctor immediately if you observe one or more above mentioned symptoms. You might also be suggested to get a few tests done:
This test is commonly known as ECG or EKG. This test of the heart helps the doctor to analyze the presence of any heart abnormalities causing symptoms.
This is another common test of the heart known as the echocardiogram. It helps the doctor to know more about the presence of structural abnormalities in the heart.
Few other additional tests are also done to analyze thyroid disease or electrolyte imbalance which can also trigger abnormal heart rate.
You should always take good care of your heart health. This can be, done easily by following three steps: a regular exercise routine, heart-friendly diet plan, and maintaining a healthy body weight. A cardiologist can help in preventing and treating any of the heart and circulatory related diseases. You should always get your heart tests, done at regular intervals ensuring its healthiness for long. Early diagnosis of any disease can only help in early treatment and avoids complicated fatal diseases. Several heart troubles like cholesterol issues, heart rate abnormalities etc. can easily be, diagnosed at early beginning stages during routine tests. So stop ignoring and opt for a Regular Routine Test for a healthy heart.
You must be very cautious in case you are already facing any heart troubles. Few tips and precautions can help in maintaining the heart health and avoid worsening of the condition.
Following are few easy to follow heart-healthy tips:
- Cultivate few de-stressing habits like yoga and meditation as it helps the body to calm and relax by maintaining normal blood pressure levels.
- Reduce your daily caffeine and coffee intake.
- Limit your alcohol consumption.
- Quit smoking because it’s it increases heart rate.
- Only take prescribed medications and consult your doctor before taking any over the counter medications to avoid any self-medication errors and complicate the pre-existing diseased condition.
Resting heart rate can significantly vary from one person to another. It certainly gets, affected by a few factors. However, a normal heart rate in an adult ranges between 60 and 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia or tachycardia are both indicators of some underlying health condition, which needs attention. So do not delay any further if you are experiencing any such troubles and consult a doctor and get an ECG Test, done asap. Your doctor can also suggest some additional tests to find out the root cause of disease so Kindly do not ignore them and get them also, done to ensure your own safety and avoid bigger risks of life.