Colon Cancer Chemotherapy treats cancer patients. Also known as Colorectal Cancer. Seems like this cancer has become common among people below the age of 50. Around 6 out of 12 types of cancer are now observed among young adults. It is the third most common type of cancer found in people. Colon cancer highly affects the large intestine. The symptoms are not noticed during the early stage. Likewise, they usually start to show up at a later stage. Gastrointestinal problems are some of the common symptoms. Chemotherapy or Surgery is the most effective treatment for this cancer.
There are 4 stages of Colon Cancer:
First Stage: During the first stage there are no symptoms. Because cancer grows within the layer of tissue but does not reach the lymph nodes or organs.
Second Stage: Even during the second stage, changes are not noticed. Furthermore, cancer only reaches the outer layer and walls of the colon, but not beyond it.
Third Stage: Cancer touches the outer layer of the colon. As a result, starts spreading through the outer lymph nodes.
Fourth Stage: Cancer spreads to the other organs during the last stage. Like the liver or lungs and gradually affects the whole body.
Major Symptoms of Colon Cancer:
- Constant Diarrhea or Constipation
- Change in consistency of stool
- Rectal Bleeding
- Changes in bowel movement regularity
- Abdominal pain or cramps
- Constant fatigue or weakness
- Sudden weight loss
- Excessive Gas
Risk factors that could lead to the possibility:
Generally, Colon Cancer affects people above 50 years of age. When diagnosed with it, immediate attention should be given. Also possible, that if a person already had colon cancer or noncancerous colon polyps seems like they are at higher risk. Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) causes genes mutation.
Higher consumption of red meat and processed meat increases the risk. While some of the other factors are obesity, diabetes, smoking, and alcohol consumption.
Chemotherapy for Colon Cancer
The most commonly used therapy by doctors to eliminate cancer from the body is chemotherapy. While several screening options exist, doctor prescribed Chemotherapy. The drugs remove cancer cells present inside the body. Drugs are pushed into the blood during the therapy session. Because drugs will reach every part of the body through the blood. As a result, the drugs target cancer cells everywhere in the body. Various ways are available to provide chemotherapy. It is given through injection or orally. Types of Colon Cancer Chemotherapy are:
Palliative Way of Colon Cancer Chemotherapy
Palliative chemo is applied when cancer spreads from the large intestine to the liver or lungs. Besides, surgery is not advisable at this stage. Doctors use palliative chemo method to reduce the size of the tumor. In rare cases, the tumor gets eliminated.
Adjuvant Way of Colon Cancer Chemotherapy
Adjuvant chemo treatment is done after the tumor is surgically removed. Because the surgery does not guarantee the complete elimination of cancer cells from the body. Hence, this treatment kills the remaining cancer cells that couldn’t be removed through the surgery.
Neoadjuvant Way of Colon Cancer Chemotherapy
Neoadjuvant chemo shrinks the size of the tumor. Likewise, doctors give neoadjuvant chemo before surgery. As a result, the treatment works through the radiations. Because radiations make it more effective than any other mode of treatment.
Types of Surgery advised for Colon Cancer
1. Laparoscopic Surgery
Doctors insert several viewing scopes into the abdomen during surgery. They remove the tumor from the body through laparoscopic surgery. Because of which the recovery time in this surgery is short. Specially trained surgeons performs laparoscopic surgery.
2. Colostomy for Rectal Cancer
The person suffering from Colon Cancer need to have a colostomy. Doctors connect the colon to the abdominal surface through a colostomy. Many times, the patient receives radiation therapy and chemotherapy before the surgery. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy reduce the size of a tumor.
Ablation is a method for cancer treatment that can destroy a tumor without removing it. Radiofrequency, ethanol, or cryosurgery are used for ablation. Doctors use a probe or needle during ultrasound or CT scanning technology.
4. CT colonography
A CT machine takes images of the colon. Conventional colonoscopy is essential to treat the symptoms. Conventional colonoscopy is essential for treatment. Patients with increased risk of colon cancer get treated with CT colonography. This technique is an alternative to a colonoscopy. CT colonography provides less-invasive, better-tolerated, and with good analytical accuracy.
Drugs used for Colon Cancer Chemotherapy
Commonly used drugs during chemotherapy depends on the cancer stage. Drugs used during chemotherapy are:
Trifluridine and tipiracil (Lonsurf)
These drugs help in eliminating and treating a tumor. In contrast, patients also suffer from various side-effects. They can suffer from hair-loss, sore mouth, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and more.
Colon Cancer is a slow-growing tumor. Hence, it can be prevented through a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, regular exercise, for women there is a hormone replacement therapy which increases the intake of Estrogen and Progesterone after menopause which may help in preventing Colon cancer in women.
Always get regular medical check-ups and screenings done on time. Check for early symptoms. Small issues lead to a bigger problem one day. Follow a healthy lifestyle and pay attention to your body. Researchers have found that drinking coffee every day or even a decaffeinated coffee can help to lower down the risk of Colon Cancer.
What you should keep in mind?
Furthermore, Colon Cancer returns or regrows inside the body. Therefore, a person should always go for regular screenings and tests in order to avoid the possible return of Colon Cancer in the body.