Hyperthyroidism condition is related to the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland present in the neck. This gland controls various functions in the body. The major role is to control the metabolic process. Several problems can occur in the gland. This problem affects its shape and function. Further, this gland uses iodine to produce various hormones. Functions of the thyroid gland are controlled by a central system. So, a problem in the central system also affects its working.
What is Hyperthyroidism Condition?
A Hyperthyroidism condition is caused by increased production of hormones. This condition is not very common as other thyroid problems. That is why it becomes difficult to identify it. Because in mild cases, the signs are not clearly visible. The most common symptom is increased food intake. Generally, it does not seem to disturb the patient. Hyperthyroidism is also known as Grave’s disease. In this, the body’s immune system attack the thyroid gland. As a result, the thyroid gland releases hormones in excess.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism Condition
Hyperthyroidism can lead to various health conditions. One may lose pounds quickly. Likewise, one may have a fast heartbeat. Similarly, one can sweat a lot of panic in small problems. Else, there will be no signs and symptoms at all. In fact, the doctor might find this while doing checkups for another reason. But, one can feel the following symptoms in general:
- Weakness with shaky hands
- Anxiety and Depression
- Fast heartbeat with sweating
- Weight loss with the continuous loss of bone density
- Irregular periods
- Hair loss
In the case of these symptoms, one should consult the doctor. Without treatment, hyperthyroidism condition can cause serious problems. These include heart and bone problems as well.
Treatment of Hyperthyroidism Condition
Thyroid disease is quite common all over the world. In the lead, India is no longer an exception. Around 42 million people in India face thyroid problems. Hyperthyroidism condition is considered as one of the thyroid problems. This condition is more common in females. But it can occur in children as well. A study was conducted for 800 children with the thyroid. Out of which, 79% are suffering from hyperthyroidism condition. These are the results of a Mumbai based clinic.
Hence, Medicines for hyperthyroidism are readily available.
Beta-blocker is the most common medicine. Because they help in reducing the symptoms. Fast heartbeat and panic rate are decreased after a single dose. Although, these drugs weaken the effect of hormones. But, it does not act on the thyroid gland. Moreover, it does not decrease the production of hormones. Hence, they just give temporary relief to the initial signs.
Another treatment is anti-thyroid drugs. These medicines are used in Grave’s disease. Also, it is used in the severe case of hyperthyroidism condition. These drugs prevent the gland from producing excess hormones. As a result, the efficiency of the thyroid gland is reduced. These drugs improve the condition just in few weeks. On a bad note, these drugs cause some side effects as well. Like a fever, rashes, itching, etc. are noticed. But, these side effects are not very common. However, these drugs can affect the liver in rare cases. One needs to stop the medicine if the side effect continues.
The most popular and effective treatment is radioactive iodine. The thyroid cells carry iodine throughout the body. That is, thyroid cells are the only cells to take iodine. When radioactive iodine is given, it targets thyroid cells. As a result of radioactivity, thyroid cells are killed. Since iodine is absorbed only in thyroid cells. Other cells of the body are not exposed to radioactivity. Take radioactive iodine orally. This method might take a few months to cure completely. But, radioactivity should be eliminated from the body soon. However, there is a common side effect of this. That is, sometimes the thyroid gland is suppressed more. Due to this, there will not be enough thyroid hormones in the body.
Another method for treating hyperthyroidism is surgical removal. It is also a permanent cure for hyperthyroidism. But, this method is not a healthy option. As it involves the risk. Doctors, normally, do not refer to surgery. Like, in pregnancy or when the patient cannot tolerate drugs. Besides, one has to use hormones for life long for regular processing. You will take hormones supplements as well.
Apart from all the above treatments, one can change their diet. Because sometimes this will be enough to reverse the condition. One can take a diet with low iodine. Such as using non-iodized salt. Also, including fruits and vegetables is helpful. Avoid seafood, cheese, and egg yolks.
Calcium and vitamin D supplements also work amazing. One can take supplements or include calcium-rich food. Such as almond milk, orange juice, spinach, etc.
Essential oils help in relieving hyperthyroidism. For example, myrrh essential oil is effective. One can apply it on the neck. Avoid using the oil as the sole treatment for hyperthyroidism.
Yes, Hyperthyroidism can be cured. Therefore, one needs to take better precautions at the initial stage. It will help you reduce the condition gradually. But, it depends on the level of condition. Also, it depends on one’s willingness and efforts to cure it. However, the patient might have to take lifelong medicine for this.