Stage 1 Chronic Kidney Disease
A Person with stage 1 CKD or Chronic Kidney Disease has kidney damage with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) at a normal or high level greater than 90 ml/min. There are no symptoms usually to indicate that the kidneys are damaged. Because kidneys do a good job even when they are not functioning at 100 percent, most people will not know they have stage 1 CKD. If they do find out they are in stage 1, it is usually because they were being tested for another condition such as diabetes or high blood pressure (the two leading causes of kidney disease).
An estimated 11 percent of adults aged 20 or older have early (stages 1) Chronic Kidney Diseases, and the prevalence of every stage of CKD is rising. Early stage Chronic Kidney Diseases is usually asymptomatic and typically requires blood and urine testing for diagnosis. Patients with CKD are at an increased risk for mortality, fractures, cardiovascular (CV) disease, bone loss, infections, cognitive impairment, frailty, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Chronic Kidney Diseases is most commonly due to hypertension or diabetes and is less commonly a result of a primary renal disease.
8 possible symptoms you may have stage 1 kidney disease.
If you are at risk for kidney disease due to high blood pressure, diabetes, a family history of kidney failure or if you’re older than age 60, it is important to get tested annually for kidney disease. You must be sure to mention any symptoms that you are experiencing to your healthcare practitioner.
You might feel tired:
A severe decrease in kidney function can lead to a buildup of impurities and toxins in the blood. This may cause people to feel weak, tired and can make it hard to concentrate. Another complication of kidney disease is anaemia, which may cause weakness and fatigue.
You are having trouble sleeping.
When your kidneys are not filtering properly, toxins stay in the blood rather than leaving the body through the urine. This can make it difficult to sleep. There is also a link between obesity and CKD, and sleep apnea is more common in those with chronic kidney disease, compared with the general population.
You have dry and itchy skin.
Healthy kidneys do many important jobs. They remove wastes and extra fluid from your body, help to make red blood cells, help keep bones strong and work to maintain the right amount of minerals in your blood.Dry and itchy skin may be a sign of the mineral and bone disease that often accompanies advanced kidney disease when the kidneys are no longer able to keep the correct balance of nutrients and minerals in your blood.
You may feel that you need to urinate more often.
If you feel the need to urinate more often, especially at night, this could be a sign of kidney disease. When the kidneys filters are damaged, it may cause an increase in the urge to urinate. Sometimes this may also be a sign of urinary infection or enlarged prostate in men.
You see blood in your urine.
Healthy kidneys typically keep the cells of blood in the body when filtering wastes from the blood to create urine, but when the kidney’s filters have been damaged, these blood cells may start to “leak” out into the urine. In addition to signalling kidney disease, blood in the urine might be indicative of tumors, kidney stones or an infection.
Your urine is foamy.
Lots of bubbles in the urine – especially those that require you to flush several times before they go away—indicate protein in the urine. This foam might be look like the foam you see when scrambling eggs, as the common protein found in urine, albumin, is the same protein that is found in eggs.
You’re experiencing persistent puffiness around your eyes.
Protein in the urine is an early indication that the kidneys’ filters have been, damaged; allowing the look to leak into the urine. This puffiness around your eyes might be due to the fact that your kidneys are leaking a large amount of protein in the urine, rather than keeping it in the body.
Your ankles and feet are swollen.
Decreased kidney function may lead to sodium retention, causing swelling in your feet and ankles. Swelling in the lower extremities could also be a sign of heart disease, liver disease, and chronic leg vein problems.
Treating Process for stage 1 kidney disease
Regular testing of protein in the urine and serum creatinine can show whether the kidney damage is progressing. Living a healthy lifestyle may help slow the progression of kidney disease. Doctors recommend that people in stage 1
Chronic Kidney Diseases:
- Eat a healthy diet:
- One should include grains and fresh fruits and vegetables in his diet.
- Always go for a low saturated diet which has moderate amount of cholestrol.
- Decrease the consumption of refined or processed foods.
- Avoid food which is high in sugar or sodium.
- Have those particular foods which are low in salt and sodium.
- Exercise regularly and look for a healthy weight
- Eat protein rich diet of the right amount.
- Have adequate calories.
- Have vitamins and minerals as recommended.
- Having potassium and phosphorus is not bad. However, for some health conditions, this might be a problem.
- Must keep a check on the blood pressure.
- diabetic patients – 125/75
- For non-diabetic without proteinuria 130/85
- For non-diabetic with proteinuria
- Keep blood diabetes or sugar on check
- Prefer regular check-ups
- Avoid smoking or drinking
Screening and Monitoring Evidence is insufficient to determine if screening for or monitoring of early stage Chronic Kidney Diseases improves clinical outcomes. No trials directly show a benefit for Chronic Kidney Diseases screening or monitoring, and potential harms are poorly, described. Indirect evidence suggests that screening and monitoring might be beneficial for specific subgroups of patients.