In simple terms, blood lipids are all the fatty substances that are found on blood. These include substances like fatty acids and cholesterol. Blood Lipids include blood lipid packages like Total Cholesterol, Low-Density Lipoprotein, High-Density Lipoprotein, and Triglycerides. The level of blood lipids in the blood can change and this can cause many disorders.
What are Blood Lipid Disorders?
There are many types of blood lipid disorders that can cause serious health problems to individuals if necessary steps are not taken to solve these health issues. Some of the blood lipid disorders hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia, nephritic syndrome, hypercholesterolemia, familial hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, and hypolipoproteinemia among other such problems. Blood lipid disorders are caused by the change in the levels of these blood lipids in the bloodstream and can cause many health issues. The following are some of the major symptoms of blood lipid disorders:
Causes of Blood Lipid Disorders
- There are different types of blood lipids disorders and the symptoms vary when it comes to different types of blood lipids disorders.
- A common cause for these types of disorders in genes. High cholesterol and many such types of blood lipids disorders are hereditary. This means that people with a history of blood lipid disorders and a history of cardiovascular diseases are more prone to such problems. There are many genetic problems that contribute to blood lipid disorders.
- There are many lifestyle problems that can cause such disorders. No exercise and very fat-rich diet is an important risk factor and cause for such disorders. Cholesterol-laden food, lower level of HDL in the blood, and grease and oily food are all risk factors for such disorders. Obesity, drinking, and smoking is other risk factors for these disorders.
- Blood Lipids Disorders are caused if a person is suffering from various other diseases. Such type of disorders is called secondary lipids disorders and are caused by diseases like diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, obstructive liver disease, and kidney failure and polycystic ovary syndrome.
Symptoms of Blood Lipids Disorders
The symptoms for this disorder include fat build up in the arteries, chest pains and clots in the arteries. High blood pressure is another symptom of this type of disorder.
People who smoke and are prone to obesity can get symptoms of this type of disorder. Consumption of trans fats and saturated fats can also get dyslipidemia. There are no particular symptoms for dyslipidemia but the symptoms of cardiovascular disorders like chest discomfort, shortness of breath, numbness, weakness, pain in the neck, jaw, and coldness in the legs.
Another blood lipid disorder is a kidney disorder, and there are many symptoms for this type of disorder. Severe swelling around the eyes, ankles, and feet are another symptom of this disorder. Excess protein in the urine can cause foamy urine which is a symptom for the Nephrotic syndrome. Weight gain, loss of appetite and fatigue are other symptoms of this disorder.
Some of the symptoms of Hypercholesterolemia include chest pain, small bumps on the skin on the hands, bumps, around the eyes and knees, xanthomas, and yellow deposits of cholesterol around the eyes and on the eyelids. This type of blood lipid disorders can happen from birth and at any age.
Familial Hypercholesterolemia is an inherited condition which happens when people have a history of cardiovascular diseases in the family. The symptoms include chest pain that, caused by activity and xanthomas. Xanthomas are fatty deposits found in tendons, on the knees, elbows, and buttocks. A grey and white deposit around the cornea is another symptom of familial hypercholesterolemia.
Atherosclerosis is the narrowing of arteries due to the buildup of plaque in the arteries. The symptoms include chest pain, pain in the leg or arm, pain in the areas near the blocked artery, shortness of breath, fatigue, confusion, and muscle weakness. Nausea, vomiting, lightheadedness, and abdominal pain are some of the other symptoms of this disease.
There are five types of hyperlipoproteinemia and this can be a secondary disorder also, caused by other diseases like diabetes, hypothyroidism, pancreatitis, use of some drugs and contraceptives. The symptoms include abdominal pain, enlarged spleen or liver, lipid deposits or xanthomas. A heart attack or stroke is a major symptom of this problem and people with a family history of heart disease or diabetes are prone to this disorder.
Treatments for Blood Lipids Disorder
- One of the best ways to treat these types of disorders is to make changes in the lifestyle. This includes daily exercise for at least half an hour and reducing or eliminating alcohol from daily use is a good choice. Quitting
- smoking is another lifestyle change that is, needed for the treatment for blood lipids disorder.
- These types of blood lipids disorders need a strict and balanced diet. The diet has to be low fat and low sodium diet which does not include junk food, fried food, oily and carbohydrate-rich food or food with a lot of salt in it.
- Medication: Each of the types of blood lipids disorders has a series of medications that keep these disorders in check. Doctors that diagnose these diseases or disorders usually prescribe the medication and it is a good idea to follow the exact dosage prescribed by the physicians.
- Sometimes these disorders can cause cardiovascular diseases which can cause blockages in the arteries, blood clots, heart attacks or strokes. There are many common medical procedures and surgeries. These types of surgeries can save a person’s life. There are many pre and post-surgery medications and lifestyle changes which are a part of treating these types of disorders.