Diabetes patients can be suggested to have routine blood tests. This is decided on the basis of their glucose level. We will be discussing the blood test for diabetes in detail. Based on different tests, the statistical numbers for a healthy person have been given. On the basis of the present data, tips for controlling diabetes and keeping the person healthy are suggested.
Diabetes patients can have mainly three types of diabetes. These are Type1, type 2 and gestational one. In all of the cases, the patient’s body stops making or using insulin.
Types of Diabetes
The pancreas of the person stops producing insulin in this condition. It does not show any specific symptoms. It is diagnosed only after a significant increase. This condition can develop due to different reasons. It may be family history, reduced size of pancreas and infection in pancreases.
The patient’s body can’t use the insulin produced in this condition. The problem is also named as insulin resistance. The main risk factors are obesity, gestational diabetes, family history, age, and reduced glucose tolerance. In the U.S, this is affecting children also due to an unhealthy lifestyle.
This is related to pregnant women showing diabetic symptoms. This type of diabetes leads to type2 diabetes at a later stage in life. Similar to type2, the main cause of this is again overweight.
For the diagnosis of all types of diabetes, blood and urine tests can be performed. Urine test is not the preferred choice for type 2 patients. Because urine tests can only identify higher sugar levels in the body. Thus, blood tests are the preferred choice.
Blood Test for Diagnosis
To identify the sugar level in the body, the following tests are considered:
1. Haemoglobin A1c Test
A1c is the blood test that measures the average glucose level in the blood. In this, the blood is taken from the finger or vein of the arm of the diabetes patients. This is not like the regular home test for diabetes. Checking at home gives the result in a moment only. In this case, the blood samples are then sent to the lab which follows NGSP rules for testing. Hence it is time-taking as well. This test considers the past 3 months and shows the average. This is the first choice for most of the cases. Hence, this test is also referred to as the primary diagnosis.
It is used to diagnose type2 and prediabetes. The test can’t be used to diagnose type1 or gestational diabetes. Because it may produce inaccurate results in these cases.
Different Percentage of the Glucose Level has Different Meaning is Listed below:
- For a healthy person, hemoglobin A1c test results show 5.7% or less. Higher readings mean the higher glucose level. Consequently, the person has a lower chance of having damage to the eyes, kidney, and nerves.
- Sugar level ranges from 5.8 to 6.4 % reveals the development stage. The person is more likely to have type2 diabetes later in life.
- Sugar level higher than 6.5% has already turned into diabetes patients. The person is advised to follow medical advice.
2. Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
This test is also named as FPG. As the name suggests, a person should not eat or drink anything. A person should not take anything 8 hours before the test. In most of the cases, the test is conducted early morning. The blood sample is collected from the finger with the finger stick test. The other way is to collect from the arm vein in a vial.
The test is performed for diagnosing diabetes patients suffering type2 and prediabetes. In addition to this, the A1c test can also be performed to get more accurate results. Further, the results can be analyzed as below:
- Glucose levels lower than 100mg/dl are treated as normal.
- The glucose level from 100 to 125 mg/dl shows the chances of developing.
- Value more than 126 mg/dl suggests regular medicines for diabetes.
3. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
This test is conducted every two hours interval. The blood sample is collected with fasting first. Following that, the patient is asked to have a glucose syrup. After two hours the blood glucose is checked again. Test results below 140 mg/dl are treated as normal. On the other hand, above two 200 mg/dl are the diabetes case.
A study shows the success rates of the A1C test alone. It missed 73% of the diabetes patients at first. Therefore, it is further identified with OGTT.
4. Random Plasma Glucose Test
Without fasting, the glucose level can be checked with the RPG test. The blood sample can be taken at any time during the day. In this case, eating history is not checked.
- Readings more than 200 mg/dl approves that you should consult the doctor.
Tips for All Types of Diabetes Patients
Diabetes can’t be removed permanently. But maintaining a healthy lifestyle can control the glucose level in the blood.
There is no particular diet regime for diabetes patients. The person should consume sugar in the form of natural fruits only thereby controlling glucose level. One should include foods that are high in fiber and nutrition.
Everybody needs to include some kind of exercise in their daily routine. Exercise helps in blood circulation. It helps in supplying more oxygen to the body. Hence, it makes insulin sensitive. Thus, one should consider at least 30 minutes of brisk walk regularly.