What is cholesterol and what happens when cholesterol is high?
Cholesterol is a type of fat which is found in the blood and needed by the body to function properly. Cholesterol is made by the liver and is used as a structure to instruct the proper functioning of other hormones and chemicals essential for the body functions. However, our body needs only a certain amount of cholesterol and the rest is conglomerated in other parts of the body hence it is important to look forward for cholesterol management tricks and tips.
The places where cholesterol is likely to be deposited are the walls of the arteries. This, in turn, obstructs the normal flow of blood to the entire body as a result of which the body starts to dysfunction.
Since most of the depositions take place in the artery walls, the diseases that our body gets prone to are as follows
- heart attack
- peripheral artery disease
Our body makes use of a meager amount of cholesterol to manufacture some numerous hormones, Vitamin D and bile acids which is mainly used to digest fat.
When a person has more cholesterol in their blood than needed it gets deposited into places like
- Coronary arteries of the heart
- Carotid arteries of the brain
- All those articles which supply blood to the legs and intestines
What causes high cholesterol?
There are a variety of factors which can be the reason to cause high cholesterol, some being the most definite ones and the others being catalyst agents. Let us have a look at the factors that cause high cholesterol.
Sometimes due to genetic reasons, a person is not able to metabolize LDL or bad cholesterol. Also, there is a form of high cholesterol which when, passed on from one generation to another leads to a heart disease at an early age which is known, as familial hypercholesterolemia.
Weight and high cholesterol go hand in hand as a result of which the more the weight the increased level of bad cholesterol. However, the good part is that the cholesterol level decreases with the lessening of weight.
Consumption of a peg or two might help in increasing the content of good cholesterol in the body, however, this does not mean that it lessen the content of bad cholesterol too. Heavy drinking can trigger damaging of liver and heart muscles, high blood pressure, and increment in the triglyceride levels of the body.
It is a dangerous condition which increases the cholesterol level in the blood in the long run. Mental stress takes the bait of our habit and ruins our entire system thus causing the cholesterol level to increase. For example, there are some people who find their solace in eating junk food if they are, depressed as a result of which they keep eating junk. Now the levels of the saturated fat and cholesterol in these types of food are present in such large quantities that they, in turn, start increasing the cholesterol content in the blood.
Food that helps to decrease the cholesterol content in the blood
Certain types of food which, help in lowering the cholesterol level of the body. Some super foods found, high in fiber and they actually bind the cholesterol making it tougher to be, absorbed by the blood. Few plants which contain substances like stamina and sterols, which are also very active in preventing the absorption of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
Some examples of the food which are low in cholesterol are as follows:
- Citrus fruits
- Fatty fish
- Oats, barley, and other whole grains
- Some types of orange juice and margarine which contain sterols and stanols.
Food to avoid because they raise cholesterol levels
Type of food which, help on increasing the cholesterol level and this types of food you need to avoid, if you are with high cholesterol, at any cost.
- Egg yolks
- Processed meat like bacon
- Baked savories made with animal fat like lard
- Dairy products like some kinds of cheese, like cream cheese and butter
- Junk food like hamburger, French fries, fried chicken etc.
- Red meat
- Processed snacks like microwave popcorn due to the excessive presence of salt and butter in them
Changes in lifestyle that help to help in Cholesterol Management
In order to keep our cholesterol content in check, we must abide by a few rules and regulations that can help in making the cholesterol content in the bloodless. Apart from eating healthy and noncholesterol infested food, a few modifications in our lifestyle can produce miraculous results, some of which are as follows:
Maintaining a proportional weight-
Like it is, said before the weight of the body is a primary cause of the increment of the cholesterol content. This is why people should avoid being excessively obese and maintain a proportionate weight which keeps the cholesterol level in control.
Say no to smoking-
Although smoking decreases the rate of the heart attack it definitely does increase the level of cholesterol in the blood as a result of which we should immediately stop smoking.
A daily thirty-minute regime of rigorous exercise initiates the increase of good cholesterol in the blood. However, if a person is a patient of any heart or lung disease. Hence, you need a detailed, discussion with the doctor about the types of exercises to be, done.
- Indulge inactivity-
Freehand exercises might be having a very meager amount of effect on the bad cholesterol, the aerobic exercises may improve insulin sensitivity, good cholesterol levels and also triglyceride level thus lowering the risk of heart diseases.
People who have a marginalized diet plan and also exercise regularly, they can do away with high cholesterol content with the lifestyle modifications and also get away from chances of heart-related diseases. Although men have the risk of high cholesterol level all throughout their lives. For women, the chances increase with the advent of menopause.