Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. This disorder is said to be a ‘developmental disorder’ because symptoms generally appear in the first two years of life.
People with ASD have:
- Difficulty with communication and interaction with other people
- Symptoms that hurt the person’s ability to function properly in school, work and other areas of life.
- Restricted interests and repetitive behaviors
Why is it known as ‘Spectrum’ disorder?
There is a wide variation in the type and severity of symptoms people experience. ASD occurs in all ethnic, racial and economic groups. Though ASD can be a lifelong disorder, treatments and services can improve a person’s symptoms and ability to function.
Types of ASD
There are different types of ASD, these are:
This is known as ‘classic’ autism and this type of spectrum disorder have ‘significant language delays, social and communication challenges and unusual behaviors and interests.’ They are usually affected by intellectual disabilities as well. People with this type of spectrum may also have problems with being, touched by other people; perform restricted or repetitive behaviors and this particular type means that these symptoms, are much more severe.
This is, known to be milder types of autism spectrum disorder. People with this type tend to have unusual behaviors and interests, in addition to social challenges. These symptoms tend to be the most difficult of this type of spectrum as problems with language or intellectual disability do not tend to affect those with Asperger’s.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder
This type is also, known as ‘atypical autism’. Those affected with this type experience milder or fewer symptoms. These people tend to be the highest functioning autistic types and simply do not fit into any other categories or types of autism spectrum disorders. They suffer only from social and communication challenges.
Symptoms of ASD
People with ASD have difficulty with social communication and interaction, restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. Listed below, are some examples of the types of behaviors that are, seen in people diagnosed with ASD.
Not all people with ASD will show all behaviors but most will show several:
- Tending not to look at or listen to people
- Rarely sharing enjoyment of objects or activities by pointing or showing things to others
- Making little or inconsistent eye contact
- Having facial expressions; movements and gestures that do not match what is being, said.
- Also having difficulties with the back and forth of conversation
- Falling to, or being slow to respond to someone calling their name or to other verbal attempts to gain attention.
- Having an unusual tone of voice that may sound sing-song or flat and robot like.
- Getting upset with slight changes in a routine, (included as a repetitive behavior)
- Having a lasting intense interest in certain topics, such as numbers, details or facts.
- Being more or less sensitive than other people to sensory input, such as light, noise, clothing or temperature.
Cure for Autism Spectrum Disorder:
There is no specific cure or any particular medication but after consulting your doctor and their team of experts who will create a treatment strategy and these options may include:
Behavior and communication therapies:
Some programs focus on teaching children how to act in social situations or communicate better with others. And they focus on reducing problem behavior and teaching new skills.
Studies have indicated that children with ASD respond well to highly structure educational programs.
Parents and their family members can learn how to play and interact with their children in ways that promote social interaction skills and teach daily living skills and communication.